Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chapter 1 Labour Legislation

Chapter 1 Labour Legislation

Ratings: (0)|Views: 27|Likes:
Published by samrulezzz

More info:

Published by: samrulezzz on Jul 30, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/31/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Labour Legislation Growth and Development
Five Stages
1.
 
The beginning of modern labour laws:1830-1918.
 
2
.
 
B
etween the two World Wars:1919-194
2
.3.
 
Prior to independence:194
2
-1947.4.
 
Post-Independence:1947-1975.5.
 
Post-Emergency:1975 onwards«..
1.
 
1830-1918
y
 
 N
eed to regulate the recruitment to various
B
ritish colonies.
y
 
L
aissez faire doctrine.
y
 
C
riminal penalties for breach of contract.
y
 
egulate the supply of labour to Assam Tea Gardens.
y
 
F
ar from protecting the interests of labour.
y
 
Towards the close of 19
th
century, efforts were made to correct more seriousabuses of workers.
y
 
F
actories Act,1881-limitation on working hours of women and children.
y
 
M
ines Act,1901-securing safe working conditions.
y
 
F
actory
L
abour 
C
ommission-1907.
y
 
S
 pecial
F
actories Act,1911-statutory limitation on working hours of men (onlyfor textile factories).
y
 
L
abour 
L
egislation was haphazard and tardy.
 
2
.
 
Wartime Legislation(1919-194
2)
 
y
 
M
ontague-
C
helmsford
eforms.
y
 
Indians in the central legislature and government.
y
 
ise of trade union movement-All India Trade Union
C
ongress(1919).
y
 
B
irth of I
LO
-established by Peace Treaty of 1919.
y
 
 N
ational
S
truggle for Independence-under the leadership of Indian
 N
ational
C
ongress.
y
 
Amendment to the
F
actories Act of 1911-
 
reduce the hours of work to 11hours a day and 60 a week.
 
Payment for overtime work, at the rate of 1.
2
5times more.
 
aise the min. age of employment of children from 9 to 1
2
years andreduce hours of work to 6 hours,
y
 
Indian
M
ines Act-19
2
3-
 
60 a week (surface), and 54 (underground) hours of work.
 
Weekly holiday.
 
M
in. age of employment 1
2
years
y
 
The Workmen¶s
C
ompensation Act 19
2
3,19
2
6,19
2
9.
y
 
Workmen¶s
C
ompensation (
O
ccupational Diseases)
C
onvention,19
2
5.
y
 
Equality of Treatment (Accident
C
ompensation)
C
onvention,19
2
5.
y
 
Trade Disputes Act,19
2
9.
y
 
The Indian Trade Union Act,19
2
6 etc.
y
 
oyal
C
ommission on
L
abour in 19
2
9, made a series of recommendations on allaspects of labour problems.
y
 
Provincial
L
abour 
L
aws provided for maternity benefits.
 
y
 
Government of India Act, 1935-central, provincial and concurrent.
y
 
L
abour 
M
inisters
C
onference in 1940,1941,194
2
.
y
 
Tripartite
L
abour 
C
onferences in 194
2
.
y
 
Advisory bodies expected to increase efficiency and utility.
3.
 
194
2
-1947
y
 
F
actories Act-48 hours a week, annual holidays, canteen facilities.
y
 
Industrial Disputes Act,1947-investigation and peaceful settlement of industrialdisputes.
y
 
F
raming of the
C
onstitution of India-1.
 
L
abour welfare and industrial disputes were in the
C
oncurrent
L
ist.
2
.
 
Airways, railways, banking, insurance, industries etc were in the Union
L
ist.
4.
 
Post Independence 1947-1975
Divided into these categories:‡
 
Working conditions, safety, hygiene and welfare.‡
 
Wages.‡
 
Industrial
elations.‡
 
Trade Unionism.‡
 
S
ocial
S
ecurity.‡
 
Welfare outside the works.‡
 
Employment and unemployment.‡
 
Industrial housing.‡
 
M
iscellaneous problems.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->