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Table Of Contents

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Unit Systems
1.2.1 SI Units
1.2.2 The Other Systems of Units
1.3 Writing Units as Words or Symbols
1.4 Combinations of SI Base Units
1.5 Rounding, Scientific Notation and Significant Figures
1.5.1 Rounding Off
1.5.4 Significant Figures
1.6 Prefixes of Base Units
1.7 The Importance of Units
1.8 How to Change Units
1.9 A sanity test
1.10 Summary
1.11 End of Chapter Exercises
2.1 Mixtures
2.1.1 Heterogeneous mixtures
2.1.2 Homogeneous mixtures
2.1.3 Separating mixtures
2.2 Pure Substances: Elements and Compounds
2.2.1 Elements
2.2.2 Compounds
2.3 Giving names and formulae to substances
2.4 Metals, Semi-metals and Non-metals
2.4.1 Metals
2.4.2 Non-metals
2.4.3 Semi-metals
2.5 Electrical conductors, semi-conductors and insulators
2.6 Thermal Conductors and Insulators
2.7 Magnetic and Non-magnetic Materials
2.8 Summary
3.1 Introduction: The atom as the building block of matter
3.2 Molecules
3.2.1 Representing molecules
3.5 The Properties of Matter
3.6 Summary
The Atom - Grade 10
4.1 Models of the Atom
4.1.1 The Plum Pudding Model
4.1.2 Rutherford’s model of the atom
4.1.3 The Bohr Model
4.2 How big is an atom?
4.2.1 How heavy is an atom?
4.2.2 How big is an atom?
4.3 Atomic structure
4.3.1 The Electron
4.3.2 The Nucleus
4.4 Atomic number and atomic mass number
4.5 Isotopes
4.5.1 What is an isotope?
4.5.2 Relative atomic mass
4.6 Energy quantisation and electron configuration
4.6.1 The energy of electrons
4.6.2 Energy quantisation and line emission spectra
4.6.3 Electron configuration
4.6.4 Core and valence electrons
4.6.5 The importance of understanding electron configuration
4.7 Ionisation Energy and the Periodic Table
4.7.1 Ions
4.7.2 Ionisation Energy
4.8 The Arrangement of Atoms in the Periodic Table
4.8.1 Groups in the periodic table
4.8.2 Periods in the periodic table
4.9 Summary
5.1 Physical changes in matter
5.2 Chemical Changes in Matter
5.2.1 Decomposition reactions
5.2.2 Synthesis reactions
5.3 Energy changes in chemical reactions
5.4 Conservation of atoms and mass in reactions
5.5 Law of constant composition
5.6 Volume relationships in gases
5.7 Summary
6.1 Chemical symbols
6.2 Writing chemical formulae
6.3 Balancing chemical equations
6.3.1 The law of conservation of mass
6.3.2 Steps to balance a chemical equation
6.4 State symbols and other information
6.5 Summary
The Water Cycle - Grade 10
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The importance of water
7.3 The movement of water through the water cycle
7.4 The microscopic structure of water
7.4.1 The polar nature of water
7.4.2 Hydrogen bonding in water molecules
7.5 The unique properties of water
7.6 Water conservation
7.7 Summary
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Nitrogen fixation
8.3 Nitrification
8.4 Denitrification
8.5 Human Influences on the Nitrogen Cycle
8.6 The industrial fixation of nitrogen
8.7 Summary
The Hydrosphere - Grade 10
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Interactions of the hydrosphere
9.3 Exploring the Hydrosphere
9.4 The Importance of the Hydrosphere
9.5 Ions in aqueous solution
9.5.1 Dissociation in water
9.5.2 Ions and water hardness
9.5.3 The pH scale
9.5.4 Acid rain
9.6 Electrolytes, ionisation and conductivity
9.6.1 Electrolytes
9.6.2 Non-electrolytes
9.6.3 Factors that affect the conductivity of water
9.7 Precipitation reactions
9.8 Testing for common anions in solution
9.8.1 Test for a chloride
9.8.2 Test for a sulphate
9.8.3 Test for a carbonate
9.8.4 Test for bromides and iodides
9.9 Threats to the Hydrosphere
9.10 Summary
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Unit Systems
10.2.1 SI Units
10.2.2 The Other Systems of Units
10.3 Writing Units as Words or Symbols
10.4 Combinations of SI Base Units
10.5 Rounding, Scientific Notation and Significant Figures
10.5.1 Rounding Off
10.5.2 Error Margins
10.5.3 Scientific Notation
10.5.4 Significant Figures
10.6 Prefixes of Base Units
10.7 The Importance of Units
10.8 How to Change Units
10.8.1 Two other useful conversions
10.9 A sanity test
10.10 Summary
10.11 End of Chapter Exercises
Motion in One Dimension - Grade
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Reference Point, Frame of Reference and Position
11.2.1 Frames of Reference
11.2.2 Position
11.3 Displacement and Distance
11.3.1 Interpreting Direction
11.3.2 Differences between Distance and Displacement
11.4 Speed, Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity
11.4.1 Differences between Speed and Velocity
11.5 Acceleration
11.6.3 Motion at Constant Acceleration
11.7 Summary of Graphs
11.8 Worked Examples
11.9 Equations of Motion
11.9.1 Finding the Equations of Motion
11.10 Applications in the Real-World
11.11 Summary
11.12 End of Chapter Exercises: Motion in One Dimension
12.1 Weight
12.1.1 Differences between Mass and Weight
12.2 Acceleration due to Gravity
12.2.1 Gravitational Fields
12.2.2 Free fall
12.3 Potential Energy
12.4 Kinetic Energy
12.4.1 Checking units
12.5 Mechanical Energy
12.5.1 Conservation of Mechanical Energy
12.5.2 Using the Law of Conservation of Energy
12.6 Energy graphs
12.7 Summary
12.8 End of Chapter Exercises: Gravity and Mechanical En-
Transverse Pulses - Grade 10
13.1 Introduction
13.2 What is a medium?
13.3 What is a pulse?
13.3.1 Pulse Length and Amplitude
13.3.2 Pulse Speed
13.4 Graphs of Position and Velocity
13.4.1 Motion of a Particle of the Medium
13.4.2 Motion of the Pulse
13.5 Transmission and Reflection of a Pulse at a Boundary
13.6 Reflection of a Pulse from Fixed and Free Ends
13.6.1 Reflection of a Pulse from a Fixed End
13.6.2 Reflection of a Pulse from a Free End
13.7 Superposition of Pulses
13.8 Exercises - Transverse Pulses
Transverse Waves - Grade 10
14.1 Introduction
14.2 What is a transverse wave?
14.2.1 Peaks and Troughs
14.2.2 Amplitude and Wavelength
14.2.3 Points in Phase
14.2.4 Period and Frequency
14.2.5 Speed of a Transverse Wave
14.3 Graphs of Particle Motion
14.4.5 Wavelengths of Standing Waves with Fixed and Free Ends
14.4.6 Superposition and Interference
14.5 Summary
14.6 Exercises
Geometrical Optics - Grade 10
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Light Rays
15.2.1 Shadows
15.2.2 Ray Diagrams
15.3 Reflection
15.3.1 Terminology
15.3.2 Law of Reflection
15.3.3 Types of Reflection
15.4 Refraction
15.4.1 Refractive Index
15.4.2 Snell’s Law
15.4.3 Apparent Depth
15.5 Mirrors
15.5.1 Image Formation
15.5.2 Plane Mirrors
15.5.3 Ray Diagrams
15.5.4 Spherical Mirrors
15.5.5 Concave Mirrors
15.5.6 Convex Mirrors
15.5.7 Summary of Properties of Mirrors
15.5.8 Magnification
15.6 Total Internal Reflection and Fibre Optics
15.6.1 Total Internal Reflection
15.6.2 Fibre Optics
15.7 Summary
15.8 Exercises
Magnetism - Grade 10
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Magnetic fields
16.3 Permanent magnets
16.3.1 The poles of permanent magnets
16.3.2 Magnetic attraction and repulsion
16.3.3 Representing magnetic fields
16.4 The compass and the earth’s magnetic field
16.4.1 The earth’s magnetic field
16.5 Summary
16.6 End of chapter exercises
Electrostatics - Grade 10
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Two kinds of charge
17.3 Unit of charge
17.4 Conservation of charge
17.5 Force between Charges
17.6 Conductors and insulators
17.6.1 The electroscope
17.7 Attraction between charged and uncharged objects
17.7.1 Polarisation of Insulators
17.8 Summary
17.9 End of chapter exercise
18.1 Electric Circuits
18.1.1 Closed circuits
18.1.2 Representing electric circuits
18.2 Potential Difference
18.2.1 Potential Difference
18.2.2 Potential Difference and Parallel Resistors
18.2.3 Potential Difference and Series Resistors
18.2.4 Ohm’s Law
18.2.5 EMF
18.3 Current
18.3.1 Flow of Charge
18.3.2 Current
18.3.3 Series Circuits
18.3.4 Parallel Circuits
18.4 Resistance
18.4.1 What causes resistance?
18.4.2 Resistors in electric circuits
18.5 Instruments to Measure voltage, current and resis-
18.5.1 Voltmeter
18.5.2 Ammeter
18.5.3 Ohmmeter
18.5.4 Meters Impact on Circuit
18.6 Exercises - Electric circuits
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PhysicalScience_Gr10

PhysicalScience_Gr10

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Published by: Neel Patel on Jul 30, 2011
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