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Fungsi Alat Batu Dari Gua Pandan, Padangbindu Sumatera Selatan

Fungsi Alat Batu Dari Gua Pandan, Padangbindu Sumatera Selatan

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Published by Irdiansyah
Stone tool is one of the implement that made and/or use by prehistoric human to procure their life needs. Thereby, has an archaeological data that related on one functional tissue, stone tool can reflect a behavior. By means of that, the study of form and function of the artefact must be answered before move farther to discuss about behavior. Pandan Cave is one of the Indonesian sites that have a variablity of stone artefact, the use-wear of stone tool artefact in this site have never been analysed. Based on that matters, two question can be submitted on this research to explain the function of stone tool from Pandan Cave, that is about stone assemblage especially about the type and use-wear of the stone tool.
Furthermore, the stone assemblage especially tools is classified into a various type. After classification was complete, the tool were examined by microscope for use-wear photograph and description. Etnographic and experimental analogy from several book sources was use in interpretation stage. Thereby, the function of usage tool can be estimated.
The classification obtained five types of tools with unifacial and low angle edge (I1 type) as the majority type, followed by unifacial with very high angle edge (I3 type), unifacial with high angle edge (I2 type), bifacial with very high angle edge (II3 type), and bifacial with low angle edge (II1 type). Based on use-wear analysis with ethnographical and experimental analogy, the I2 type is close to various activities, such as scraping / chopping wood, scraping plants, perforating fresh skin, cutting / slicing meat, and sawing bone. The I1 type is close to cutting / slicing meat, bone whittling, and scraping / whittling / chopping wood. The I3 type is close to scraping / wood plane and scraping dry skin. The II3 type is close to wood battering activities.
Based on all approximation, the individuals / groups of people of Pandan Cave Site are close to hunter and gatherer activities wich directly done through wooden tools. Meanwhile, the stone tools are use to produce the wooden tools. Thereby, the efficient and proportionate stone tools of Pandan Cave Site are not made for portable hunting tools, but easy to carry on the way during migration.
Stone tool is one of the implement that made and/or use by prehistoric human to procure their life needs. Thereby, has an archaeological data that related on one functional tissue, stone tool can reflect a behavior. By means of that, the study of form and function of the artefact must be answered before move farther to discuss about behavior. Pandan Cave is one of the Indonesian sites that have a variablity of stone artefact, the use-wear of stone tool artefact in this site have never been analysed. Based on that matters, two question can be submitted on this research to explain the function of stone tool from Pandan Cave, that is about stone assemblage especially about the type and use-wear of the stone tool.
Furthermore, the stone assemblage especially tools is classified into a various type. After classification was complete, the tool were examined by microscope for use-wear photograph and description. Etnographic and experimental analogy from several book sources was use in interpretation stage. Thereby, the function of usage tool can be estimated.
The classification obtained five types of tools with unifacial and low angle edge (I1 type) as the majority type, followed by unifacial with very high angle edge (I3 type), unifacial with high angle edge (I2 type), bifacial with very high angle edge (II3 type), and bifacial with low angle edge (II1 type). Based on use-wear analysis with ethnographical and experimental analogy, the I2 type is close to various activities, such as scraping / chopping wood, scraping plants, perforating fresh skin, cutting / slicing meat, and sawing bone. The I1 type is close to cutting / slicing meat, bone whittling, and scraping / whittling / chopping wood. The I3 type is close to scraping / wood plane and scraping dry skin. The II3 type is close to wood battering activities.
Based on all approximation, the individuals / groups of people of Pandan Cave Site are close to hunter and gatherer activities wich directly done through wooden tools. Meanwhile, the stone tools are use to produce the wooden tools. Thereby, the efficient and proportionate stone tools of Pandan Cave Site are not made for portable hunting tools, but easy to carry on the way during migration.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Irdiansyah on Jul 31, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/16/2013

 
 FUNGSI ALAT BATU DARI SITUS GUA PANDAN,PADANGBINDU, SUMATERA SELATAN
Skripsidiajukan untuk melengkapipersyaratan mencapai gelarSarjana Humanioraoleh:
IRDIANSYAH
NPM 0702030219
Program Studi Arkeologi
FAKULTAS ILMU PENGETAHUAN BUDAYAUNIVERSITAS INDONESIA2008
 
PRAKATA
Segenap rasa syukur saya ucapkan atas segala karunia yang telah diberikanAllah SWT, sehingga skripsi ini dapat diselesaikan. Terbatasnya kemampuanmenyebabkan apa yang disajikan dalam tulisan ini masih jauh dari sempurna, baik materi maupun susunan bahasanya. Namun demikian, dengan segala kerendahan hatidiharapkan tulisan ini mempunyai arti, sekecil apapun.Penulisan skripsi ini tidak lepas dari berbagai dukungan beberapa instansi.Dengan demikian, sudah sepantasnya saya mengucapkan terima kasih kepadaProgram Studi Arkeologi serta segenap dosen yang telah memberikan penjelasan danpemahaman tentang ilmu arkeologi. Kepada Pusat Penelitian
dan
PengembanganArkeologi Nasional (Puslitbang Arkenas)
serta
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement 
(IRD) yang telah memberikan keleluasaan dalam mengakses data.Kepada Laboratorium Departemen Metalurgi dan Material, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia yang telah meminjamkan fasilitas mikroskop, sehinggamemudahkan penelitian.Terima kasih dan hormat kepada Ibu Karina Arifin, Ph.D. yang telahmembimbing, memberi semangat, dan memberikan begitu banyak pengetahuantentang ilmu arkeologi prasejarah khususnya penelitian alat batu dalam penulisanskripsi ini. Kepada Ibu Ingrid H.E. Pojoh, M.Si. yang juga memberikan pengetahuandan saran khususnya dalam penulisan skripsi ini. Kepada Ibu Dr. Wiwin DjuwitaRamelan dan Bapak Chaksana A.H. Said, M.A. yang dalam kesibukannya telahbersedia membaca skripsi ini. Terima kasih kepada Dr. Ninie Soesanti Yuliantoselaku Koordinator Program Studi Arkeologi yang telah banyak membantu.Terima kasih dan hormat kepada Bapak Dubel Driwantoro, S.S. (alm) yangtelah memberikan dorongan dan pengetahuan kepada penulis tentang alat batu, sertaIbu Amelia S.S. yang juga memberikan bantuan dan semangat kepada penulis.Kepada Bapak Prof. Dr. Truman Simanjuntak dan Dr. Hubert Forestier yang telahmemberikan izin dan kesempatan untuk mengakses data. Kepada Bapak Drs. M.i
 
Fadhlan S. Intan yang telah membantu dan memberikan pengetahuan tentangklasifikasi mineral dan batuan. Kepada Bapak Ngadiran yang juga memberikanbanyak bantuan kepada penulis saat analisis. Serta Bapak Zaenal yang telahmembantu penulis dalam penggunaan mikroskop dan fotomikro di LaboratoriumDepartemen Metalurgi dan Material.Terima kasih kepada Budenk, Githa, Abi, Sigit, dan Ami yang telahmemberikan gambaran tentang arkeologi prasejarah serta peminjaman/pemberianbuku dan artikel. Bowo, Yessi, Icha, serta angkatan 2000 lainnya. Anne (dan keluargadi Bandung), Rauf “Karina Boys”, Dian, Indri, Iman, Visna, Mila, serta angkatan2001 lainnya. Kepada adik-adik angkatan 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, dan 2007 yangsemoga selalu menjadikan KAMA FIB-UI sebagai wadah pemenuhan kebutuhanminat dan studi arkeologi. Kepada seluruh “band of brothers”
 
Nendra (alm), Tile,Surya, Randu, Adit, Nuge, Icat, Ezwin “Karina Boys”, Dito, Solus, Bobi, Ade, danAri. Dee, Timur, Churma, Olive, Rian, serta 2002 lainnya.Pada akhirnya terima kasih yang sebesar-besarnya tidak lupa penulis ucapkankepada Ibu dan Ayah (alm) tercinta atas pengorbanan dan doanya selama ini. Kakak-kakak tercinta Uni Emma, Uda Aam dan Mba Ria, serta Idam yang telah memberikansemangat dan doa. Adikku Vina serta keponakanku Eka Rafifa Salsabila dan Ibnu ZulSatriani.Sebagai penutup, saya mengharapkan kritik serta saran atas segala kekurangandalam skripsi ini.Bogor, 31 Desember 2007Irdiansyahii

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bang, makasih banget ini skripsi abang di upload di scribd. berguna banget untuk yang ambil pra-sejarah. ada sih di perpus (sudah terpusat--namanya perpus pusat teletubies) cuma kalau fotokopi ditodong 1000 selembarnya, ckckck kampus kapitalis. Thanks ya, bang
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