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Bombers to Transports

Bombers to Transports

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Published by tylerturpin
Discusses the transport and cargo versions of the B-24 Liberator bomber of World War II and the reuse of obsolete bomber aircraft and bomber protype aircraft of the 1930s as transport and cargo aircraft in World War II
Discusses the transport and cargo versions of the B-24 Liberator bomber of World War II and the reuse of obsolete bomber aircraft and bomber protype aircraft of the 1930s as transport and cargo aircraft in World War II

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Published by: tylerturpin on Aug 01, 2011
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08/01/2011

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Prototype and obsolete bomber aircraft served as transports.The U.S. Government and its contractors had a shortage of aircraft to transport cargo and personnel withinthe United States and to the overseas bases beginning in the days after the attack on Pearl Harbor until late1943.¶¶See Volume I Chapter 9 of The Army Air Forces in World War II µ¶ Every cargo and passenger aircraft capable of being made usable for safe flight was utilized. A source of additional cargo aircraft wasfound by converting some of the prototype aircraft of the World II muti-engine bomber aircraft when they became obsolete for research purposes or were replaced by more modern aircraft from the patrolassignments they had been performing . Another source of cargo aircraft was the conversion of the firstfour single wing , multi-engine bomber type aircraft to cargo and personnel carrying aircraft when theywere able to be replaced by more modern aircraft from the patrol assignments they had been performing.Features of mechanical components , armament, armor, crew positions, fuel handling lines and often lack of self sealing fueling tanks made the prototypes of the WW II built bomber aircraft , B-10, B-12. B-18,B-23 bomber aircraft unsuitable for missions over or near Axis powers held areas.The Martin B-10 and B-12 were the first two single wing bomber types of the U.S. Army Air Corps andentered service in the early to mid 1930s era. All B-10 and B-12 aircraft remaining in inventory wereremoved from flight status and sold for scrap in late 1943 because newer aircraft were available and it wasan inventory management and manufacturing burden to maintain parts for these aircraft. No B10/B-12 builtfor the Army Air Corps survive as museum exhibits. The remaining example on display at the NationalMuseum of USAF was built for the Air Force of Argentina and brought back for use as a museum exhibitin 1972. The Douglas B-18 and B-23 entered service in the late 1930s as replacements for the B-10 and B-12 aircraft . The B-18 was based on the design of the DC-2 civil passenger and cargo aircraft. The B-23was based on the design of the DC-3 passenger and cargo aircraft. Many B-23 were purchased bygovernment contractors after World War II ended to see further services as cargo aircraft , and executivetransports.The Boeing XB-15 was a 1937 built one aircraft produced prototype that aided in the design of the B-17.After serving the first several months of World War II as a costal patrol aircraft, it was converted to theXC-105 cargo aircraft . It flew 70 cargo missions until being scrapped in 1945 because the supply of spare parts for the aircraft had been utilized , modern aircraft were available in sufficient numbers to replace itand it was not practical to disrupt production of parts for more modern aircraft being produced in greatnumbers..The Douglas XB-19 was a one aircraft produced prototype bomber aircraft 132 ft long in fuselage µ¶33feet longer than the B-29¶¶ and designed prior to the issuance of the contract solicitation that led to the B-29. The XB-19 had its first flight in June of1941 It was used as a research aircraft until late 1943 , when itwas converted into a cargo and transport aircraft. It was scrapped in 1949.6 of the 7 test aircraft for the production of the designed and manufactured by Consolidated, B-24Liberator Bomber were sold to the Royal Air Force for use as transport aircraft shortly after they werecompleted in 1940. Some of the early production versions of the built for the UK RAF B-24 Liberator known as the LB-30 were converted into transports upon delivery to the RAF or after brief use as patrolaircraft. T One of the primary transport aircraft from 1942 to 1945 of Prime Minister Sir Winton Churchillof the United Kingdom was an LB-30 specially converted to be a transport for senior leaders wo early production LB-30 were transferred by the Royal Air Force in 1944 to Qantas Empire Airways of Australiato help the firm meet wartime needs. It was common in World War II for U.S. personnel and cargo to flyon aircraft of allies.An-LB-30 damaged in a landing accident in Canada ,in 1941 , was returned to the United States for repairs before it was accepted by the RAF. Consolidated converted the aircraft into a personnel and cargo carryingaircraft for company use to bring staff and cargo to military bases and between company facilities. Thisaircraft led to the development of the C-87 .

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