Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Free Vibrations

Free Vibrations

Ratings: (0)|Views: 56|Likes:

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ucv vibraciones mecanicas on Aug 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/29/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 
FREE VIBRATIONS OF A VISCOUS DAMPED SYSTEM
 YED
Đ
TEPE UNIVERSITYDEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
 
2
YEDITEPE UNIVERSITY ENGINEERING FACULTYMECHANICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY
FREE VIBRATIONS OF A VISCOUS DAMPED SYSTEM
 1. Objective:
 
Calculation of the viscous damping coefficient of a dashpot by measuring the freevibrations of the single DOF spring-dashpot system.
2. Equipment:
 
Universal vibration apparatus
 
PULSE vibration analysis system
 
Personal ComputerThe vibration system will be composed of a beam, with one of the end attached to a springand the other end attached to a rotary joint. The dashpot with unknown viscous dampingcoefficient is connected to the beam. In order to observe the vibrations easily, an electricmotor attached to the system increases the mass moment of inertia and extends the duration of free vibrations. During the experiment, the beam is assumed to be a rigid body and the systemis taken as a single DOF.Experimental setup is shown in Figure 1, and required systems parameters are given in Table1.Figure 1. Experiment Set-upTable 1: System ParametersSpring Constant (k)
638.13 N/m
Spring Position (l
s
)Damper Position (l
d
)
 
3. Theory:3.1 Viscous Damper
The vibration in all physical systems will be decayed and disappeared after a certain timewhen the external forces that cause the vibrations are removed. The reason for this is theeffect of damping, which absorbs the mechanical energy in mechanical systems. In this
l
s
 l
d
 
 
3
experiment, we will be interested a special type of damping, called viscous damping.Damping force will be proportional to the velocity as,F
s
= -rV (1)Viscous damping is widely used in engineering applications. A viscous damper consists of apiston moving inside a cylinder filled with a viscous fluid (Fig. 2). The piston has holes topermit fluid traveling from one side of the cylinder to the other. Neglecting the mass of thepiston, a force of rV is needed to move the piston with a velocity v with respect to thecylinder. The viscous damping coefficient r depends on the structural properties of the damperas well as the viscosity of the fluid inside the cylinder.Figure 2. Viscous damper
3.2 Governing Equations
The free vibration of the damped single DOF system is governed by the following differentialequation:02
2...
=++
x x x
nn
ω ζω 
(2)where
ζ 
is the damping coefficient and
n
ω 
is the undamped natural frequency of the system.The solution to free vibrations of the system when
ζ 
<1 is given by:
( ) ( )
ψ ω 
ζω 
=
 Xe x
n
cos (3)where,
2
1
ζ ω ω 
=
n
(4)is called the damped natural frequency. The solution (3) is a harmonic motion with variableamplitude (
n
 Xe
ζω 
). This amplitude of motion decreases with a constant ratio in every periodof oscillations.
ω π 
2
=
(5)()()
n
 x e x t
ζω 
=+
(6)This is a characteristic of viscous damped systems. After taking
n
ω 
(4) and
 
(5), the naturallogarithm of (6) we get,

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->