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decremento logaritmico

decremento logaritmico

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Published by: ucv vibraciones mecanicas on Aug 01, 2011
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07/28/2013

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1
Lecture 7-Log Decrement
MEEM 37001
MEEM 3700MEEM 3700Mechanical VibrationsMechanical Vibrations
Mohan D. RaoChuck Van Karsen
Mechanical Engineering-Engineering MechanicsMichigan Technological University
Copyright 2003
Lecture 7-Log Decrement
MEEM 37002
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1-1-0.8-0.6-0.4-0.200.20.40.60.81time - seconds
    a    m    p     i     l     t    u     d    e
( )
( )
()sin
n
 x t e X
ζω 
ω φ 
= +
n+11DDd
n = number of periodst = t+n
τ
2=
π τ ω 
1
 x
1
1
n
+
1
n
 x
+
A method to experimentally measure damping ratio in under-damped systems
()(cossin)
n
d
 x t e A t B
ζω 
ω ω 
= +
or 
 
2
Lecture 7-Log Decrement
MEEM 37003
( )
( )
( )
( )
11
1111
sinsin
nn n
nd n
e X  x xe X
ζω ζω 
ω φ ω φ 
+
++
+=+
( )
11
11
nn Dn D
nt nn
 x ee xe
ζω ζω τ ζω τ 
++
= =
Using:
2
221
 D Dn
π π τ ω ω ζ 
= =
 becomes
11
n
 x x
+
22
221111
nn
nnn
 xe e x
ζω π πζ ω ζ ζ 
+
= =
Lecture 7-Log Decrement
MEEM 37004
2
2111
nn
 xe x
πζ ζ 
+
=
121
2ln1
Log Decrement
n
 x n x
πζ ζ 
+
=
121
12ln1
n
 xn x
πζ ζ 
+
=
2 for 0.2
πζ ζ 
<
Giventake ln(log
e
) both sides

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