CARE OF PATIENTS WITH INTRAVENOUS THERAPY
– the administration / introduction of fluids directly into the veinPurposes / Rationale / Goals:a.
Maintain & replace body stores of water, electrolytes, vitamins, proteins, fate & calorieswhen patient or client cannot maintain an adequate intake by mouthb.
Restore acid-base balancec.
Restore volume of blood componentsd.
Provide avenue for the administration of medicatione.
Provide nutrition while resting the GI TractEquipment Needed:a.
IV Fluid – in bottle or plastic containerb.
Needle / Catheter – in different sizes (gauge 14 – 25) or winged, “butterfly” needled.
IV Pole / IV Infusion Pumpe.
Others – dressing (transparent gauze); tape / plaster; splint / armboardAdvantages:a.
used when patient cannot take oral medicationb.
permits accurate dosec.
acts instantly – absorbed quickly by the bodyDisadvantages:a.
Carries risk like bleeding, infiltration, infection, and allergic reactionsb.
Limits patient activitiesc.
Costly – costs more than any other drugAdult contain 60% of fluids in the bodyFunctions of Fluid:1.
Intracellular – 55% of total body fluid2.
Extracellular – 45% of total body fluida.
CSF – Cerebro Spinal Fluidc.
PlasmaKinds of IV Solutions: