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PERCEPTIVES OF NURSING EDUCATION GLOBAL AND NATIONAL

PERCEPTIVES OF NURSING EDUCATION GLOBAL AND NATIONAL

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PERCEPTIVES OF NURSING EDUCATIONGLOBAL AND NATIONAL
The demand for higher education has increased worldwide and theresponse has been an impressive expansion of education offerings bothwithin and across countries. In recent years there has been a proliferation of educational courses that target international clientele. This h as led toconcerns about quality and consistency and also the need for internationalstandards of education.Internationalization in education, according to knight “the process of integrating an international, intercultural or global dimension in the purpose,functions and delivery of post – secondary education”.Exported education service are delivered in various ways.
As students travel abroad to receive their education.
As education is delivered to them through distance learning.
As educational institutions from one country provide onsite classes inanother country, often through establishing branch campuses.Education of health professionals, specially nurses, cannot be entirelyhomogenous given population health issues, such as endemic diseases, alongwith social, cultural and economic differences. The standards for nursingeducation need to be established through out the world to provide a guide for local services and to assure a minimum standard for important issues such asessential qualifications for nurse educators.
 
PATTERNS OF NURSING EDUCATION AND TRAININGPROGRAMMES IN INDIAINTRODUCTION
 Nursing Council Act came to existence in 1948 to constitute a councilof nurses who would safe guard the quality of nursing education in thecountry. The mandate was to establish and maintain uniform standards of nursing education. Today, Indian nursing council is a statutory body thatregulates nursing education in the country through prescription, inspection,examination, certification and maintaining its stands for a uniform syllabusat each level of nursing education. The strive for maintenance of a uniformstandards and pattern of nursing education has curbed creative developmentand experiments for expansion of nursing in to newer horizons of nursingeducation.There are six levels of nursing education in India today. They are :1.Multipurpose Health Worker Female training (ANM oMPHW-F)2.Female Health Supervisor training (HV or MPHS-F)3.General nursing and midwifery (GNM)4.BSc. Nursing5.MSc. nursing6.MPhil and PhDThe ANM, HV, and GNM are conducted in schools of nursing. The last 3are university level courses and the respective universities conduct
 
examinations. Beside there are several certificate and diploma courses inspecialties.
MULTIPURPOSE HEALTH WORKER (+) TRAINING
 The training grew out of the earlier auxillary nursing and midwifery(ANM) course.The ANM training was for 2 years. Mainly covers maternal and childcare and family welfare.The Indian Nursing Council revised the ANMs syllabus in 1977 andreduced the duration to 18 months.At the end of the course candidates are eligible for working in healthsubcentres.There are nearly 500 schools offering this course in India at present.
FEMALE HEALTH SUPERVISOR TRAINING
This course was initially meant as a health visitor training course. Itwent to several modifications and finally became metamorphosed into thecurrent six months promotional training.The female health supervisors or Multipurpose Health Assistant (F)course is being conducted in 21 centres in the country.

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