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Table Of Contents

Executive Summary
1 Introduction
2 Background
3 Dent Characterization and Parameters Affecting Pipeline Integrity
3.1 Scope Statement
3.2 Discussion on Strain in Dents
3.2.1 ASME B31.8 Strain Criterion
Figure 3.1 Non-reentrant Versus Reentrant Dents
3.2.2 Discussion of ASME Criteria
3.2.3 Example
Figure 3.2 Results from Equation 3.1 for Various Values of R1
Figure 3.3 Example Dent Profiles
Table 3.1 Dent Parameters
Table 3.2 Strain Calculation Results
Table 3.3 Allowable Strains in Field Bends
3.3 Pressure-Cycle Fatigue
Figure 3.4 Comparison of Fatigue Lives for Restrained versus Unrestrained Dents
3.4 Dents on Welds
3.5 Prediction of Failure at a Dent
4 ILI Technology for Sizing and Evaluating Dents
4.1 Scope Statement
4.2 Using MFL Tool Data to Evaluate Deformations
4.3 Using UT Tool Data to Evaluate Deformations
4.4 Using Geometry Tools to Evaluate Deformations
4.5 Potential Benefits of Comparing Data from Different Types of ILI Tools
4.6 Potential Benefits of Comparing Subsequent ILI Tool Runs
5 Field Inspection and Mitigation
5.1 Scope Statement
5.2 Inspection Methods
5.2.1 Visual Examination
5.2.2 Penetrant Testing
5.2.3 Magnetic Particle Testing
5.2.4 Ultrasonic Shear Wave Testing
5.2.5 Eddy-Current Testing
5.3 Remediation Techniques
5.3.1 Grinding
5.3.2 Composite Wrap Repairs
5.3.3 Pipeline Sleeves
5.3.4 Pipe Replacement
5.4 Recommended Inspection Procedure
5.4.1 Preliminary Examination and Measurements
5.4.2 Remove Coating
5.4.3 Detailed Examination
6.1 49 CFR 192
6.2 49 CFR 195
6.3 Comparison of 49 CFR 192 and 49 CFR 195 Regarding Dents
Table 6.1 Comparison of 49 CFR 192 and 49 CFR 195 Regarding Dents
6.4 ASME B31.4
6.5 ASME B31.8
6.6 API 1156
6.7 API 1160
7 Conclusions and Recommendations
Figure 7.5 Suggested Dent Evaluation Process
8 References
8.1 Other Pertinent Documents
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Dent Study Final Report Codes

Dent Study Final Report Codes

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Published by Rana Prathap

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Published by: Rana Prathap on Aug 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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