HDTV (high definition television ) & Digital TV Introductionhttp://dev.emcelettronica.com/print/519611 din 221.09.2008 11:34
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HDTV (high definition television ) & DigitalTV Introduction
By Diego VillaCreated 09/21/2008 - 18:21
Technology aspect ratio digital tv modulation video compressionHigh-Definition Television (HDTV) is a digital television system with greater resolution thananalog television systems (NTSC, PAL/SECAM) and standard-definition television (SDTV)and Digital TV is more flexible and efficient than analog television. The big bandwidthrequirement for HDTV necessitates the development of video compression techniques likeMPEG-1, MPEG-2 and MPEG-4. With MPEG-2 compression, a typical 6MHz TV bandwidthcan contain up to 4 SDTV channels or 1 HDTV channel.
Before HDTV was developed, there were two major analog TV standards. One is NTSCdeveloped in the US which runs at 525 lines at 60 Hz. The other is PAL/ SECAM developedin Europe which runs at 625 lines at 50 Hz. Both standards use interlacing and 4:3 aspectratio.There were early attempts to develop analog HDTV. The most succesful was Japan’s MUSEwhich was launched in the 1990s. It has an aspect ratio of 5:3 and 1125 interlaced lines at60fps. It requires bandwidth greater than the traditional systems and was eventually turnedoff in 2007.
The big bandwidth requirement for HDTV necessitates the development of digital videocompression. MPEG-1 was initially developed and later MPEG-2 which became the definedtransport stream in the DVB standard. Later developments in compression technology sawthe rise of MPEG-4 with many variants, the most popular of which is the H.264 standard. WithMPEG-2 compression, a typical 6MHz TV bandwidth can contain up to 4 SDTV channels or 1HDTV channel.Aside from the developments in video compression, different digital TV transmissionstandards were also developed. In the US, the ATSC standard was developed based on8-VSB modulation. In Europe, it was DVB-T and in Japan, ISDB-T. The two latter standardsare both based on COFDM modulation.In 1983, the ITU set up a working group to come up with a common standard for HDTV.There were thorny issues especially on the frame rate which is 25 fps for countries with 50HzAC mains and 30 fps for those with 60Hz AC mains. There was agreement however on theaspect ratio which became 16:9, the mean between the traditional TV 4:3 aspect ratio and