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p 1644 Automatic Street Light Controller

p 1644 Automatic Street Light Controller

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Published by harrisraj

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Published by: harrisraj on Aug 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/02/2013

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1. Introduction
 
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Automatic Street Light Control System is a simple and powerful concept,which uses transistor as a switch to switch ON and OFF the street light automatically.By using this system manual works are removed. It automatically switches ON lightswhen the sunlight goes below the visible region of our eyes. It automatically switchesOFF lights under illumination by sunlight. This is done by a sensor called LightDependant Resistor (LDR) which senses the light actually like our eyes.By using this system energy consumption is also reduced because now-a-days the manually operated street lights are not switched off properly even thesunlight comes and also not switched on earlier before sunset. In sunny and rainydays, ON time and OFF time differ significantly which is one of the major disadvantage of using timer circuits or manual operation.This project exploits the working of a transistor in saturation region andcut-off region to switch ON and switch OFF the lights at appropriate time with thehelp of an electromagnetically operated switch.Automatic Streetlight needs no manual operation of switching ON andOFF. The system itself detects whether there is need for light or not. When darknessrises to a certain value then automatically streetlight is switched ON and when there isother source of light, the street light gets OFF. The extent of darkness at which thestreet light to be switched on can also be tailored using the potentiometer provided inthe circuit.Moreover, the circuit is carefully designed to avoid common problems likeoverload, relay chattering and inductive kick back in relay.
 
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2. Principle

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