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The Haredi (Ultra Orthodox) society- Sources, Trends and Processes

The Haredi (Ultra Orthodox) society- Sources, Trends and Processes

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Published by JerusalemInstitute
This executive summary describes the main processes that shaped the Ultra-Orthodox society in Israel since the 1950'. The book deals with the challenges that the Haredi society faced after the Holocaust and the changes it went through. Mainly it deals with the changes in its unique social structure, and the processes that led to a political crisis, the fragmentation of the historical political parties, and the rise of new political parties on an ethno-traditional basis.
This executive summary describes the main processes that shaped the Ultra-Orthodox society in Israel since the 1950'. The book deals with the challenges that the Haredi society faced after the Holocaust and the changes it went through. Mainly it deals with the changes in its unique social structure, and the processes that led to a political crisis, the fragmentation of the historical political parties, and the rise of new political parties on an ethno-traditional basis.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: JerusalemInstitute on Aug 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/12/2014

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THEJERUSALEMINSTITUTEFORISRAELSTUDIES
Founded
by
theCharlesH.RevsonFoundation,N.Y.
TheHaredi(Ultra-Orthodox)Society-Sources,TrendsandProcesses
MenachemFriedman
1991
 
TheJerusalemInstituteforIsraelStudies
ResearchSeriesNo.41
ThispublicationwasmadepossiblebyfundsgrantedbytheCharlesH.RevsonFoundationof'NewYork.Thestatementsmadeandtheviewsexpressed,aresolelytheresponsibilityoftheauthor.
Coverdesign:SupcrstudioLtd.
ISSN033-8681
©
1991,TheJerusalemInstituteforIsraelStudiesTheHayElyacharHouse20aRadakSt.,92186Jerusalem
 
TheHaredi(Ultra-Orthodox)SocietySources,TrendsandProcesses
MenachemFriedmanSummary
Likeaphoenixrisingfromtheashes,haredi,theUltra-OrthodoxsocietyrosefromtheashheapsoftheHolocaustofEuropeanJewry.Thetraditional-religiousJewryofEasternandCentralEuropeHassidimumbilicallyconnectedwiththeirrebbes,andMisnagdimzealouslyguardingthetraditionoftheirforebears--hasvanishedfromitsformerabode.
It
hasbeenreplacedbyaharediJewryconcentratedinIsraelandinmajorWesternEuropeanandAmericancities.TheaffinityofJudaismfortheEasternEuropeantraditionfirmlyanchoredinitsconsciousnessandinthebasicvaluesthatdistinguishitfromotherOrthodoxreligiousidentities.However,despitethegreatsimilaritybetweentoday'sHaredimandthetraditional-religiousJewsofthepast,haredisocietyisnotatraditionalsocietyintheconventionalsenseofhavinganunconditionalcommitmenttoalivingtraditionthatpassesdirectlyfromfathertosoninacommunitythatexactsindividualandfamilyobediencetolocalcustomandpunishesanydeviationfromit.True,thetraditionalJewishsociety,
In
whichthecommunitydeterminesthelifenormsforallofitsmembersinviewofallegiancetoreligioustradition,haddiedoutinEasternEuropeintheperiodbeforetheHolocaustMostJews,however,remainedtruetotheirfaith,livingthetraditiontransmitteddirectlytothemfromprecedinggenerationsintheformofsocio-geographicviewsthatexpressedparticularsocial-religiousidentities.ThistraditionalformofJudaismnolongerexists.HarediJewrytodayisasmall,well-defined,discreteminority,organizedincontiguousvoluntarycommunities,setwithinamodern,opensocietywithcompetition,confrontation,dependency,andinterrelationswiththissurroundingsociety.However,incontrasttowhatonewouldexpect,andcontrarytohistoricalexperiencebeforeWorldWarII,themovetotheWestandsettlementinIsraelamidasecular-Zionistmajoritynotonlyfailedtointensifythecommunity'serosion,but,forthefirsttimesincetheonsetofsecularization,ledtoanalmostcompletehaltofthiserosionandtounprecedentedgrowth,evenwhencomparedwiththegoldenagesoftraditionalJudaism.Haredisocietytodaypresentsnon-harcdiJewishsocietywithachallenge.
It
viewsitselfasanalternativetotheIsraelisecular-Zionistculture,andmanyoftheadherentsofthiscultureregardharedismasa
I

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