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The Life, Struggles, Works and Impact of Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

The Life, Struggles, Works and Impact of Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

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Published by Zakir Naik
Brought to you by Islamic Research Foundation - visit our blog http://islamic-research-foundation.blogspot.com/ and visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/islamic.reseach.foundation -The Life, Struggles, Works and Impact of Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

Brought to you by Islamic Research Foundation - visit our blog http://islamic-research-foundation.blogspot.com/ and visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/islamic.reseach.foundation -The Life, Struggles, Works and Impact of Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

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Published by: Zakir Naik on Aug 03, 2011
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Ibn TaimiyyahThe Life, Struggles, Works and Impact of Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn TaymiyyahContents
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A Word of CautionReferences: 'Dawah Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah wa-Athruha fi al-Harakat al-Islamiyyah al-Mu'asirah' by Salahud-Din Maqbool Ahmad, Notes by Dr. Abdullah
 
al-Farsi (hafidhahullah) and Articles on the biography of Shaikhul-Islam IbnTaymiyyah by Abu Sufyan Farid Ibn Abdulwahid Ibn Haibatan, Aisha bintMuhammad and Abu Rumaysah (May Allah reward them all)
‘This Ilm (Deen) will be carried by the trustworthy ones of each generation.Negating from it the tahreef (alterations) of the ones going beyond bounds,the false assumptions of the liars, and the ta'weel (false interpretations) of theignorant.’
[Reported by al-Bayhaqee and authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Mishkat (no.248)]
'Allah will raise for this community at the end of every hundred yearsone who will revive His religion.'
[Abu Dawood (3/4278), al-Hakim, at-Tabaranee in al-Ausat. Authenticated by al-Albanee in as-Saheehah (2/150)]
 
Islamic history stands witness to a great number of scholars, reformers and callersto the path of Allah; those who followed in the footsteps of the Salafus-Salih (thepious-predecessors) in belief and action, in calling to Allah and in assigningpriorities of life; in valor and bravery, in perils and struggle and in devoting theirlives wholeheartedly towards the affairs that benefit in the Hereafter. Amongstthese outstanding and remarkable personalities is al-Allamah, al-Imam, Shaikhul-Islam Taqi ud-Deen Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah . - whose memoirs adorn the pages of Islamic history with their perpetual achievements and exceptional influences.Ibn Taymiyyah was an outstanding scholar who mastered many fields of Islamiclearning and lived in an era of much political, social and religious upheaval. At histime, the Muslim nation faced many threats; both from within and beyond - themost crucial of which were:1. The invasions of the crusaders from the west.2. The treachery of the Fatimites in their alliance with the crusaders against theIslamic state.3. The Tartar oppression from the east, and their senseless massacres anddestruction.4. Corruption of kings and rulers, and their distance from Islam.5. The spread of rigid blind-following of Madhhabs causing deep sectariandivides.
 
6. Spread of heretical beliefs and sorcery amongst the Muslims due to the effortsof the people of innovation and desires from amongst the Shiites, the Rafidah, theSufis and the Baatinis.It was in this time of tribulations that Allah ordained for Ibn Taymiyyah toconfront these challenges and to defend the pure Deen against the tidal wave of misconceptions, deviations, innovations and heresies.
Family and Early Life, Teachers and Students19
6Ibn Taymiyyah was born in Harran (an old city between Sham and Iraq) on the10th of Rabi al-Awwal 661H. His family was renowned for their knowledge andexcellence. When he was six years old, his family fled to Damascus under thethreat of an imminent Mongol attack on their hometown. In Damascus, his fatherShahabud-Din Abu al-Mahasin Abd al-Halim established himself as a respectablescholar and later became the professor of Hadeeth and the khateeb of the greatUmmayyad mosque.
Education and Teachers
 From an early age, Ibn Taymiyyah was noted for his memory, comprehension andstrict observance of time - qualities that would later cause the rest of his life to befilled with actions such as teaching, commanding the good, forbidding the evil,authoring books and refuting innovators. He memorized the Qur'aan and studiedHadeeth with his father, who was a specialist in this field.He learned the laws of Sharee'ah, Jurisprudence and studied the Hanbali system of law under his own father. He had a particular liking for the Tafseer (explanation)of the Qur'aan as Ibn Taymiyyah, himself mentions, 'Sometimes, I have gonethrough as many as hundred commentaries of a single verse of the Qur'aan. After Ihave dipped into these pages, I have supplicated to Allah to enlighten me about thetrue content and significance of the verse. I pray to Allah thus on these occasions,'You are the Exalted Teacher of Adam and Ibraheem. Favor me with the essenceof this verse.' [al-Uqood ad-Durriyah (p. 24)]In addition, Ibn Taymiyyah also studied secular sciences of his time like history,calligraphy, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, dialect, logic, philosophy anddifferent Islamic sects. These early intellectual pursuits contributed a great deal tohis future lectures and writings. Any subject, Ibn Taymiyyah tackled and wroteabout, left the reader under the impression that this was his specific field of expertise. The total number of scholars from whom he took knowledge exceedstwo hundred including four female teachers.

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