Page 4 Modeling: Numeration and Operations MATH 3433
B. Use indirect and logical reasoning to solve the following problems.1. Andrea was visiting her Uncle Roland, who had a large jellybean collection. Whenshe asked if she could have some, he said yes, if she could solve a problem for him.He told her that he had three jars, each covered so that no one could see the color of the jellybeans. One jar was labeled
, the second,
, and the third
red & green
.However, he said that no jar had the correct label on it. She could reach into one jar,take one jellybean, and then she had to tell him the correct color of the jellybeans ineach jar. Which jar should Andrea choose to select from and why?2. Students in the fifth grade were playing a trivia game involving states, state birds, and stateflowers. They knew that in Alaska, Alabama, Oklahoma, and Minnesota, the flowers were thecamellia, forget-me-not-, pink-and-white lady’s slipper, and mistletoe, and the birds were thecommon loon, yellowhammer, willow ptarmigan, and scissor-tailed flycatcher. But they didn’tknow which went with which. They called the library and received the following clues. Use theclues to complete the table below.A. The flycatcher loves to nest in the mistletoe.B. The forget-me-not is from the northernmost state.C. Loons and lady’s slippers go together, but Minnesota and mistletoe do not.D. The yellowhammer is from a southeastern state.E. The willow ptarmigan is not from the camellia state.
3. Mike said to Linda, “Bet you can’t guess the number of candies I have in this sack.” “Give me aclue,” she said. “I have more than 50 but less than 125. If you divide them into piles of 8, thereare 2 left over. If you divide them into piles of 7, there is 1 left over,” said Mike. “Oh, that’seasy, you have candies!” said Linda. What is Linda’s answer and how did she get theanswer so easily?4. Four married couples are celebrating Thanksgiving together. The wives’ names are Jolene, Jane,Mary, and Chris. Their husbands are Bob, Rick, Lee, and Lyle. Examine the following cluesand determine who is married to whom.A. Rick is Jolene’s brother.B. Mary has two brothers, but her husband is an only child.C. Lyle is married to Chris.D. Jolene and Lee were once engaged, but broke up whenLee met his present wife.