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Table Of Contents

Objectives:
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE OR STUDIES?
1. Environmental Science and Chemisty:
2. Environmental Science and Biology:
3. Environment and Economics
4. Cultural Environment:
5. Population and Environment:
Environment and political set up:
SCOPE:
IMPORTANCE:
NEED FOR AWARENESS:
Classification of natural resources:
Examples of Renewable and Non-renewable resources:
1. FOREST RESOURCES:
USES OF FORESTS:
OVER EXPLOITATION OF FORESTS:
DEFORESTATION:
Major causes of Deforestation:
Major consequences of deforestation:
Major activities in Forests:
DAMS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON FORESTS AND PEOPLE:
WATER RESOURCES:
WATER USE AND OVER-EXPLOITATION:
Water: A precious Natural Resource:
BIG DAMS- BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS
Benefits:
Environmental problems:
Upstream problems:
Downstream impacts:
MINERAL RESOURCES:
FOOD RESOURCES:
ENERGY RESOURCES:
LAND RESOURCES:
Land as a resource:
CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES: Role of an Individual
Conserve Water:
Conserve energy:
Promote Sustainable Agriculture:
EQUITABLE USE OF RESOURCES FOR SUSTAINABLE LIFE STYLE
Unit 3:
ECOSYSTEM
Living organism:
Species:
Population:
Communities:
Food chain:
Carrying capacity:
Ecosystem/s:
Ecosystem Structure:
Biotic (LIVING) Component:
Abiotic (NON-LIVING) Component:
Major ecosystem include
Introduction:
Genetic Biodiversity:
Species Biodiversity:
Ecosystem Biodiversity:
BIOGEOPORAHICAL CLASSIFICATION OF INDIA
VALUE OF BIODIVERSITY
GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AT NATIONAL LEVEL (Indian Biodiversity):
INDIA AS A MEGA-DIVERSITY NATION:
HOT SPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY
THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY:
MAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICTS
Causes of Man-animal conflicts:
Remedial Measures to Curb the Conflict:
CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY:
AIR POLLUTION
Sources of Air Pollution:
Effects of Air pollution:
Control of Air Pollution:
NOISE POLLUTION:
Effects of Noise:
Control of noise pollution:
WATER POLLUTION
Sources of water pollution:
Ground water pollution:
Effects of Water Pollution:
Control of Water Pollution
THERMAL POLLUTION
Effects of Thermal Pollution:
Control of Thermal Pollution:
MARINE POLLUTION
Control of Marine Pollution
SOIL POLLUTION
Effects of Soil Pollution
Control of Soil Pollution
NUCLEAR HAZARDS
Control of Nuclear Pollution:
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Sources of Urban and Industrial wastes:
Effects of solid wastes:
For discarding wastes the following methods could be used:
ROLE OF AN INDIVIDUAL IN PREVENTION OF POLLUTION
Following are the practical hints for an individual to prevent pollution:
DISASTER MANAGEMENT:
Frequently occurring natural disasters in India
Sr.No.Type Location/area Affected
There are several causes for such disasters which include:
Following care should be taken as set of measures for Disaster Management:
FROM UNSUSTAINABLE TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Sustainable Development (Following aspects are to be highlighted)
Fundamentals of Environment and Sustainable Development
URBAN PROBLEMS RELATED TO ENERGY
WATER CONSERVATION:
WATERSHED MANAGEMENT:
RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION ISSUES:
REHABILITATION ISSUES:
Rehabilitation policy:
ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS:
a) Anthropocentric Worldview:
b) Eco-centric Worldview:
CLIMATE CHANGE:
GLOBAL WARMING:
GREEN HOUSE GASES:
Impacts of enhanced green house effect:
ACID RAIN
Effects of acid rain:
Control of Acid Rain:
WASTELAND RECLAMATION
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATIONS
Constitutional Provisions:
WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972
FOREST (CONSERVATION) ACT, 1980
WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1974
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB):
THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981
ENFORCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION: MAJOR ISSUES
PUBLIC ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS:
Methods to Propagate Environmental Awareness
ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs) :
POPULATION EXPLOSION:
FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMMES
FAMILY PLANNING:
The Indian Context:
HUMAN RIGHTS
FAMILY VALUES:
Society:
VALUE EDUCATION
Value based Environmental Education:
HIV/AIDS
Effects of HIV/AIDS on Environment:
WOMEN AND CHILD WELFARE
Women Welfare
Child Welfare:
ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH:
Database
REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
Unit 8
FIELD WORK
I. VISIT TO A LOCAL AREA TO DOCUMENT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSETS
A) STUDY OF RIVER ENVIRONMENT:
2. Water quality observations:
B) STUDY OF A FOREST:
C) ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF GRASSLAND:
D) STUDY OF MOUTAIN/HILLY AREA:
II. VISIT TO SOME LOCAL POLLUTED SITE
A) STUDY OF AN INDUSTRIALLY POLLUTED AREA:
STUDY OF COMMON PLANTS, INSECTS AND BIRDS
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Environ[1]. Studies

Environ[1]. Studies

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Published by Yash Verma

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Published by: Yash Verma on Aug 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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