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Henry David Thoreau - Wild Apples

Henry David Thoreau - Wild Apples

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Published by: saphito on Aug 03, 2011
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 Wild Apples
Henry David Thoreau
 A Penn State Electronic Classics Series Publication
Wild Apples
by Henry David Thoreau
is a publication of the Pennsylvania State University. ThisPortable Document file is furnished free and without any charge of any kind. Any person usingthis document file, for any purpose, and in any way does so at his or her own risk. Neither thePennsylvania State University nor Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, nor anyone associated with thePennsylvania State University assumes any responsibility for the material contained within thedocument or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way.
Wild Apples
by Henry David Thoreau
the Pennsylvania State University,
 Electronic Classics Se-ries
, Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, Hazleton, PA 18201-1291 is a Portable Document File producedas part of an ongoing student publication project to bring classical works of literature, in En-glish, to free and easy access of those wishing to make use of them.Cover Design: Jim ManisCopyright © 2003 The Pennsylvania State University
The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university.
3Henry David Thoreau
 Wild Apples
Henry David Thoreau
how closely the history of the Apple-tree is connected with that of man. The geologist tellsus that the order of the Rosaceae, which includes the Apple, also the true Grasses, and the Labiatae, or Mints, wereintroduced only a short time previous to the appearance of man on the globe.It appears that apples made a part of the food of that un-known primitive people whose traces have lately been foundat the bottom of the Swiss lakes, supposed to be older thanthe foundation of Rome, so old that they had no metallicimplements. An entire black and shrivelled Crab-Apple hasbeen recovered from their stores.Tacitus says of the ancient Germans that they satisfied theirhunger with wild apples, among other things.Niebuhr*observes that “the words for a house, a field, aplough, ploughing, wine, oil, milk, sheep, apples, and oth-ers relating to agriculture and the gentler ways of life, agreein Latin and Greek, while the Latin words for all objectspertaining to war or the chase are utterly alien from theGreek.” Thus the apple-tree may be considered a symbol of peace no less than the olive.The apple was early so important, and so generally distrib-uted, that its name traced to its root in many languages sig-nifies fruit in general. maelon (Melon), in Greek, means anapple, also the fruit of other trees, also a sheep and any cattle,and finally riches in general.The apple-tree has been celebrated by the Hebrews, Greeks,Romans, and Scandinavians. Some have thought that thefirst human pair were tempted by its fruit. Goddesses arefabled to have contended for it, dragons were set to watch it,and heroes were employed to pluck it.***A German historical critic of ancient life.**The Greek myths especially referred to are The Choice of Paris and The Apples of the Hesperides.

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