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Table Of Contents

1.1.1 Data identification
1.1.2 Quality assessment of the evidence
1.2 References
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Physical principles of laser action
2.2.1 Reflection
2.2.2 Scattering
2.2.3 Absorption
2.2.4 Extinction length
2.3 Historical use of lasers
2.3.1 Nd:YAG laser
2.3.2 Nd:YAG laser-based techniques
2.4 References
3. CONTEMPORARY LASER SYSTEMS
3.1 Introduction
3.2.1 Physical properties
3.2.1.1 Ablation capacity
3.2.1.2 Bleeding rate
3.2.1.3 Coagulation zone
3.2.2 Surgical technique of KTP/LBO lasers
3.2.3 Urodynamic results and symptom reduction
3.2.5 Conclusions and recommendations for the use of KTP and LBO lasers
3.2.6 References
3.3 Diode lasers
3.3.1 General aspects
3.3.3 Diode laser techniques
3.3.4 Clinical results
3.3.4.1 Urodynamical parameters, symptom score reduction, PSA reduction
3.3.5 Risk and complications, durability of results
3.3.5.1 Intra-operative complications
3.3.5.2 Early post-operative complications
3.3.5.3 Late complications
3.3.5.4 Practical considerations
3.3.5.5 Recommendation for prostate treatment with diode lasers
3.4 Holmium (Ho:YAG) laser
3.4.1 General aspects
3.4.2 Physical properties
3.4.3 Holmium laser techniques
3.4.4 Holmium laser vaporization (ablation) of the prostate (HoLAP)
3.4.5 Holmium laser resection of the prostate
3.4.6 Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate
3.4.7 Risk and complications, durability of results
3.4.8 Intra-operative complications
3.4.8.1 HoLAP
3.4.8.2 HoLRP
3.4.8.3 HoLEP
3.4.9 Early post-operative complications
3.4.9.1 HoLAP
3.4.9.2 HoLRP
3.4.9.3 HoLEP
3.4.10 Late complications
3.4.10.1 HoLAP
3.4.10.2 HoLRP
3.4.10.3 HoLEP
3.4.11 Practical considerations
3.4.12 Recommendations for holmium (Ho:YAG) laser treatment
3.4.13 References
3.5 Thulium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Tm:YAG) laser
3.5.1 Physical properties
3.5.1.1 Ablation capacity
3.5.1.2 Bleeding rate
3.5.1.3 Coagulation zone
3.5.2 Thulium laser techniques
3.5.2.1 Thulium laser vaporization of the prostate
3.5.2.2 Thulium laser resection of the prostate (ThuVARP)
3.5.2.3 Thulium laser vapoenucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP)
3.5.2.4 Thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP)
3.5.3 Risk and complications, durability of results
3.5.3.1 Intra-operative complications
3.5.3.2 Early post-operative complications
3.5.3.3 Late complications and retreatment rate
3.5.4 Conclusions and recommendations for use of thulium:YAG lasers
3.5.5 References
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Clinical application and results
4.3 Conclusions and recommendations for laser treatment of bladder cancer
4.4 References
5. APPLICATIONS OF LASERS IN LAPAROSCOPY/ ENDOSCOPY
5.1 Laser-assisted partial nephrectomy
5.1.1 Introduction
5.1.2 Clinical application and results
5.1.3 Conclusions about laser-assisted partial nephrectomy
5.2 Laser-assisted laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (LNSRP)
6. RENAL TUMOUR LASER INTERSTITIAL ABLATION
6.1 Conclusions and recommendation for laser treatment of small renal masses
6.2 References
7. RETROGRADE LASER ENDOURETEROTOMY
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Clinical application and results
7.3 Conclusions and recommendations for retrograde laser endoureterotomy
7.4 References
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24_Lasers and Technologies

24_Lasers and Technologies

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Published by: johnpmooney on Aug 04, 2011
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01/08/2013

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