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Vanguard 23 - British Tanks in North Africa 1940-1942

Vanguard 23 - British Tanks in North Africa 1940-1942

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Published by wolfram67
Historia de los tanques de fabricacion britanica en el norte de africa durante la 2GM
Historia de los tanques de fabricacion britanica en el norte de africa durante la 2GM

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Published by: wolfram67 on Aug 04, 2011
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03/23/2013

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VANGUARD
SERIES
ED
ITOR
:
MARTI
NWI
NDROW
BRITISH
TANKS
in
N.AFRICA
1940-42
Text
by
BRYAN
PERRETT
Colour
plates
by
PET
ER
SARSON
and
TO
NY
BRYAN
OSPREY
PUBLISHING
LONDON
JFF
87-375
 
Chronology
June
]940
It
aly
decla
res
war
on
Great
Britain (10
th
).
7th
Armoured
Divisionbegins
har
a
ssi
ng
opera
tions
aga
inst
It
aliansalongE
gyptian-
Li
byan
bor
der
(
11
th
);
dur
i
ng
next
th
ree
months
the
Britishinfli
ct
more
t
han
3,000casu
alt
ies,
and
suffer150.
Septe:rnber1940
Italians
invade
E
gypt
(13th);
they
reach
SidiB
arrani
(18th)a
ndha
lttoconsolidatewith
chai
n
of
f
ort
i
fi
ed
camps.
December
]940
Opera
tion
'C
ompa
ss' (9th):7th
Armd.Di
v.
isolates
Sidi
Barrani;
4th
Ind
ia
n Div.,
spdtr
headed
by
7thRoyalTankRegiment, storms
c
am
ps
at
N
ibeiwa,
Tummar
West,
Tummar
Centraland
Tummar
East.
4th
In
dia
nDiv.
and
7
RTR
stormSidiBa
rrani(l
oth).Italians
aba
n
do
n
Rab
ia,Sofafi
camps
and
withdraw
towards
f
ron
ti
er
(II
th).7th
Armd
.Div.
pu
rsue;actionwith rea
rg
uar
d
at
Buq-Buq(12th).
January
1941
6t
hAustr
alian
Div
.
and
7
RTR
stormBar
dia3
rd
-5th),
To
bruk
(2Ist
-22n
d).
I
talians
abandon
def
ence
line
ba
sed on
Wadi
De
rna, withdraw
through
B
engh
azi(
28th).
Silhouetted
agains
t
th
e
ea
rlymorning
sky,
Matilda
s
of
7
RTR
attack
t
he
Sidi
Barraniperitneter
on
10
o..celnber
1
94
0'
(
Im.perial
War
Museum._as are
all
photographs
not
s
pecificall
y
cr
e
ditedelsewher
e)
February
1941
7th
Armd
.Div.
cuts
across
'Benghazi
B
ulge'
,bloc
ks
It
a
li
anr
etreatat
B
eda
F
omm
(5th
);
I
talians
attempt
to
br
ea
k
through
w
ithout
success;
6th
Australian
Div.closes
in
from
nort
h,
entering
B
enghazi
(6th).I
ta
li
an
armysurrend
ers(7th
).
February
-
March,
increasedLuftwaffe a
ctiv
ity
over
N.
Af
ri
ca;
advance
elements
of
Ro
mmel's
Afrika
Korps
arrive
inTripoli
tania.
March
1941
R
ommel
atta
cks,
break
i
ng
thro
ugh
British
at
EI
Agheila
to
cut
across
Benghazi
Bulge (24
th).
April
1941
B
enghazi,Msu
s
evac
uat
ed(4th);fragmented
2
ndArmd.
Div.
beaten
in
deta
il
and
never
re
-formed(
5th
-
6th
);
Gen.Sir
Richard
O'Connor
captured,
D
erna
falls (7th).
9t
h
AustralianDiv
.
encircled
inT
obruk
(13th);
German
attackrep
ulsed(14th).
Romm
el takes
Ha
lfaya Pass
on
E
gyptian
frontier
(25th)
and
captures
Sollum (28th
).Axis
domina
tion
of
frontier
zone
com
pl
et
e.
May
1941
Op
era
tion 'Brevity'
(1
5th
):
H
alfaya
,Sollumt
empor
ar
ily r
ecaptured,
but
operation
failselse
where
.3
 
8th
Hu
nan
Mk
VIB,
hs
mu1tipl
e
p"DDant.
id.,..,tuyiDg "
navigator
'.
t.nk_."'"
s
un
compa
bracket.
Some
lUlits
pref
e
rred
tm
.
method
to
th
.
DlO
...
cony
.
ntional
hlu
.
or
long
hlack O.g,
a.
being
l.. n
ohvious
to
th
...
n
emy,the..pennants
m
ay
be
in
gr
...
nfbl.ck/g
.....
n,
with
th
.
top
on
.
in
y .
Oow
unit
s ..
niority
co
lour
.
June
1941
Operation
'Battleaxe'(15th
-17t
h):British re
pul
sed
at
Halfaya andSollum,
but
take
Fort
Capuzzo.
In
so
uth
, 7th
Armd
.Bde. d
ri
ve
toward
s
Tobruk
blun
ted,
and
weakenedbymechanical
proble
ms
of
Cruisertanks. Britishsuccessfullydisengage,
withdfaw
intoEgypt.
Each
side losesapprox. roo tanks,
butDAKab
le
to
recover most
of
theirs.
July
1941
Gen.
Wave
II,
unfairlyb
lam
ed for failuresin
Greece
and
du
ri
ng 'Battl
eaxe',
replacedby
Gen.
Sir
Cla
u
de
Auchinleck as C-in-C
Middle
East
(I
st
).
November
1941
Operation
'C
rusader',
torelieve
Tobrukan
ddestroy Axis inLibya,begins
(!
8th
). British
armour
comprises7th
Armd.Div
.withthree
armd.bdes·
-
4th
,7
th
,22nd-in 30Corps;
1St
Army
Tank
Bde.
supporting
13
Corps
on
coast;
and
32nd
Arm
y
Tank
Ede.l
eadi
ng
Tobrukga
rrison
break-out.
22nd
Armd.Bd
e.figh
ts
It
alian
A
ritle
Armd.Div
. inconclusivelynear
Bi
r
eI
Gubi
(
19
th
). '
Multi
-layer'tank
battle
deve
lops
SE
of
Sidi
Rezegh
,le
aving
British
armour
weakened
and
inconfusion(2ISt
-2
3rd
);but
Tobrukgarr
isonconso
lidat
es
gains.
Romm
el
attempts
toprovoke
withdrawal byraid
into British rea
r-
'the
Dash to the
Wire'
(
24th
);but
British
com-
4
Briti
sh
Operational
Code
Names
'Aberdeen''Battleaxe' '
Br
evity''
Buli
mba' ...'Com
pass
'...'Crusader'... 'Fullsize' ...'Light
foot
''Manhood''Sentinel'...'Sinbad'
..
'Splendour''Supercharge'
8th
Army'sattack
on
theCauldron,4/s
june
1
942
Wavell'sattempttore
lieve
Tobruk,June1941 Attemptto regain
co
ntrolofEgyptianfrontier zone,May
1941
Australian altack withValentinetanksupport,Sept.
1942.
Attack
on
ItalianpositionsatSidiBarrani,Dec.
1940
ReliefofTobrukand recoveryofCyrenaica, Nov.-D
ec.
1941
50
th
Di
v.and 1tArmd. D
iv
.attack under
[3
Corps,
18(19
March
194
.2,
to
neutralise
Axis
airfields
as
Maltaconvoy passes;
8
RTR
anddummy tankuni
ts
involvedOpeningp
hase
ofSeco
nd
Alamein,October
194230
Corps attack
us
i
ng
elements of23rdArm.Bde. and 'A'Force deceptionunits,
26
July1
942
Deceptionscheme
to
createimpression oflargeAug.(Sept.
1942
reinforcements inrear
of
hard-pressed8thArmy'A'Force deception opera
tio
nto
test
Ax
is
strength in
Bir
Tegenderarea,
2g-30
Apr
il
[942
[3
Corps attack,
22
July
194
2
Break-outphaseof SecondAlamein,
Nov.
1942
mand
refuses to
panic
and
usesrespite tore
organi
se.Ledby44
RTR
in
brilliant
night
attack,
2nd
NZ
Div. links
up
with
Tobruk
garrison(26th).
Alarmed,
Romm
el
returns
fromfrontier(27th)
i
Axistroopsare
gradually
forcedto
abandon
rest
of
their siege
perimeter
(27th-
5thDec.).

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