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Nsa Aliens Spy

Nsa Aliens Spy

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Published by jedimalaga
Documento filtrado de la NSA sobre contactos extraterrestres.
Documento filtrado de la NSA sobre contactos extraterrestres.

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Published by: jedimalaga on Aug 04, 2011
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DOCID:
3052333
FOROFFICIAL
USE
ONLY
LambrosD.Callimahos
Communication
with
Extraterrestrial
Intelligence
We
arenotalonein
the
universe.A
few
yearsago,thisnotionseemedfarfetched;today,theexistence
of
extraterrestrialintelligence
is
takenforgranted
by
mostscientists.Even
the
staidNationalAcademy
of
Scienceshasgoneonrecord
that
contactwithothercivilizations"isnolongersomethingbeyondourdreamsbutanaturaleventin
the
history
of
mankindthatwillperhapsoccurinthelifetime
of
many
of
us."SirBernardLovell,one
of
theworld'sleadingradioastronomers,hascalculatedthat,evenallowingforamargin
of
error
of
5000%,
theremustbeinourgalaxyabout
100
millionstarswhichhaveplanets
of
theright
chemistry,dimensions,andtemperature
to
supportorganicevolution.
If
we
consider
that
ourowngalaxy,theMilky
Way,
is
butone
of
atleastabillionothergalaxiessimilartooursintheobservableuniverse,thenumber
of
stars
that
couldsupportsomeform
of
life
is,
toreachforaword,astronomical.
As
to
advancedforms
of
life-advanced
by
ourownmiserableearth
standards-Dr.
Frank
D.Drake
of
theNationalRadioAstronomyObservatoryatGreenBank,WestVirginia,hasstatedthat,puttingallourknowledgetogether,thenumber
of
civilizationswhichcouldhavearisen
by
now
is
aboutonebillion.
The
nextquestion
is,
"Where
is
everybody?"
The
nearestneighbor
to
our
solarsystem
is
AlphaCentauri,only
4.3
lightyearsaway;but,accordingtoDr.Su-ShuHuang
of
theNationalAeronauticsandSpaceAdministration,itsplanetarysystem
is
probablytooyoungfortheemergence
of
life.
Two
otherheavenlyfriends,EpsilonEridaniand
Tau
Ceti,about
11
lightyearsaway,arestrongercontendersforharboringlife.Nevertheless,
if
superiorcivilizationsare
a b u ~ d a n t ,
the
Thisarticle
was
given
as
alectureattheCosmosClubinWashingtonearlierthisyear.
4FOROFFICIAL
USE
ONLY
nearestwouldprobablybeatleast100lightyearsaway;thereforeitwouldtake200yearsforareply
to
beforthcoming,asmallmatter
of
sevengenerations.Thisshould,however,makelittledifferenceto
us,
inview
of
theenormouspotentialgainfrom
our
contactwithasuperiorcivilization.Unless
we
areterriblyconceited(averyunscientificdemeanor),
we
mustassumethatthe
"others"
arefarmoreadvancedthan
we
are.Evena50yeargapwouldbetremendous;a500-yeargapstaggerstheimagination,and
as
fora5000-yeargap
...
(Bytheway,
if
theyareasmuch
as
50
years
behind
us,forgetit!)
It
is
quitepossiblethat..others"havesatelliteprobesinspace,retransmittingto
"them"
anything
that
soundsnonrandomtotheprobe.Buttheyhaveprobablycalled
us
severalthousandyearsago,andarewaitingforananswer;orworseyet,theyhavegivenup;or,more
probably,theyhavereachedsuch
impressive
technologicaladvances
that
theyhavedestroyedthemselves.Inthisconnection,ProfessorIosifShklovsky,Russia'sgreatestradioastronomer,hascitedtheprofoundcriseswhichlieinwaitforadevelopingcivilization,anyone
of
whichmaywellprovefatal:(1)Self-destruction
as
aresult
of
athermonuclearcatastropheorsomeotherdiscoverywhichmayhaveunpredictableanduncontrollableconsequences;(2)Geneticdanger;(3)Overproduction
of
information;(4)Restrictedcapacity
of
theindividual'sbrain,
which
canleadtoexcessivespecialization,
with
consequentdangers
of
degeneration;and(5)Acrisisprecipitated
by
thecreation
of
artificialintelligentbeings.EpsilonEridaniandTauCetiwerethetargetsonwhichDr.Drakefocussedhis'attentioninthespring
of
 
DOCID:
3052333
POR:
OffICIAL
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1960
inProjectOzma,anattempttodetectpossibleintelligentsignalsfromouterspace.
The
frequencyselectedforlisteningwas
1420.405752
megacyclespersecond,
or
awavelength
of
21
em.
This
particularfrequency,postulatedindependently
by
twoprofessorsonthefaculty
of
CornellUniversity,GiuseppeCocconiandPhilipMorrison,happens
to
betheradiationfrequency
of
atomicorfreehydrogenwhichpermeatesspaceingreatclouds;moreover,thisfrequency
is
withintherange
of
radiofrequenciesable
to
passthroughtheearth's
atmosphere.Presumably,
the
significance
of
this
frequencywouldbeknown
to
otherintelligentbeingsintheuniversewhounderstandradiotheory.
We
arestilltalkingaboutradiowaves
as
thecommunicationmedium;otherpossiblemediamightbemasers,lasers,orthe
as
yetundiscoveredandunnamed"rasers."Atechnologysuperiortooursmightevenhavelearnedhowtomodulateabeam
of
neutrinos(weightless,unchargedparticles
that
physicistsonearthfind
it
difficulteventodetect);
if
so,
"they"
mayhavetowaitacenturyortwobeforewelearnhowtobuildaneutrinoreceiver.
The
growingpresumptionthatlifeexistsinotherworldsled,in
1971,
toasix-nationmultidisciplinaryconferenceheldinSovietArmenia
on
CommunicationwithExtraterrestrialIntelligence.
The
U.S.delegation
of
abouttwodozenscientistswasheaded
by
Dr.CarlSagan
of
theCenterforRadiophysicsandSpaceResearchatCornellUniversity.
The
report
of
thisconference,publishedin
1973
by
MIT,
dealswithsuchsubjects
as
theevolution
of
intelligence,
the
lifetimes
of
technicalcivilizations,andthenumber
of
advancedgalacticcivilizations.LastNovembera
group
of
scientistsatAreciboObservatoryinPuertoRicosentathree-minutemessagebeamedatMessier13,andthisrepresented
man's
first
attempt
to
takethe
initiative
in
communicatingwithanothercivilization.
The
projectwasconductedbytheNationalAstronomyandIonosphereCenter,whichoperatestheAre"iboObservatoryfor
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000
000
100
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000
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001
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100
101
100
101
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100100
10
000
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01
100
001
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000
000000001111
101
00
o
000000000000000000100000000
000
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100
o
00000000101
101
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00001111
101
o
0000000000000000000000000001
000
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000
100111000
000
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000
o
0000010
100
100001
100
101011
100
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000
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000000101
001
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001
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000
o
000000010
101
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000101
0
000
00000101
000
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000
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000
100
1
000
100
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100
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101
100
11
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000
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100
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000
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000
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000
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000
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o
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100
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001
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000
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o
100000101000001
000
100
000
0100000000
001
00
000
100001110000100000100000100
000
0000010
000
01
000
1
000
1
000
100
000
10000011
000
1100
001
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00001
000
10001
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000
0000011000001
101
1
000
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111
Figure
1
FOR
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USE
ONLTt
5
 
DOCID:
3052333
FOR
ORICIAL
USE
ONLY
.'"
.
.
.
.
....
..
....
..
..
CornellUniversityand
the
NationalScienceFoundation.Messier
13
is
acluster
of
300,000
stars
on
theedge
of
theMilky
Way,
24,000
lightyearsaway,so
if
themessage
is
receivedandansweredpromptly,unlesswehappentohitthemon
one
of
theirthree-dayholidaysweshouldhavetheiranswerin
48,000
years,giveortakeadayortwo.Actually,themainpurpose
of
theexperimentwastodramatizethecapabilities
of
the
world'slargestantennaattheAreciboObservatory.
If
anothercivilizationweretryingtoestablishcommunicationwithus,itwouldfirstembarkonattention-gettingsignals
of
suchanature
that
wecoulddistinguishthemfromrandomcosmicnoise;oncewereceivearecognizablesignal,wehaveagoodchance
of
u'nderstanding
the
message.Forexample"theycouldstartwithtrains
of
signalscorresponding
to
the
naturalnumber1,
2,
3
...
,followedperhapsbyprimenumbers.
They
mightcontinuewithequal-lengthextendedsignalsconsisting
of
startandstopimpulses,withoccasionalpulsesinbetween;whenthesesignalsarealignedflushoveroneanother,theywouldshowacircle,the
••
••
•••••
.
••
PythagoreanTheorem,orsimilargeometricdesign.Theseattention-gettingsignalswouldbefollowed
by
what
amountstoearly"languagelessons,"interspersedwithitems
of
technicalinformationtohelpbring
us
uptothelevel
of
oursuperiors,
"them."
Itmaybeassumed
that
the
sense
of
sight,oranequivalent,
is
possessed
by
allhigher'forms
of
life;theproblems
of
communicationcouldthusbegreatly
simplified
throughthe
medium
of
a
"raster"
representationsuch
as
that
of
atelevisionscreen.Afteraconferenceheldat
GreenBank
in
1961
todiscussthepossibility
of
communicationwith
other
planets,one
of
theparticipants,Bernard
M.
Oliver,madeupahypotheticalmessageontherasterprinciple.
The
message,consisting
of
1271binarydigits
or
"bits,"
is
showninFigure
1.
Since1271hasbuttwoprimefactors,31and
41,
wewouldnaturallybelead
to
writeoutthemessageinrasterform,in41lines
of
31bitseach,orin31lines
of
41bitseach;thelattercaserevealsagreaternonni.ndomnessinthepatternsdisclosed,indicatingthatthesearethecorrectdimensions.InFigure2
is
shownthe
...
.
.
.......
.
..
..
.
••
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••
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••
•••••
.
.
..,.
I
I
II
I.:
••••
·I·a·.
.·'·1·
I:
I
1··1
.:.
·
r
i
···'··1
·1:1·
..
···
.1
••1
I..
I.
••
••
••••••
••
••
·
••
·
••
·
••••
••
·
••
·
'
:1
.
..
.
..
...
.
.
...
.
....
.
....
...
.
...
.
.
..
.
.
.
-
...
.
Figure2

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