ABSTRACT OF SOME SAFETY LAWS
Only an abstract (short summary) of some Acts and Rules is given below.
For full details the statutebooks must be referred. For the Factories Act and Rules Chapter-27 should be referred
Laws on Boiler Safety:Boilers Act, 1923
The Boilers Act (No. 5 of 1923) was notified on 4-12-1923 and came into force from 1-1-1924. It has 34sections.Section 2 of the Act defines as under:
Means any closed vessel exceeding 22.75 litres in capacity which is used expressly for generating steam under pressure and includes any mounting or other fitting attached to such vessel whichis wholly or partly under pressure when steam is shut off.
means any part of a feed-pipe that is wholly or partially exposed to the action of flue gas for the purpose of recovery of waste heat.
means any pipe of connected fitting wholly or party under pressure through whichfeed water passes directly to a boiler and which does not form an integral part thereof.
means any pipe through which stream passes from a boiler to a prime mover or other user or both if (i) The pressure at which steam passes through such pipe exceeds 3.5 kg/cm
aboveatmospheric pressure or (ii) Such pipe exceeds 254 mm in internal diameter and includes, in either caseany connected fitting of a steam pipe.
as defined u/s 2(9) means an explosion of a boiler or steam pipe or any damage to a boiler or steam pipe which is calculated to weaken the strength thereof so as to render it liable to explode.The Act applies to feed pipes, steam pipes and economisers as defined above. The Act does notapply to steam-ship and sterilise or disinfect of a type such as is commonly used in hospitals if the boiler does not exceed 91 litres in capacity.Unregistered or uncertified boiler shall not be used save as otherwise provided in the Act. Prior sanction of the Chief Inspector is necessary before carrying out any structural alteration, addition or renewal in or to any boiler or steam pipe. Any accident to a boiler or steam pipe shall be reported to theInspector within 24 hours. His report shall be in form E (Rule 48). This Form is very inadequate andneeds further details to be added. See Part 3.8 of Chapter-19.Section 27A provides to form a
Central Boiler Board
consisting of members, not exceeding 15,and nominating by the Central Government the representatives from the Central Government, Unionterritories, Railways, Coal industry, ISI, Boiler manufacturing industry, Users and other interests. Eachstate will also nominate a senior technical officer conversant with inspection and examination of boilers.Section 28 provides power and matters of regulations by the Board. Sec. 28A and 29 are for the rulemaking power of Central and State Govt. respectively.Central Boilers Board makes and notifies regulations consistent with this Act. The main duties of the Boiler Inspector are the inspection and examination of boilers and steam-pipes in accordance withchapter IX of the Regulations and Chapter IV and V of the Gujarat Boiler Rules 1966. Reduction of pressure can be suggested. Sanction for repairs to boilers shall be obtained beforehand. Provisionalorders should be issued after hydraulic tests.
Gujarat Boiler Rules, 1966
These rules were notified and came into force on 20-10-1966. They have 162 rules, of which R.73 to 136repealed, and Forms A to D.The Chief Inspector shall issue instructions to owners for safe working of boilers. Form C under rule 8 provides such instructions regarding precautions before starting the fires, raising steam, pressuregauge, steam pressure, safety valve, low water safety valve, water gauges, blow-off cock, scum cock,manhole and other door joints, steam pipes, scale and grease, wear and tear, scale removal. treatment of