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Slab Design

# Slab Design

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06/12/2014

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CHAPTER 3SLAB
3.1

INTRODUCTION
Reinforced concrete slabs are one of the most widely used structural elements. In manystructures, in addition to providing a versatile and economical method of supporting gravityloads, the slab also forms an integral portion of the structural frame to resist lateral forces.Usually a slab is a broad, flat plate, with top and bottom surfaces parallel or nearly so. It may besupported by reinforced concrete beams, by masonry or reinforced concrete walls, by structuralsteel members, directly by columns, or continuously by the ground.
3.2

TYPES OF SLAB

One-way slab

:
Independent of support condition. (Figure 3.1a 3.1b)
21
> 2;

Two-way slab :
Depends on support condition
.
(Figure 3.1c)
21

2(a) One- way slab
Figure 3.1:
Types of slab
21
>2

1
2
21

>
2

SLAB
15
Two-way slabs are classified as:

Two-way edge supported slab or slab with beams. ( Figure 3.1d )

Two-way column supported slab or slab without beams. ( Figure 3.1e,3.1f, 3.1g )(f) Flat slab(Column supported slab)(d) Slab with beams(Edge supported slab)(b) One- way slab(g) Grid slab(Column supported slab)(e) Flat plate(Column supported slab)(c) Two- way slab
1
2
1
2
Figure 3.1:
Types of slab (continued)

SLAB
16

3.3

DESIGN OF ONE-WAY SLABStep 1: Estimation of Slab Thickness (h)
Slab thickness is determined according to
ACI Code 9.5.2

as given in Table 3.1
Table 3.1:
Minimum thickness of non-prestressed one- way slabMembers w
c
= 145 pcf
y
= 60.000 psiw
c
=90
120 pcf
y
<60.000 psior,f
y
>60.000 psiRounding upthe thicknessSimply supported
l/
20

One end continuous
l/
24

Both end continuous
l/
28

Cantilever
l/
10

Multiply by(1.65-0.005w
c
) but > 1.09Multiply by0.4 +
000,100
y
f
(1) h
6 in nexthigher ¼ in(2) h > 6 in nexthigher ½ in# Span length
is in inches, as defined by ACI
Code 8.7

given in Fig. 3.2(a), (b), & (c)
Step 2 : Calculation of Factored Load (w
u
)
w
u
= 1.4

D+ 1.7

c
x
12
h
psf w
c =
Unit weight of concrete (145 ~ 150 pcf for normal weight concrete )