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Penguin Books is That What You Mean 2

Penguin Books is That What You Mean 2

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PAUL
HANCOCK
 
PENGUINENGLISHPubli.hebythePenguinGroupPenguinBooksLtd,27WrightsLane,LondonW~5TZ,EnglandPenguinBooksUSAInc.,37.1HudsonStreet,NewYork,NewYorklDOH,USAPenguinBooks.AustraliaLtd,Ringwood,Victoria,AustraliaPenguinBooksCanadaLtd,
JOALcon>
Avenue,Toronto,Ontario,CanadaM4-V3B2PenguinBo()'"(NZ)Ltd,\(12-190WairauRoad,Auckland10,NewZealandPenguinBooksLtd,RegisteredOffices:
Harrnondsworth,
Middlesex,EnglandFirstpublished19921098765432ITextcopyright
©
PaulHancock,1992Illustrationscopyright
©
CliveCollins,1992Allrightsreserved
Themoralrlghtofrheauthorandillustratorhasbeenasserted
DesignedhyDV,DesignPartnershipLtdlII"'\Tatlon>byCliwC,,1lin~PrintedandboundinGr~atBritainby
EPCe
HazellsLtdExceptintheUnitedStatesofAmerica,thisbookissoldsubjecttotheconditionthat
it
shallnot,
by
wayor-tradeorotherwise,heIcnt,
re-sold,hiredout")orotherwisecirculatedwithuulthe
puhlisher"spriorconsentinanyform
of
bindingorcov·r:rotherthan
thatinwhich
it
ispublishedandwithoutasimilarcondition
includingthisconditionbeingimposr:donthesubsequent
pu
rohaser
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Withpanicularacknowledgement
to
PaulDllmmetforprovidingmate-rialandhelpingtogetthebookfinished.ThanksalsotoChrisSnowdonandMichaelNationfortheirpatience;Kath,PhilippaandSarah
lOT
theirkindness;Johnforhisperseverance:andthestall'andprincipalr,fGodmerHouseSchou]orEng~ish
lortheir
continuing
support.
Introduction
UnitOne
PracticeAPracticeBPractice
C
Practice
D
UnitTwo
Practice
A
Practice
B
PracticeCPractice
D
Unit
Three
Practice
A
Practice
B
Practice
C
Practice
D
UnitFour
PracticeAPractice
B
Practice
C
Practice
D
UnitFive
PracticeAPractice
B
PracticeCPracticeD
AnswersIndexofIdioms
CONTENTS
IV
2122
23
24
25
454647
4849
69
7071
72
73
93
94
95
96
97117
118119
120
121
132
 
INTRODUCTION
TotheStudent
Anidiomaticexpressionisagroupoftwoormorewordswhichcannotbeunderstoodsimplybyknowingthemeaningofeachseparateword-ithasaspecialmeaningwhichspeakersofthelanguageunderstand.MostlearnersofEnglishwanttoandneedtolearnsomeidiomaticexpressionsbecausetheyaresuchanimportantpartofthereallanguagewespeak.ThereareagreatmanyidiomsintheEnglishlanguage,anditisdifficultfornon-nativespeakerstoknowwhichexpressionsarereallyuseful.Manyidiomssoundquiteold-fashionedastheyarenotreallyusedverymuchbyEnglishspeakers.Someexpressionsaresoinformalorcolloquialthatitwouldsoundstrange
if
aforeignspeakerusedthem.Theexpressionsusedinthisbookhave,therefore,beenchosenbecausetheyareoftenusedbyEnglishspeakers,andcanalsobeusedquitenaturallybyforeignlearners.However,learningandusingidiomscorrectlyisnoteasy.Thereistheproblemofgettingthemright.Anidiomaticexpressionmustbeusedabsolutelycorrectly.
If
youmakeeventhesmallestmistake,theidiomaticexpressionnolongerhasitsspecialmeaning.
It
willactuallymeanjustwhatthewordssay,whichissometimesverystrange!Thefirstpictureofeachexampleinthisbookwillshowyouthisandwillhelptostopyoufrommakingmistakes.Makingyouawareofthesemistakesandcorrectingthemwillmakesurethatyoulearntheidiominitscorrectform.It'softennoteasytounderstandexactlywhatanidiommeans.Thesecondpictureofeachexampleinthisbookwillhelptomakethemeaningclear.Somemoreexplanationoftheidiomisgivenundereachofthesepictures.Whenyoucheckthecorrectanswer,noticewhichword(s)isstressedwhentheidiomisspoken.ExerciseAineachunitgivesfurtherpracticeinlearningtheidiomsintheircorrectform.ExerciseBineachunitwillcheckthatyouunderstandwhichidiomiscorrectforeachcontext.
\
Besuretorememberthatverymanyidiomsareinformalandthatyoushouldn'ttrytousetheminaformalcontext,e.g.
writing
alettertoabankmanagerortheprincipalofaschool.YoumightthinkthatitwouldshowthatyourEnglishisverygood
if
youusedanidiominasituationlikethis,butitcanoftensoundwrong.Inthisbook,therefore,youwillbegivenawayofexpressingtheseideasinamoreformalway.ExerciseCineachunitgivesyoupracticeindecidingwhetheridiomssoundcorrectindifferentcontexts.ExerciseDisforstudentswhoareworkinginaclass.
It
givesyoutheopportunitytousetheidiomsthatyouhavelearntbytalkingaboutyourpersonalexperienceswithsomeone.
If
youareusingthebookforself-study,theanswerstoalltheexercisescanbecheckedbyusingtheAnswerssectionatthebackofthebook.Thisisthebestwaytouseeachunitofthebook:1.Lookatthepicturesandexplanationsandcorrectthemistakes.2.Lookattheanswersinthebackofthebooktocheckthatyouranswersarecorrect.3.DothefirstpracticeexerciseA.Lookagainatthepicturesandexplanations
if
youarenotsureifthepracticesentencesarerightorwrong.Correctthesentenceswhicharewrong.4.CheckyouranswerstoexerciseAinthebackofthebook.5.DothepracticeexerciseB.Lookatthepicturesandexplanationsagainifyouarenotsurewhattowrite.6.Checkyouranswersinthebackof
the
book.7.DothepracticeexerciseC.Again,lookattheexplanationsifyouarenotsurewhichanswertochoose.8.Checkyouranswersinthebackofthebook.ExerciseDisforclassroomuseonly.
TotheTeacher
Theintroductiontothestudentexplainsthevalueof
IsThatWhatYouMean,Too?
tolearnersofEnglishwhowouldliketoget

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