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The Impact Evaluation Series has been established in recognition o the importance o impact evaluation studies or World Bank operations and or development in general. The series serves as a vehicle or the dissemination o fndings o those studies. Papers in this series are part o the Bank’s Policy Research Working Paper Series. The papers carry the names o the authors and should be cited accordingly. The fndings,interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those o the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views o the International Bank or Reconstruction and Development/World Bank and its afliated organizations, or those o the Executive Directors o the World Bank or the governments they represent.
This paper provides evidence o the eects o a large-scale intervention that ocuses on the quality o nutritional and child care inputs during the early stageso lie. The empirical strategy uses a combinationo double-dierence and weighting estimators in alongitudinal survey to address the purposive placemento participating communities and estimate the eect o the availability o the program at the community levelon nutritional outcomes. The authors fnd that theprogram helped 0-5 year old children in the participatingcommunities to bridge the gap in weight or age z-scoresand the incidence o underweight. The program also hadsignifcant eects in protecting long-term nutritionalThis paper—a product o the Poverty Team, Development Research Group—is part o a larger eort in the departmentto promote rigorous impact evaluations o anti-poverty programs. Policy Research Working Papers are also posted on the Web at http://econ.worldbank.org. The author may be contacted at email@example.com (height or age z-scores and incidence o stunting) against an underlying negative trend in theabsence o the program. Importantly, the eect o the program exhibits substantial heterogeneity: gainsin nutritional outcomes are larger or more educatedmothers and or villages with better inrastructure. Theprogram enables the analysis to isolate responsivenessto inormation provision and disentangle the eecto knowledge in the education eect on nutritionaloutcomes. The results are suggestive o importantcomplementarities among child care, maternal education,and community inrastructure.