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Strength of Materials- Stresses in Thin Walled Cylinder- Hani Aziz Ameen

# Strength of Materials- Stresses in Thin Walled Cylinder- Hani Aziz Ameen

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07/26/2013

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Strength of Materials
Handout No.10Stresses in Thin Walled Cylinder

Asst. Prof. Dr. Hani Aziz AmeenTechnical College- BaghdadDies and Tools Eng. Dept.

Strength of material- Handout No. 10- Stresses in Thin Walled Cylinder- Dr. Hani Aziz Ameen
10-1 Introduction
A cylindrical tank carrying a gas or fluid under the pressure of P[Mpa] is subjected to tensile forces which resist the bursting forcedeveloped across longitudinal and transverse section.
10-2 Stresses in Thin Walled Cylinder
There are thick wall and thin wall pressure vessels the thicknessmay be specified for each type by :
i
d201t thin wall pressure vesselswhere d
i
inner diameter of the tanks.Let us , taken an element from the wall of the thin cylinder, as shown inFig(10-1) .For more detials

Strength of material- Handout No. 10- Stresses in Thin Walled Cylinder- Dr. Hani Aziz Ameen
B=Pds
1
ds
2
where P is the internal pressure in the cylinder
1
. Hoop stress (circumferential stress)
2
. Longitudinal stressNow , project each side of element as shown in Fig (10-2)Fig(10-2)Force in the direction of the force B= 0P ds
1
ds
2
- 2
12
tds
sin02dsindst2 2d
1212
..(10-1)For small angle , it can be gotd
222111
dsd ds and sin2d2dsin&2d2d
1122
hence Eq(10-1) will beP ds
1
ds
2
- 0ds dstdsdst
11212212
It can be simplified to get :

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