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Comma Handout 2

Comma Handout 2

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Published by Noel Studio

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Published by: Noel Studio on Aug 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/10/2014

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Commonly Needed Commas2011
1.
Commas after introductory elements
CLUE: Look for sentences that begin with connection words or phrases (on, at, in,after, before, by, despite, since, although, however, while, if, since, unfortunately).
Incorrect:
However Bob was right when he said carrots were good.
Correct:
However, Bob was right when he said carrots were good.
Incorrect:
Unfortunately Bob was wrong when he said apples were good.
Correct:
Unfortunately, Bob was wrong when he said apples were good.
Incorrect:
Despite what Bob said I still think tomatoes are gross.
Correct:
Despite what Bob said, I still think tomatoes are gross.
2. Commas to set off parenthetical or transitional expressions
CLUE: Look for words or phrases such as
however, furthermore, for example,moreover, on the other hand,
or
incidentally 
in the middle of sentences.
Incorrect:
My mother on the other hand loves tomatoes.
Correct:
My mother, on the other hand, loves tomatoes.
Incorrect:
Shark attacks for example rarely occur.
Correct:
Shark attacks, for example, rarely occur.
3. Commas to separate independent clauses (complete thoughts) when they are joined by the following conjunctions:
 
and, or, but, so, yet, nor,
or
for 
Incorrect:
I finished studying for the test so I went to bed.
Correct:
I finished studying for the test, so I went to bed.
Incorrect:
He went to school but he was not happy about it.
Correct:
He went to school, but he was not happy about it.
Incorrect:
I went to London and I went to Paris.
Correct:
I went to London, and I went to Paris.
4. Commas to separate nonessential words or phrases from the rest of a sentence
CLUE: Often, these words or phrases provide extra information about the subject.
Incorrect:
My son a five-year-old male is watching television.
Correct:
My son, a five-year-old male, is watching television.
Incorrect:
The Smurfs who are blue played golf yesterday.
Correct:
The Smurfs, who are blue, played golf yesterday.
Incorrect:
Ms. Smith my teacher loves poetry.
Correct:
Ms. Smith, my teacher, loves poetry.
5. Commas to set off adjective and adverb clauses
CLUE: Look for words like
which
or
while
in the middle of sentences.
Incorrect:
I went to the Studio yesterday which is located inside of the library.
Correct:
I went to the Studio yesterday, which is located inside of the library.
Incorrect:
I prefer blue while she prefers green.
Correct:
I prefer blue, while she prefers green.

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