Linguistics for Teachers and Writers
TESC • E&W Studies
Study guide for week 7:
The goals for this week are to: 1) become familiar with the distinction betweensemantics and pragmatics; 2) distinguish between lexical and combinatorialsemantics; 3) understand the role that meaning relations like entailment,paraphrase, contradiction, antonymy, and synonymy play in determiningsemantic content; 4) learn how semantics is related to objects in the worldthrough model-theoretic semantics.
Language Files: Chapter 7Pinker: none.
Exercises from the text:
Language Files: File
1. For each group of words given below, state what semantic feature or featuresare shared by the (a) words and the (b) words, and what semantic feature or features distinguish between the classes of (a) and (b) words.Example: a. widow, mother, sister, aunt, seamstressb. widower, father, brother, uncle, tailor Features of (a) and (b): humanFeatures of (a): femaleFeatures of (b): maleA. a. bachelor, man, son, paperboy, pope, chief b. bull, rooster, drake, ramB. a. table, stone, pencil, cup, house, ship, car b. milk, alcohol, rice, soup, mudC. a. book, temple, mountain, road, tractor b. idea, love, charity, sincerity, bravery, fear D. a. pine, elm, ash, weeping, willow, sycamoreb. rose, dandelion, aster, tulip, daisyE. a. book, letter, encyclopedia, novel, notebook, dictionaryb. typewriter, pencil, ballpoint, crayon, quill, charcoal, chalkF. a. walk, run, skip, jump, hop, swimb. fly, skate, ski, ride, cycle, canoe, hang-glideG. a. ask, tell, say, talk, converse