Anatomy of Cranial cavity
Definition:The inside view of cranium is known ascranial cavity.
Contents of cranial cavity:
The cranial cavity contains the brain,pineal and hypophysis cerebri, parts of the cranial and spinal nerves, bloodvessels, meninges and cerebrospinalfluid.1.
nterior cranial fossa whichaccommodates the anterior lobeof brain.2.
Middle cranial fossa, much widerthan the anterior cranial fossacontain the 2 temporal lobes of brain.3.
Posterior cranial fossa is muchshallower and wider than themiddle cranial fossa and itaccommodates the occipital lobesof the brain.
Anterior cranial fossa:
nteriorly it contains sphenoid bone.Sphenoid bone consists of three partsa) -Bodyb) -Lesser wings, 2 in numberc) -Greater wing , also 2 in numberBody of sphenoid is again subdivided intoanterior, middle and posterior parts.
nterior part lies in anterior cranialfossa, middle in middle cranial fossa andposterior in posterior cranial fossa. Sosphenoid bone is common in all threefossae.
oundaries and foramens of anteriorcranial fossa:
nteriorly and laterally is bounded byfrontal boneFloor:The floor of anterior crania fossa idformed by orbital plate of frontal bone,ethmiod cribriform plate , anteriorborder of sphenoids lesser wings andanterior part of the body.Posteriorly:Bounded by posterior border of lesserwing of sphenoid, anterior clinoidprocess and sulcus chiasmaticus.Ethmoid:Ethmoid is present in the centre of cranial fossa and it forms part of its floor.
t forms 4 sutures, 3 with frontal and 1with sphenoid.Crista galli
t is a sharp upward projection of ethmoid bone in the midline, for theattachment of falx cerebri.Foramen cecumBetween the crista galli and the crest of the frontal bone is small aperture, theforamen cecum.
n 85 % of the subjects,it is closed. While in 15% subjects, it ispatent or open for the passage of vein of nose which drains into superior sagittalsinus.
mportance of foramen cecum is that theinfection can travel easily from the noseto the venous sinus of the brain.Cribriform plate of the ethmoid: This is thee perforated part of theethmoid. The upper surface of thecribriform plate supports the olfactorybulbs, and the small perforations in thecribriform plate are for the olfactorynerves.Clinical importance:
f cribriform plate isinjured, then there will be loss of sensation of smell.