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Amendments of the Indian Constitution Have Been Done for the Purpose of Variation

Amendments of the Indian Constitution Have Been Done for the Purpose of Variation

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Published by: mintu on Sep 23, 2008
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Amendments of the Indian Constitution have been done for thepurpose of variation, addition or cancellation of any provisionmade in the constitution. Since the enactment of theConstitution of India on 26 November 1949, there have been94 amendments made to it till 2006. Number of Bills areintroduced before Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha for furtherimproving the Constitution. Parliament has been bestowed withthe constituent power, using which changes in the IndianConstitution can be made. However, the basic structure of theIndian Constitution cannot be changed under anycircumstances. In case any amendment violates the basicstructure of constitution, it should be revised and changed.Constitutional Provision for Amendment of the IndianConstitutionPart XX of the Constitution of India deals with the Amendmentof the Constitution. The Article 368 specifies the power of Parliament to amend the constitution and the procedure of it. Itis also mentioned in the Article that there will be no limitationon the constituent power of the Parliament for amending it byadding, removing or improving the provisions made in it.Procedure of the Amendments of the Indian ConstitutionThe method of an amendment to the constitution is consideredto be a highly complicated procedure. Amendment can be madeby various methods, which have been modeled based on theSouth African Constitution. The initial step of an amendment of the constitution is the introduction of Bills regarding it in anyone of the houses of the Parliament. The Bills can be passed bysimple majority of the Parliament. Before sending the Bills forPresident's assent, there can be a voting among the membersof Parliament present. If majority of them votes in favor of theamendments, it is accepted. An amendment can also befinalized if two-thirds of the members of Parliament presentvote in its favor. However, the number of voters should bemore than half of the total number of members of the house.This method is known as 'special majority of the Parliament'.In some cases, Bills for amendments to the Indian Constitution,finalized in this method, may also require the ratification of theLegislatures of at least half of the Indian States.List of the 94 Amendments to the Indian Constitution till 2006
 
There have been 94 amendments made to the Constitution of India. The Amendment Acts, which are also known asConstitution (Amendment) Acts, and the date, when they caminto force, are mentioned below:
The Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951: This Actcame into force on 18 June 1951.
The Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1952: This Actwas introduced on 1 May 1953.
The Constitution (Third Amendment) Act, 1954: The dateof assent of this Amendment Act is 22 February 1955.
The Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1955: This Actbecame effective since 27 April 1955.
The Constitution (Fifth Amendment) Act, 1955: The datesince when this Act has been made effective is 24December 1955.
The Constitution (Sixth Amendment) Act, 1956: Since 11September 1956, this Act has been in effect.
The Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956: As pers.1 (2) of the Act, this Constitution Act came into force on1 November 1956.
The Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1959: This Actwas introduced on 5 January 1960, when it was givenassent by the President.
The Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1960: The dateon which this Act came into force is 28 December 1960.
The Constitution (Tenth Amendment) Act, 1961: This Actwas made effective on 11 August 1961 as per the s.1 (2)of the Act.
The Constitution (Eleventh Amendment) Act, 1961: Thedate of assent of this Constitution Act was 19 December1961.
The Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1962: ThisAct came into force on 20 December 1961 as per s.1 (2) of the Act.
The Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Act, 1962:Since 1 December 1963, this Constitution Act has been ineffect.
The Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 1962: ThisAct was introduced on 28 December 1962.
The Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 1963: ThisAct was given assent by the President and was introducedon 5 October 1963.
 
The Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963: Thedate on which this Constitution Act was made effective is5 October 1963.
The Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 1964:The date since when this Act has been made effective is20 June 1964.
The Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 1966: ThisAct came into force on 27 August 1966.
The Constitution (Nineteenth Amendment) Act, 1966: Thedate of assent of this Constitution Act is 11 December1966.
The Constitution (Twentieth Amendment) Act, 1966: ThisConstitution Act was introduced on 22 December 1966.
The Constitution (Twenty-first Amendment) Act, 1967:The President gave his assent to this Act on 10 April 1967,since when it has been in effect.
The Constitution (Twenty-second Amendment) Act, 1969:The Act was made effective with the assent of thePresident on 25 September 1969.
The Constitution (Twenty-third Amendment) Act, 1969:The date on which this Act came into force is 23 January1970.
The Constitution (Twenty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1971:Since 5 November 1971, this Act is in effect.
The Constitution (Twenty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1971:With the assent of the President of India, this Act wasintroduced on 20 April 1972.
The Constitution (Twenty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1971:This Act was made effective on 28 December 1971.
The Constitution (Twenty-seventh Amendment) Act,1971: As per s.1 (2) of the Act, Sections 1 and 3 wereintroduced on 30 December 1971. The Sections 2, 4 and 5came into force much later on 15 February 1972.
The Constitution (Twenty-eighth Amendment) Act, 1972:This Act came into force on 29 August 1972.
The Constitution (Twenty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1972:The date since when this Constitution Act has been madeeffective is 9 June 1972.
The Constitution (Thirtieth Amendment) Act, 1972: It wason 27 February 1973, when this Act was introduced afterassent of the Indian President.
The Constitution (Thirty-first Amendment) Act, 1973: ThisAct came into force on 17 October 1973.

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