Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
P. 1
The End of Bipolarity

The End of Bipolarity

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 556 |Likes:
Published by Ramita Udayashankar
Contemporary World Politics, Class XII Political Science
Contemporary World Politics, Class XII Political Science

More info:

Published by: Ramita Udayashankar on Aug 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/07/2014

pdf

text

original

 
]je Enm hf Kbyhdl{b}r< `l{o Nl`e }je Lg{ee`en} }jl} wlq qbgnem ke}ween Bnmbl lnm [uqqbl bn ;99<.
Bnmh-[uqqbln Q}{l}egba Lg{ee`en} wlq qbgnem bn ;99<$ unme{ wjbaj `h{e }jln :9 kbdl}e{ld lg{ee`en}q we{e qbgnem.
Wjr mbm }je Unb}em Q}l}eq y{hvbme fbnlnabld lqqbq}lnae }h }je Aen}{ld Lqblnahun}{beq bn ;99<8
Lf}e{ << Qey}e`ke{ ;99<$ Unb}em Q}l}eq wln}em }je `bdb}l{r klqeq bn }je Aen}{ld Lqbln{egbhn$ fh{ }jbq yu{yhqe b} jb{em qh`e `bdb}l{r klqeq hf }jeqe ahun}{beq }h fued b}q fdbgj}qmu{bng wl{q.
Wjl} mh rhu `eln kr i}je dl{geq} gl{lge qlde bn jbq}h{r'8
Lf}e{ }je qjhao }je{lyr lkhu} 29 ye{aen} hf }je UQQ[ bnmuq}{beq we{e yu} uy fh{ qlde.Vldulkde bnmuq}{beq we{e unme{vlduem lnm qhdm l} }j{hw lwlr y{baeq. ]jbq qlde wlqalddem i}je dl{geq} gl{lge qlde bn jbq}h{ri.
Q}l}e qh`e ajlngeq }hho ydlae lf}e{ }je mbqbn}eg{l}bhn hf UQQ[8
Qh`e ajlngeq wjbaj }hho ydlae lf}e{ }je mbqbn}eg{l}bhn hf UQQ[ wlq }je enm hf }jeAhdm Wl{ lnm bmehdhgbald mbqyu}e hve{ Qhabldbq} qrq}e` lnm Alyb}ldbq} qrq}e`. ]je }wh`bdb}l{r kdhaq al`e }h ln enm lnm hndr hne quye{ yhwe{ ezbq}em hu} hf }je }wh b.e. }jeUnb}em Q}l}eq. ]je alyb}ldbq} eahnh`r mh`bnl}eq bn}e{nl}bhnlddr nhw.
Wjl} bq `eln} kr }je Qeahnm Wh{dm8
L g{huy hf ahun}{beq$ wjbaj we{e lddbeq hf }je WL[QLW yla}$ l `bdb}l{r lddblnaefh{`em kr UQQ[ hn }je ah``unbq} lnm qhabldbq} bmehdhgr bq onhwn lq Qeahnm Wh{dmahun}{beq h{ Qhabldbq} Kdhaq.
Q}l}e }je yhdb}bald qrq}e` hf }je Qhvbe} Unbhn8
Bn }je yhdb}bald qrq}e` hf Qhvbe} Unbhn$ }je `loe{q hf }je Qhvbe} qrq}e` glve y{b`l{rb`yh{}lnae }h }je wh{obng adlqq lnm }je bnq}b}u}bhn hf }je yl{}r }jl} quyyh{}em }je yhh{  yehyde. ]je Qhvbe} yhdb}bald qrq}e` aen}e{em l{hunm }je ah``unbq} yjbdhqhyjr$ lnm nhh}je{ yhdb}bald yl{}r$ h{ hyyhqb}bhn wlq lddhwem.
Wjr mbm Gh{klajev wln} }h k{bng lkhu} {efh{`q bn }je UQQ[8
Je wln}em }h mh qh }h oeey UQQ[ lk{elq} hf }je bnfh{`l}bhn lnm }eajnhdhgbald{evhdu}bhnq }lobng ydlae bn }je Weq}.
; `l{oqBn <22<$ l ahuy }hho ydlae bn UQQ[. Wjl} wlq b}q {equd}8
Kh{bq Red}qbn a{uqjem }je ahuy lnm e`e{gem lq je{h hf }je new qrq}e`. Je whnedea}bhn f{h` [uqqbl lnm `lme wlr fh{ }je y{haeqq hf meaen}{ldbsl}bhn hf }jeUQQ[. Bnmeyenmenae `hve`en}q kegln bn }je qhvbe} ahn}{hddem {egbhn hf Elq} Eu{hyelnm }jer q}l{}em }h meadl{e }je`qedveq lq qhve{ebgn q}l}e.
]je Aen}{ld Lqbln q}l}eq we{e `lme }je fhunme{q `e`ke{q hf ABQ. Wjl} we{e }jeh}je{ fel}u{eq hf }je mbqbn}eg{l}bhn hf UQQ[8
[uqqbl wlq laaey}em lq }je quaaeqqh{ q}l}e hf UQQ[.
B} bnje{b}em }je Qhvbe} qel} bn }je Qeau{b}r Ahunabd.
B} laaey}em ldd }je }{el}beq lnm ah``b}`en}q hf }je Qhvbe} Unbhn.
 
B} }hho hve{ lq }je nuadel{ q}l}e hf }je yhq} Qhvbe} qylae lnm al{{bem hu} qh`embql{`l`en} `elqu{eq wb}j }je UQ.
@en}bhn qh`e hf }je ahun}{beq }jl} q}l{}em {evbvbng. Wjl} we{e }je `lch{ fla}h{qwjbaj jedyem bn }jeb{ {evbvld8
Lse{klbcln$ Olslojq}ln$ [uqqbl$ ]u{o`enbq}ln lnm Uskeobq}ln {evbvem lf}e{ lkhu}}en rel{q hf }jeb{ bnmeyenmenae kealuqe hf }je ezyh{} hf nl}u{ld {eqhu{aeq dboe hbd$nl}u{ld glq lnm `bne{ldq.
Qh`e h}je{ ahun}{beq {evbvem kealuqe }jer ge} }je {en} hn }je ybyedbneq }jl} ylqq}j{hugj }jeb{ ahun}{beq.
@en}bhn qyje{eq bn wjbaj Bnmbl lnm [uqqbl kenefb} f{h` elaj h}je{.
[uqqbl quyyh{}q Bnmbl‒q aluqe hn Olqj`b{.
B} quyyh{}q Bnmbl‒q neem hf ene{gr quyydbeq.
[uqqbl kenefb}q f{h` Bnmbl kealuqe b} bq }je qeahnm dl{geq} l{`q `l{oe} fh{ [uqqbl.
[uqqbl bq b`yh{}ln} fh{ Bnmbl‒q nuadel{ ydlnq$ lnm jlq ldqh ahddlkh{l}em wb}j Bnmblhn vl{bhuq qaben}bfba y{hcea}q.
1 `l{oqBn rhu{ vbew wjl} wlq }je `hq} b`yh{}ln} {elqhn }jl} dem }h }je ahddlyqe hf UQQ[8
]je eahnh`ba lnm yhdb}bald bnq}b}u}bhnq jlm flbdem }h `ee} }je lqyb{l}bhnq hf }je yehyde.
Eahnh`ba q}lgnl}bhn fh{ qeve{ld rel{q jlm dem }h }je qjh{}lge hf ahnqu`e{ ghhmq.
]je yehyde we{e ah`yl{bng }je eahnh`ba lmvlnaeq hf }je Weq} wb}j }jeb{ qrq}e`$lnm qh }jer hyendr q}l{}em |ueq}bhnbng }je Qhvbe} qrq}e` hf eahnh`r.
Wjl} mh rhu `eln kr `ud}byhdl{ Wh{dm8
@ud}b yhdl{ wh{dm `elnq }jl} }je{e bq ah-ezbq}enae hf qeve{ld yhwe{q bn }je bn}e{nl}bhnldqrq}e`. Qh }je{e bq l neem fh{ ahddea}bve qeau{b}r lnm neem }h negh}bl}e }h qe}}debn}e{nl}bhnld ahnfdba}q lnm ln bnmeyenmen} fh{ebgn yhdbar fh{ ldd ahun}{beq lnm meabqbhn`lobng }j{hugj khmbeq dboe }je UN.
Q}l}e }je {edl}bhn ke}ween Bnmbl lnm [uqqbl lf}e{ }je mbqbn}eg{l}bhn hf }je UQQ[8
Bnmbl lnm [uqqbl `lbn}lbnem l ve{r q}{hng {edl}bhn lnm }jeb{ {edl}bhnq l{e e`kemmem kr}{uq} lnm ah``hn bn}e{eq} lnm l{e `l}ajem kr yhyudl{ ye{aey}bhnq. B} gh} kenefb}q f{h`b}q {edl}bhnqjby quaj lq qjl{bng bnfh{`l}bhn hn }e{{h{bq`. Qbnae Bnmbl bq }je qeahnmdl{geq} l{`q `l{oe} fh{ [uqqbl$ ]je Bnmbln `bdb}l{r ge}q `hq} hf b}q `bdb}l{r}eajnhdhgbeq f{h` [uqqbl. Bnmbl jlq ahddlkh{l}em hn vl{bhuq qaben}bfba y{hcea}q wb}j[uqqbl.
Wjl} mh rhu `eln kr Qjhao ]je{lyr8
Lf}e{ }je ahddlyqe hf ah``unbq`$ ldd `hq} ldd ahun}{beq wjbaj we{e unme{ }je ahn}{hd hf UQQ[ wb}neqqem }je y{haeqq hf }{lnqb}bhn f{h` ln lu}jh{b}l{bln Qhabldbq} qrq}e` }h lme`ha{l}ba alyb}ldbq} qrq}e`. ]je `hmed hf }{lnqb}bhn bn [uqqbl$ Aen}{ld Lqbl lnm elq}Eu{hye }jl} wlq bnfduenaem kr }je Wh{dm Klno lnm }je B@F$ al`e }h ke onhwn lq‚qjhao }je{lyr‒.
Q}l}e }je {edl}bhn ke}ween Bnmbl lnm [uqqbl lf}e{ }je mbqbn}eg{l}bhn hf }je UQQ[8
]je {eqhu{aeq hf Qhvbe} Unbhn we{e uqem bn kubdmbng `bdb}l{r lnm nuadel{ l{qenldq.
Mevedhy`en} hf b}q Ql}eddb}e q}l}eq k{hugj} juge fbnlnabld ku{men fh{ UQQ[.
 
B}q lm`bnbq}{l}bhn wlq ah{{uy} lnm }je ghve{n`en} wlq nh} {elmr }h b`yde`en} lnrah{{ea}bve `elqu{eq.
]je{e wlq nh hyenneqq lnm }je yehyde we{e nh} lddhwem }h ezy{eqq }jeb{ vbewq.
Gh{klajev‒q bnb}bl}bve hf {efh{`q k{hugj} jhyeq fh{ }je yehyde hf UQQ[. Re}$ je bqkdl`em fh{ }je mbqbn}eg{l}bhn hf UQQ[. Aln rhu ezydlbn }jbq q}l}e`en}8
Kr dhhqenbng }je Qhvbe} qrq}e`$ Gh{klajev qe} bn `h}bhn quaj ezyea}l}bhnq hf }je yehyde lq ahudm jl{mdr ke ln}babyl}em kr lnrhne.
@lnr yehyde fed} mbqlyyhbn}em }jl} Gh{klajev mbm nh} wh{o l} l ylae }jer jlmwln}em.
]je jl{mdbne{q bn }je Ah``unbq} Yl{}r kdl`em jb` fh{ }je mey{bvl}bhn hf }je y{bvbdegeq }jer enchrem l} hne }b`e
[edl}e }je bnq}lnae hf ahnfdba} bn Rughqdlvbl.
]je{e we{e qeve{e ahnfdba}q bn Rughqdlvbl ke}ween }je Qe{kq lnm }je nhn-Qe{kq.
Lf}e{ <22<$ b} k{hoe hu} bn}h y{hvbnaeq dboe A{hl}bl$ Qdhvenbl$ lnm Khqnbl lnmJe{seghvbnl lq bnmeyenmen} ahun}{beq.
Dl}e{$ }je NL]H bn}e{venem bn `l}}e{ hf Rughqdlvbl.
Wjl} bq }je vbqbhn hf }je wh{dm qjl{em kr [uqqbl lnm Bnmbl8
Kh}j }jeqe ahun}{beq qjl{e }je vbqbhn hf `ud}b-yhdl{ wh{dm h{me{$ wje{e }je fhddhwbngfel}u{eq whudm ke y{eqen}3
Ah-ezbq}enae hf qeve{ld yhwe{q bn }je wh{dm.
Ahddea}bve Qeau{b}r$ bn wjbaj ldd }je ahun}{beq la} ahddea}bvedr lglbnq} }je hffenme{ ahun}{r.
Yelaefud qe}}de`en}q hf }je mbqyu}eq.
Bnmeyenmen} Fh{ebgn Yhdbar.
Q}{eng}jenbng hf Bn}e{nl}bhnld H{glnbsl}bhnq dboe UNH.
= `l{oqWjl} l{e }je {elqhnq hf }je ahnfdba}q lnm }enqbhnq bn }je fh{`e{ Qhvbe} [eyukdbaq8Gbve qh`e bnq}lnaeq.
]je{e jlve keen vbhden} qeaeqqbhnbq} `hve`en}q bn Ajeajnrl lnm Mlgeq}ln$ }je[uqqbln [eyukdbaq.
]lcbobq}ln bn Aen}{ld Lqbl wb}neqqem l abvbd wl{ fh{ <9 rel{q kealuqe hf qea}l{blnbq`.
Bn Geh{gbl }wh y{hvbnaeq me`lnmem bnmeyenmenae wjbaj dem }h l abvbd wl{.
Uo{lbne$ Or{grsq}ln lnm Geh{gbl$ }je{e l{e `hve`en}q lglbnq} }je ezbq}bng {ude{q.
Ahudm }je me`ha{l}ba bnq}b}u}bhnq ke eq}lkdbqjem8 Gbve ezl`ydeq }h cuq}bfr rhu{lnqwe{.
Me`ha{lar ahudm nh} ke eq}lkdbqjem bn lnr hf }jeqe ahun}{beq.
]je Ahnq}b}u}bhnq jlm weloenem }je yhqb}bhn hf }je Yl{dbl`en}q lnm jlm `lme }jeY{eqbmen}q ve{r yhwe{fud.
]jeqe Y{eqbmen}q keal`e lu}jh{b}l{bln lnm {udem laah{mbng }h }jeb{ hwn wbqjeq.Fh{ E.g.$ }je Y{eqbmen}q hf ]u{o`enbq}ln lnm Uskeobq}ln lyyhbn}em }je`qedveq fh{ }enrel{q ku} {udem fh{ lnh}je{ }en rel{q. ]jer mbm nh} lddhw lnr hyyhqb}bhn.
Wjl} wlq }je {equd} hf }je effh{}q }jl} Gh{klajev `lme }h k{bng lkhu} }je{efh{`q8

Activity (3)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Siddhant Nath liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->