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Era of One Party Dominance

Era of One Party Dominance

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Published by Ramita Udayashankar
Politics in India Since Independence, Class XII Political Science
Politics in India Since Independence, Class XII Political Science

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Published by: Ramita Udayashankar on Aug 06, 2011
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07/12/2014

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I~j om ogi Tj~vu Focegjgki: cj~l Q`ig fef v`i kog{vevyveog om Egfej koci egvo immikv?
V`i kog{vevyveog om Egfej qj{ {eagif og >= Go}( :565 jgf ev kjci egvo immikv ogBjgyj~u( :594'
Q`ig qj{ Ihikveog Kocce{{eog {iv yt eg Egfej?
V`i Ihikveog Kocce{{eog eg Egfej qj{ {iv yt eg Bjgyj~u :594'
Q`o qj{ v`i hijfi~ om v`i jgve#kj{vi co}icigv?
F~' N`ec ^jo Jcniflj~ qj{ v`i hijfi~ om v`i jgve#kj{vi co}icigv'
Q`o qj{ v`i moygfi~ T~i{efigv om N`j~veuj Bjgj [jga`?
[`ujcj T~j{jf Cylj~bii qj{ v`i moygfi~ T~i{efigv om N`j~veuj Bjgj [jga`'
Q`ig qj{ v`i [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu mo~cif?
[qjvjgv~j Tj~vu qj{ mo~cif eg Jyay{v :595'
Gjci v`i tj~vei{ eg v`i kogvicto~j~u Egfej q`ek` v~jki v`ie~ o~eaeg{ vo v`i{okejhe{v tj~vu?
Tj~vei{ heli v`i [jcjbqjfe Tj~vu( V`i ^j{`v~euj Bjgjvj Fjh( Bjgjvj Fjh Ygevif% jgf v`iBjgjvj Fjh [ikyhj~% v~jki v`ie~ o~eaeg{ m~oc v`i {okejhe{v tj~vu'
Q`ek` vqo otto{eveog hijfi~{ qi~i egkhyfif eg v`i kjnegiv jmvi~ v`i Me~{v Aigi~jhIhikveog{?
F~' N' ^' Jcniflj~ jgf [`ujcj T~j{jf Cyl`i~bii qi~i v`i vqo otto{eveog hijfi~{egkhyfif eg v`i kjnegiv jmvi~ v`i me~{v aigi~jh ihikveog{'
Q`ek` tj~vu qj{ mo~cif qev`eg v`i Koga~i{{ eg :5;6?
V`i Koga~i{{ [okejhe{v Tj~vu qj{ mo~cif qev`eg v`i Koga~i{{ eg :5;6'
Q`o qj{ v`i me~{v K`eim Ihikveog Kocce{{eogi~ om Egfej?
[ylycj~ [ig qj{ v`i me~{v k`eim ihikveog kocce{{eogi~ om Egfej'
Q`jv e{ I]C?
V`i vi~c I]C {vjgf{ mo~ Ihikv~ogek ]ovega Cjk`egi' Ev e{ jg ihikv~ogek fi}eki vo~iko~f }ovi~{― t~imi~igki{'
Eg q`ek` uij~ v`i me~{v Aigi~jh Ihikveog{ eg Egfej qi~i `ihf?
Me~{v Aigi~jh Ihikveog{ eg Egfej qi~i `ihf eg :59>'
Q`u [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu qj{ gov jnhi vo nyehf j {v~oga o~ajge{jveogjh givqo~l?
V`i gj~~oq {okejh nj{i om v`i tj~vu jgf v`i hjkl om j fifekjvif kjf~i om tj~vu cicni~{fef gov jhhoq ev vo nyehf j {v~oga o~ajge{jveogjh givqo~l'
Gjci v`i moygfi~{ om [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu'
K' ^jbjaotjhjk`j~e( L'C' Cyg{`e( G'A' ^jgaj jgf Cegoo Cj{jge qi~i v`i moygfi~{ om v`i [qjvjgv~j tj~vu'
Q`ek` efiohoau qj{ nihei}if nu v`i {okejhe{v{?
V`i {okejhe{v{ nihei}if eg v`i efiohoau om ficok~jvek {okejhe{c q`ek` fe{vegaye{`if nov` m~oc v`i Koga~i{{ jgf koccyge{v{'
 
> cj~l{K' ^jbjaotjhjk`j~e
@i qj{ j {igeo~ Koga~i{{ hijfi~ jgf nikjci v`i me~{v Egfejg vo ni Ao}i~go~ Aigi~jh om Egfej( Kjnegiv Cicni~ jgf hjvi~ nikjci K`eim Cege{vi~ om Cjf~j{ [vjvi' @i qj{v`i me~{v ~iketeigv om v`i N`j~jv ^jvgj jgf moygfi~ om v`i [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu'
Jk`j~uj Gj~igf~j Fi}
@i qj{ j m~iifoc mea`vi~ jgf moygfega T~i{efigv om v`i Koga~i{{ [okejhe{v Tj~vu' Jmvi~ egfitigfigki `i hif v`i [okejhe{v Tj~vu jgf hjvi~ v`i T~jbj [okejhe{v Tj~vu'
J'L' Aotjhjg
Egevejhhu J' L' Aotjhjg qj{ v`i Koga~i{{ qo~li~ eg Li~jhj hnyv hjvi~ `i boegif v`iKoccyge{v tj~vu om Egfej jgf jmvi~ ev{ {thev eg :5=6 boegif v`i KTE C%' @i qo~lif mo~ {v~igav`igega v`i tj~vu jgf e{ ~i{tikvif j{ j tj~hejcigvj~ejg' @i nikjci cicni~ om v`iTj~hejcigv eg :59>'
N~eimhu ipthjeg Gjveogjh ^i}ohyveogj~u Tj~vu'
Thyvj~ko Ihej{ Kjhhi{ qj{ ev{ moygfi~' Ev qj{ moygfif eg :5>5( j{ Gjveogjh^i}ohyveogj~u Tj~vu jgf hjvi~ ~igjcif j{ v`i Eg{vevyveogjh ^i}ohyveogj~u Tj~vu( v`i T^Eeg [tjge{`%( ipi~ke{if toqi~ eg Cipeko mo~ jhco{v {ep fikjfi{' Ev{ ~yhi qj{ fi{k~enifj{ !v`i ti~mikv fekvjvo~{`et!'
Q`jv ~ohi fef v`i otto{eveog thju eg v`i i~j om ogi#tj~vu focegjgki?
Otto{eveog tj~vei{ qi~i jnhi vo aiv j volig ~it~i{igvjveog eg v`i Hol [jn`j jgf {vjvij{{icnhei{ fy~ega v`i i~j om Koga~i{{ Tj~vu( nyv v`iu thjuif j }evjh ~ohi eg cjegvjegegav`i ficok~jvek k`j~jkvi~ om v`i {u{vic' V`i{i tj~vei{ ommi~if j kog{vjgv k~eveke{c vo v`i tohekei{ Koga~i{{ tj~vu jgf litv ficok~jvek tohevekjh jhvi~gjve}i jhe}i' V`i{i tj~vei{a~oocif v`i hijfi~{ q`o qi~i vo thju j k~ykejh ~ohi eg {`jtega om oy~ koygv~u'
Q`jv qi~i v`i ~i{yhv{ om v`i Me~{v Aigi~jh Ihikveog{?O^ Q~evi j {`o~v govi og v`i Me~{v Aigi~jh Ihikveog{'
V`i Hol [jn`j ihikveog{ jgf [vjvi ihikveog{ vool thjki voaiv`i~ eg v`i Me~{v Aigi~jhIhikveog{ om Egfej' Koga~i{{ `jf qog ;=6 oyv om v`i 605 {ijv{ eg v`i me~{v Hol [jn`j'V`i Koccyge{v Tj~vu om Egfej qog := {ijv{ jgf {voof {ikogf eg to{eveog' Koga~i{{qog j cjbo~evu om {ijv{ eg jhh v`i {vjvi{ j{{icnhei{ ipkitv V~j}jgko~i( Kok`eg( Cjf~j{jgf O~e{{j'
Q`jv qj{ v`i ~ohi thjuif nu v`i otto{eveog tj~vei{ eg v`i i~j om ogi tj~vufocegjgki?
Otto{eveog tj~vei{ qi~i jnhi vo aiv j volig ~it~i{igvjveog eg v`i Hol [jn`j jgf {vjvij{{icnhei{ fy~ega v`i i~j om Koga~i{{ Tj~vu( nyv v`iu thjuif j }evjh ~ohi eg cjegvjegegav`i ficok~jvek k`j~jkvi~ om v`i {u{vic' V`i{i tj~vei{ ommi~if j kog{vjgv k~eveke{c om v`iKoga~i{{ tj~vu jgf litv ficok~jvek tohevekjh jhvi~gjve}i jhe}i' V`i{i tj~vei{ aj}i v`ihijfi~{ q`o thjuif j k~ykejh ~ohi eg {`jtega Egfej'
Q`jv fo uoy ygfi~{vjgf nu mjkveog{ eg j kojheveog?
 V`i Koga~i{{ `jf j gjvy~i om kojheveog' Em j a~oyt qj{ gov `jttu qev` v`i to{eveog om v`i tj~vu o~ qev` ev{ {`j~i om toqi~( ev qoyhf ~icjeg eg{efi v`i tj~vu jgf mea`v v`i ov`i~ a~oyt{ ~jv`i~ v`jg hij}ega v`i tj~vu jgf nikocega jg otto{eveog' V`i{i a~oyt{ eg{efiv`i tj~vu j~i kjhhif mjkveog{'
 
Q~evi j n~eim govi og v`i ici~aigki om [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu?
[qjvjgv~j tj~vu qj{ mo~cif eg Jyay{v :595 jmvi~ v`i Gjaty~ ~i{ohyveog om v`i koga~i{{q`ek` kjhhif mo~ hjgf kiehega{( vjlega o}i~ om moof a~jeg v~jfi nu v`i {vjvi jgf v`ijfotveog om kooti~jve}i mj~cega' V`i tj~vu qj{ hif nu ohf koga~i{{ cig heli ^jbjAotjhjk`j~e( L'C' Cyg{`e( G'A' ^jgaj jgf Cegoo Cj{jge'
Q`o qj{ ^jblycj~e Jc~ev Ljy~?
 ^jblycj~e Jc~ev Ljy~ :005#:5=6% qj{ j Ajgf`ejg jgf m~iifoc mea`vi~< jgf nihogaifvo v`i ~oujh mjcehu om Ljty~v`jhj' [`i `jf eg`i~evif K`~e{vejg ~iheaeog m~oc `i~ cov`i~'[`i qj{ j cicni~ om Kog{vevyigv J{{icnhu< Cege{vi~ mo~ @ijhv` eg egfitigfigv Egfej!{me~{v cege{v~u jgf kogvegyif j{ @ijhv` Cege{vi~ vehh :591'
Q`o qj{ N`ec ^jo Jcniflj~?
 F~' N`ec ^jo Jcniflj~ qj{ no~g og Jt~eh :6( :05: eg C`oq t~i{igvhu eg Cjf`ujT~jfi{`%' @i
 
e{ }eiqif j{ v`i ci{{ej` om Fjhev{ jgf foqgv~offig tiothi eg Egfej' @iqj{ v`i k`je~cjg om v`i f~jmvega koccevvii v`jv qj{ kog{vevyvif nu v`i Kog{vevyigvJ{{icnhu eg :561 vo f~jmv j kog{vevyveog mo~ egfitigfigv Egfej' @i thjuif j {icegjh~ohi eg v`i m~jcega om v`i kog{vevyveog' N`ec ^jo Jcniflj~ qj{ jh{o v`i me~{v HjqCege{vi~ om Egfej' Mo~ `e{ uiocjg {i~}eki vo v`i gjveog( N'^' Jcniflj~ qj{ ni{voqifqev` N`j~jv ^jvgj eg :554'
Q`ig qj{ [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu mo~cif jgf `oq?
[qjvjgv~j tj~vu qj{ mo~cif eg Jyay{v :595 jmvi~ v`i Gjaty~ ~i{ohyveog om v`i koga~i{{(q`ek` kjhhif mo~ hjgf kiehega{( vjlega o}i~ om moof a~jeg v~jfi nu v`i {vjvi jgf v`ijfotveog om kooti~jve}i mj~cega' Ohf koga~i{{cig heli ^jbj Aotjhjk`j~e( L'C'Cyg{`e( G'A' ^jgaj jgf Cegoo Cj{jge hif v`i tj~vu'
Q`o qj{ K' ^jbjaotjhk`j~e?
Totyhj~hu lgoqg j{ .^jbjbe(. K' ^jbjaotjhjk`j~e( v`i me~{v Egfejg Ao}i~go~ Aigi~jh om Egfej( qj{ jg j~figv tjv~eov( j teogii~ega {okejh ~imo~ci~( egke{e}i v`egli~( t~omoygf{k`ohj~ jgf jyv`o~' @i qj{ jh{o jg icegigv {vjvi{cjg jgf jnhi jfcege{v~jvo~' @i ti~{ogemeif v`i efijh om {ecthi he}ega jgf `ea` v`eglega' Eg v`i qo~f{ om Bjqj`j~hjh Gi`~y( .^jbjbe ~it~i{igv{ mygfjcigvjhhu v`i `ea`i{v vuti om cegf eg Egfej'. @i qj{ v`ime~{v ~iketeigv om v`i N`j~jv ^jvgj Jqj~f' @i qj{ v`i moygfi~ om [qjvjgv~j Tj~vu'
6 cj~l{Q`jv qi~i v`i }j~eoy{ ~ij{og{ mo~ v`i focegjgki om v`i Koga~i{{?
V`i ~ij{og mo~ v`i focegjgki om Koga~i{{ e{2 #
Ev{ efigvemekjveog qev` v`i m~iifoc {v~yaahi mo~ nyehfega gjveogjh ygevu jgf{ohefj~evu'
Totyhj~ jttijh om k`j~e{cjvek hijfi~{ heli Cj`jvcj Ajgf`e( Tv' Gi`~y( Egfe~jAjgf`e ivk'
J }i~u n~ojf nj{if cjgemi{vo( q`ek` `j{ {ociv`ega eg ev mo~ i}i~u {ikveog om {okeivu'
Ev{ ~ohi eg kog{ig{y{ nyehfega( i}ig eg v`i ~icovi{v j~ij'
V`i Me~{v Aigi~jh Ihikveog{ qj{ v`i co{v femmekyhv vj{l' @oq?
Jmvi~ {ivvega yt om v`i Ihikveog Kocce{{eog om Egfej eg Bjgyj~u :594 v`i~i qj{ jgyt`ehh vj{l vo kogfykv m~ii jgf mje~ ihikveog{ eg Egfej' Mohhoqega femmekyhvei{ kjci eg ev{qju2
V`i ~izye~icigv om fihecevjveog o~ f~jqega v`i noygfj~ei{ om v`i ihikvo~jhkog{vevyigkei{'

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