“Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Presses.” ©: Q.S. Khan
10. Introduction to Hydraulic Circuit
10.1. What is Circuit?
The Hydraulic power is generated by pumps, and supplied to hydraulic actuators. This hydraulic power must be controlled in order to achieve the desired function. A hydraulic circuit is basicallydesigned to have effective control over this generated power. A hydraulic circuit consists of fluidconductor such as steel pipe, hoses, and manifold block to transfer fluid. It has valves to control pressure, direction, and flow of hydraulic fluid. And hydraulic accessories for better control of various parameter and to have safety and long life of hydraulic system.In this chapter we will study various types of hydraulic circuit.Generally three types of controls we do over generated hydraulic power.a) Direction control. b) Pressure control.c) Flow control
Direction control feature, and direction control valve is common in almost all the hydrauliccircuits.
Pressure control feature and safety valve is also common in all the hydraulic system. In additionto main system pressure, some circuits are specially designed to reduce pressure, to generate back pressure, to have different pressure at different parts of the circuit.
Some circuits are exclusively designed to control flow of hydraulic fluid in the system.
A complex hydraulic circuit may have all the three features in it. That is control of direction of fluid, and control of its pressure and flow.
To thoroughly understand hydraulic circuit and simplify its study, we will classify various typesof hydraulic circuit in to various categories, then study each category in detail.
What is circuitStudy of Hydraulic Circuit