THE 1987 CONSTITUTIONOF THEREPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES(Full Text)
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to builda just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our idealsand aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony,and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence anddemocracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love,equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
ARTICLE INATIONAL TERRITORY
.The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands andwaters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines hassovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains,including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and othersubmarine areas. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of thearchipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internalwaters of the Philippines.
ARTICLE IIDECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES
Section 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty residesin the people and all government authority emanates from them.Section 2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adoptsthe generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the landand adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amitywith all nations.Section 3. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The ArmedForces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is tosecure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.Section 4. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. TheGovernment may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillmentthereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to renderpersonal, military or civil service.Section 5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, andproperty, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all