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Table Of Contents

PREFACE
Contents
Acknowledgements
Foreword
1.1. Why radiographs in dentistry?
1.2. Guideline development
Table 1.1 Criteria used to grade recommendations
2.2 Radiation damage
2.3 Radiation dose
· Radiation dose
2.4 The risks
Table 2.2 Risk in relation to age
2.5 Doses and risks in context
3.1 Dental caries diagnosis
Table 3.1: Caries Risk Factors (9)
3.2.1.Orthodontic radiographs
3.3 Radiography in periodontal assessment
3.4 Radiography in endodontics
3.4.1. Pre-operative
3.4.2.Working length estimation
3.4.3.Pre-condensation
3.4.4.Post-operative
3.4.5.Review
3.7.1.Pre-operative planning
3.7.2.Choice of radiographic techniques
3.7.3.During Surgery
3.7.4.Postoperative assessment
3.9.Radiography of pregnant patients
3.11.Previous radiographs and reports
3.12. Information for patients
4.1 X-ray generation and kilovoltage
4.3 Collimation, field-size trimming
4.3.1 Intraoral radiography
4.3.2 Panoramic radiography
4.3.3 Cephalometric radiography
4.4 Choice of image receptor
4.4.1 Intraoral radiography
4.4.2 Extraoral radiography
4.4.3 Digital receptors
4.5.1 Leaded aprons
4.5.2 Thyroid collar
5.1Quality assurance programme
· Image quality assessment
5.2Image quality assessment
5.2.1Targets for radiographic quality
Table 5.4 Quality standards for periapical radiography
Table 5.5 Quality standards for panoramic radiography
Table 5.6: Quality standards for cephalometric radiography
5.3Practical radiographic technique
5.3.1Intraoral radiography
5.3.2The paralleling technique
5.3.3Panoramic radiography
5.3.4Cephalometric radiography
5.4.2Digital equipment
5.4.3Panoramic radiography
5.4.4Cephalometry (teleradiography)
5.4.5Using DRLs
5.5Dental X-ray equipment
5.5.1.Maintenance and testing
5.5.2.Critical examination
5.5.3.Acceptance test
5.5.4.Routine tests
5.5.5.Assessment of representative patient doses
5.6.Darkroom, film, cassettes and processing
5.6.1Darkroom and desktop processing units
5.6.4.Processing
5.6.5.Digital systems and quality control
5.6.6.Viewing and reporting the radiograph
5.7.1 Procedures
5.8.Quality assurance audit
5.9.2Intraoral radiographs
5.9.3Panoramic radiographs
6.1.Overall responsibility of Dental Practice
6.1.1. Own country legislation
6.1.3.Assessing risk
6.1.4. Seeking advice of qualified expert
6.2.Staff dose levels
6.2.1.Typical dose level
6.2.4. Need for personal monitoring
6.2.5. Pregnant staff
6.3. Principles of protection
6.3.1.Primary and scattered radiation
Figure 6.1 Radiation scattered from the primary beam
6.3.2.Use of distance
6.3.3. Use of protective screens etc
6.3.4. Classification of areas
6.3.5. Holding patients
6.3.6. Written procedures and supervision
6.4. Design of the facility
6.4.1. Protection for adjacent areas
6.4.2. Room layout
6.4.3. Signs and warning lights
6.5 Training staff
6.6Dealing with incidents
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Radiation Protection

Radiation Protection

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Published by Sami Elhag

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Published by: Sami Elhag on Aug 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/23/2012

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