Summer 2011 PAGE 2
ט לש םייוניע'באב
1. There are a number of addedprohibitions on the day of
from other rabbinic fast days:
(wearing leather shoes),
(learning Torah) and
(relations betweenhusband and wife). Theseprohibitions are in common withgeneral mourning for a loved one,and are therefore implemented onthis day of national mourning for all Jewish people.
(מג'סמ'ל ףד תינעת).
Washing one’s body with
the intent to derive benefit isforbidden on
, both in hotand cold water. One may not evenplace their finger into water for thepurposes of receiving benefit fromsuch washing.
(ןמיס ךורע ןחלושו רוטדנקת'ז ףיעס')
However, when onewakes up in the morning they maywash their hands up to the knucklesfor the purposes of removing the
, and by doing so are properlypreparing themselves for prayers.
The same goes for washing one’s
hands when coming out of the bathroom.3. One who has discharge from theireyes when they wake up may usewater to remove crust and dirt fromeyelids and crevaces around the eye.
4. One who is cooking on
may wash vegetables, meat and otherproduce without being concernedthat water may go onto their handsfor their intentions are not to washtheir hands but the food which theyare holding.
(םירבד תשרפ יח שיא ןבבכ תוא')
5. One whose hands are dirty frommud, dirt and the like may wash theyhands to remove these substances, forsuch washing is not for deriving
benefit but for removing disgusting
substances from one’s hands.
are permitted to wash theirhands for the purposes of performing theMitzvah of
in the afternoon(there is no
during morningprayers just like in the house of amourner), since this is not washing forpersonal benefit but rather for thepurpose of the Mitzvah.7.
- One is forbidden fromanointing themselves on
. Thisincludes moisturizers, lotions, soaps,fragrances, makeup, etc. It is not only
forbidden to anoint one’s whole body,
but even anointing one limb isprohibited. One may use unscenteddeodorant to prevent from sweatingsince this is not anointing. Cosmeticsused to heal infections, boils, warts, orother already existing skin problems arepermitted.
(וש"יס ע'עס דנקת'יבגל וט
ע שארבש ןיטטח"ש)
- It is forbidden forhusband and wife to have relations on
. According to many
it is proper for husband and wife to bestringent and follow all of the
just as it would be if a woman was
,such as separating the beds, nottouching, and even avoiding passingobjects from hand to hand.
(יח שיא ןבגכ תוא םירבד תשרפ)
writes that this is an extrastringency and that one may pass objectsfrom hand to hand and does not need to be careful from avoiding normal contactwith their spouse. (It is still proper toavoid touching in areas that wouldnormally be covered as well as huggingand kissing which is forbidden during
- One is forbidden fromengaging in their normal learning
of Torah on
. However, one maystudy topics of sadness, such as the story of
which retells the horror of thedestruction of the Temple or certainprophecies from the book of
which discuss the anguish of thedestruction of Jerusalem. One may alsolearn about the laws of mourning andselect passages from the
whichdiscuss the destruction of the Temple.(That being said, one who will sit passive
if they can’t learn what they desire
should indeed learn rather than toil inthings that are not in keeping with thesolemn nature of the day.)10.
- One who normallysleeps with two pillows should try tosleep with one less pillow to makehimself a little more uncomfortable.11. Sephardic custom is to sit on thefloor starting from
through midday of
, similar tothe way a mourner sits on the floor forseven days. 12. One should not greet his fellow manon
; if one desires to greettheir friend it is customary to give asolemn greeting and to say,
“May you merit in the
comforting of Zion”.
13. One should avoid working on the dayof
, as our Rabbis teach us,
"טב הכאלמ השועה לכ'האור וניא באב
םלועל הכרב ןמיס"
“One who works onthe day of Tish’a Be’Av does not see blessing [from this work] forever”.
(ארמגסמ'ל ףד תינעת):
However, in a placewhere it is customary to work on this dayit is permitted.
ע"מג פ'סמ'דמ ףד םיחספ):
Still, aperson should try to limit the amount of work he does, since according
to law wetry to limit the amount of work doneeven during the nine days from