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The Life of Buddha eBook

The Life of Buddha eBook

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Published by manoj nair

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Published by: manoj nair on Aug 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Buddha-Carita,or The Life of Buddhaby Aèvaghoùa
edited and translated by
Edward B. Cowell
The text and translation of Buddhacarita presented here is for the most part thatprinted in The Buddhacarita or Life of Buddha by Aèvaghoùa, which was edited andtranslated by Professor Edward B. Cowell (first published in 1894 [text] & 1895[translation], reprinted together New Delhi, 1977). The readings and translation havebeen supplemented by E.H. Johnson's text and translation entitled Aèvaghoùa'sBuddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha (first published in Lahore, 1936; reprinted Delhi,1995).The Sanskrit text has been made from a database prepared by Peter Schreiner inFebruary 1990, which contained the pausa form of both Cowell's and Johnson's texts inASCII format, which I have converted to normal diacritics (the diactrical systememployed is described below). I hope at a later date to prepare a text with the pausaform analysis included, which will be a help to students studying the text.The text and translation presented here represents the first fourteen chapters ofAèvaghoùa's text, with the beginning supplemented by the spurious verses found at thebeginning of Cowell's edition (presumably by AmÔtànanda), and Johnson's translation(only) from the Tibetan and Chinese sources to round off Chapter Fourteen. Majordiscrepencies between the two editions have been noted and occasionallysupplementary material from Johnson's edition has been included.I have entered Cowell's notes to the translation, as they often provide interesting crossreferences, and I have also prepared his Introduction to the translation of the text. Ihave not entered his notes to the text though, as I hope at a later date to be able tomake a full comparison with Johnson's edition.The text itself has been presented with a metrical analysis elsewhere on this website,and an English only version of the translation, which contains the translation ofAmÔtànanda's supplementary text, which was printed in the Editio Princeps, but whichis omitted here as it throws no light on Aèvaghoùa's original work.The system of transliteration of Eastern scripts that was used in the Sacred Books ofthe East was later felt to have a number of disadvantages to it, and went out of fashionafter the series was completed. Therefore in preparing this book for electronicpublication I have taken the opportunity to update the presentation in this regard to astandard which is most commonly in use, and is in agreement with the other texts usedon this website.
ânandajoti BhikkhuAugust 2005

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