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Table Of Contents

What is disability?
Environment
The diversity of disability
Prevention
Disability and human rights
Disability and development
Measuring disability
Prevalence of disability – difficulties in functioning
Older persons
Children
The environment
Health conditions are affected by environmental factors
Disability and poverty
Developed countries
Developing countries
Needs for services and assistance
Costs of disability
Direct costs of disability
Indirect costs
Conclusion and recommendations
Adopt the ICF
Improve national disability statistics
Improve the comparability of data
Develop appropriate tools and fill the research gaps
Understanding the health of people with disabilities
Primary health conditions
Risk of developing secondary conditions
Risk of developing co- morbid conditions
Greater vulnerability to age-related conditions
Increased rates of health risk behaviours
Greater risk of being exposed to violence
Higher risk of unintentional injury
Higher risk of premature death
Needs and unmet needs
Addressing barriers to health care
Reforming policy and legislation
Addressing barriers to financing and affordability
Addressing barriers to service delivery
Addressing human resource barriers
Filling gaps in data and research
Policy and legislation
Financing and affordability
Service delivery
Human resources
Data and research
Understanding rehabilitation
Rehabilitation measures and outcomes
Rehabilitation medicine
Therapy
Assistive technologies
Rehabilitation settings
Addressing barriers to rehabilitation
Reforming policies, laws, and delivery systems
National rehabilitation plans and improved collaboration
Developing funding mechanisms for rehabilitation
Increasing human resources for rehabilitation
Expanding education and training
Training existing health-care personnel in rehabilitation
Building training capacity
Curricula content
Recruiting and retaining rehabilitation personnel
Expanding and decentralizing service delivery
Coordinated multidisciplinary rehabilitation
Community-delivered services
Increasing the use and affordability of technology
Assistive devices
Telerehabilitation
Expanding research and evidence-based practice
Information and good practice guidelines
Research, data, and information
Policies and regulatory mechanisms
Financing
Technology
Research and evidence- based practice
Understanding assistance and support
When are assistance and support required?
Social and demographic factors affecting demand and supply
Consequences for caregivers of unmet need for formal support services
Provision of assistance and support
Barriers to assistance and support
Lack of funding
Lack of adequate human resources
Inappropriate policies and institutional frameworks
Inadequate and unresponsive services
Poor service coordination
Awareness, attitudes, and abuse
Addressing the barriers to assistance and support
Achieving successful deinstitutionalization
Creating a framework for commissioning effective support services
Funding services
Assessing individual needs
Regulating providers
Supporting public-private- voluntary services
Coordinating flexible service provision
Building capacity of caregivers and service users
Community home-based care
Including assistance and support in disability policies and action plans
Support people to live and participate in the community
Foster development of the support services infrastructure
Ensure maximum consumer choice and control
Support families as assistance and support providers
Step up training and capacity building
Improve the quality of services
Understanding access to physical and information environments
Monitoring
Addressing the barriers in public transportation
Improving policies
Universal design and removing physical barriers
Improving education and training
Barriers to information and communication
Inaccessibility
Lack of regulation
Pace of technological change
Addressing the barriers to information and technology
Universal design
Across domains of the environment
Public accommodations – building and roads
Transportation
Accessible information and communication
Educational participation and children with disability
Understanding education and disability
Approaches to educating children with disabilities
Outcomes
Barriers to education for children with disabilities
System-wide problems
School problems
Addressing barriers to education
System-wide interventions
School interventions
Formulate clear policies and improve data and information
Adopt strategies to promote inclusion
Provide specialist services, where necessary
Support participation
Understanding labour markets
Participation in the labour market
Employment rates
Types of employment
Wages
Barriers to entering the labour market
Lack of access
Misconceptions about disability
Discrimination
Overprotection in labour laws
Addressing the barriers to work and employment
Laws and regulations
Tailored interventions
Vocational rehabilitation and training
Self-employment and microfinance
Social protection
Working to change attitudes
Governments
Employers
Disability: a global concern
What do we know about people with disabilities?
What are the disabling barriers?
How are the lives of people with disabilities affected?
Recommendations
Recommendation4: Involve people with disabilities
Recommendation5: Improve human resource capacity
Recommendation8: Improve disability data collection
Recommendation9: Strengthen and support research on disability
Conclusion
Translating recommendations into action
Technical appendix A
Technical appendix B
Technical appendix C
Technical appendix D
Technical appendix E
Glossary
Index
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World Disability

World Disability

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Published by: marcocorradotrogu on Aug 08, 2011
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08/10/2011

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