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Pt.Sanjay Rath - Vimshottari Dasha #1
A study of the finest udu dasa system taught by Parasara and other authors of classical jyotishliterature. Let us pray to Sarasvati with the following Sarasvati Gäyatri Mantra from the RigVeda (Mandala-1.Hymn-3.Mantra-10) before starting the lesson.Word meaningsSarasvati: derived from ‘Sarasah’ meaning (a) full of Rasa or nectar (Sa+Rasa). There areseven Rasa’s which lead to the physical creation of all beings. These seven Rasa are the Lordsof the saptämsa (one-seventh division) of a sign. Thus, Sarasvati is the mother of all creationand is also referred to as BHU Devi or the Earth Mother. (b) Commendable enlightening speechborne from perfect knowledge and truthful countenance. Thus, Sarasvati is the giver of suchexemplary speech [arising from truthful countenance and knowledge (of all arts, crafts andsciences)].Pavaka: Pure, clear, bright and shining like Agni (fire); illuminating; n. Pavakä illuminator.The Best Udu DasäParäsara teaches that Vimsottari is the foremost Udu Dasä because in Kaliyuga[1] themaximum period of the Vimsottari dasä system (120 years) is equal to the Pürna Äyus (Fulllongevity: 120 years) of the human being.BPHS:This complete longevity of 120 years is represented by 120 degrees of the zodiac based onthe Time-space equation from Manu [2] Smriti [3] whereby one day of the Deva is equal to ayear in the life of human beings. By the term Deva (derived from Diva [4]) the Sun isreferred to and its average daily motion of one degree in the zodiac. Thus 120 human /earthyears would correspond to 120 degrees in the zodiac. There are three Brahma Nabhi [5] inthe zodiac at zero degree Aries, Leo and Sagittarius. These navels are 120 degrees apart.These navel represent the end or a new beginning and is conceptualized as Gandänta. Theirseparation of 120 degree is the longevity span of the human being. There are other dictumswhich refer to other transits of the Sun as the 21/2 Degree transit. However, these shallrefer to beings other than human or for other purposes.
Lesson #01:
The first step in Vimsottari dasä is to determine the Param Äyus (maximumlongevity) of any body, both animate and inanimate.
The angular span of 120 degrees is divided into nine mansions of the Moon called Nakshatraor simply constellation. Each Nakshatra has an angular span of 13o20’ (or 800’) and is
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Pt.Sanjay Rath - Vimshottari Dasha #1
composed of four parts called Pada. Each Pada, being one-fourth of a constellation is 3°20'(or 200’). The first Nakshatra is Aswini which is reckoned from zero degree Aries and spansthe range 0°–13°20’ Aries. The second Nakshatra starts from 13°20’ Aries and extends till26°40’ Aries. In this manner nine Nakshatra cover the span of 120° from Aries to 30°Cancer. Similarly two other sets of nine-Nakshatra span the space from Leo to 30°Scorpio and Sagittarius to 30° Pisces respectively (Fig1-1). The Navagraha in the order ofKetu, Venus, Sun, Moon, Mars, Rähu, Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury are the lords of the nineconstellation as reckoned from Aswini. This order of planets also determines the lordship forthe other two complimentary sets of nine constellation (Table 1-1).Dasä PeriodDasä periods have been spelt out by Paräsara[6] for the planets as Sun 6 years, Moon 10 years, Mars 7 years, Rähu 18 years, Jupiter – 16 years, Saturn – 19 years, Mercury 17 years, Ketu 7 years and Venus – 20 years. These have also been indicated in theTable 1-1.
Order of Dasä
The dasä follows a definite sequence in the regular order of the constellations. The Dasä arefurnished by the planets owning the constellations. For example, if the first dasä is reckonedfrom Bharani (2), then the first dasä shall be initiated from Venus, the lord of Bharani. Theorder of the constellations areBharani(2)-Krittika(3)-Rohini(4)-Mrigasira(5)-Ardra(6)-Punarvasu(7)-Pusya(8)-Aslesha(9)-Makha(10) etc. Thus, the order of the Dasä shall be Venus (Bharani), Sun (Krittika), Moon(Rohini), Mars (Mrigasira), Rähu (Ardra), Jupiter (Punarvasu), Saturn (Pusya), Mercury(Aslesha) and Ketu (Makha).
Paräsara has advised the use of this Vimsottari dasä for all purposes as it is the best Ududasä. Whereas he has given a very specific rule (Criteria-1) for the use of Ashtottari Dasä(108 years) by stating[7]4 that Rähu in a quadrant or trine from the Lord of Lagnadetermines the applicability of Ashtottari dasä, subsequently he gives the following advise(Criteria-2):“If birth is at day in Krishna Paksha[8] or at night in Sukla Paksha[9], the use of Ashtottaridasä is advised.” If this advise is to be taken at face value, then by implication the Vimsottaridasä would apply only if birth is at night in Krishna Paksha or at day in Sukla Paksha.Considering Criteria-1 & 2 together, Ashtottari dasä will be applicable in about 25% charts.Thus, Vimsottari dasä is applicable in about 75% birth charts[10]. Summing up, check thefollowing:-1) Whether Rähu is placed in a Kendra or Trikona from Paka Lagna (i.e. the sign occupiedby the Lord of Lagna).2) Whether birth at day time is in Krishna Paksha, OR Whether birth at night time is in Sukla
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Pt.Sanjay Rath - Vimshottari Dasha #1
Paksha.3) If both of (1) or (2) above is applicable, then use Ashtottari dasä, else apply Vimsottaridasä.
Determination of Starting Dasä
It has become a common practice to initiate the Vimsottari dasä from the constellationoccupied by the Moon. However specific rules exist for determining the starting constellation.Determine the following five constellations: -(i) Lagna Nakshatra: the constellation, which houses the rising degree of the ascendant.(ii) Janma Nakshatra: the constellation, which is occupied by the Moon in the horoscope(Birth chart).(iii) Name Nakshatra: the constellation/Pada indicated by the first letter in the name of theperson (refer Table – at Appendix I).(iv) Prasna Nakshatra: the constellation occupied by the Moon at the time of query orexamination of a chart, and,(v) Utpanna[11] Nakshatra[12]: the fifth constellation counted from the constellation occupiedby the Moon in the birth chart.
Lesson # 2:
1. stronger amongst Name Nakshatra and Prasna Nakshatra is used to determine the dasärelated to a horary (Prasna) chart, and2. the stronger amongst Lagna Nakshatra, Janma Nakshatra and the Utpanna Nakshatra isused to determine the dasä’ s for natal chart (horoscope).Although there maybe many methods to determine the relative strength of constellation, afew rules are given here.(i) Determine the number of planets in Kendra (quadrants) to the signs occupied by theconstellation[13]7. Larger number of planets in quadrant shall determine the stronger.(ii) If they are equal or if the constellations are in mutual quadrant, then the association oraspect of Jupiter, Mercury or Lord of the constellation is a source of strength[14].
Lesson # 3:
Whenever in doubt prefer the Moon constellation in ManushyaJataka(horoscope/charts relating to human beings) as the Mana (Mind) signified by the Moonshall determine the fortune.
Lesson # 4:
In case there are four or more planets in quadrant to Lagna, then Tara dasä (amodification of Vimsottari dasä) shall apply.In the case of Tara[15] dasä, the strongest planet in Kendra initiates the dasä, which isfollowed by other planets in the Kendra[16]. Thereafter planets in Panapara[17] andApoklimas[18] furnish the dasä. The dasä periods are the same as for Vimsottari dasä.
Calculation of Dasä Balance
After having determined the strongest constellation that will initiate the Vimsottari dasä, thenext logical step is to determine the balance of dasä.Step 1: Determine the exact longitude of the Lagna/Moon as the case maybe. (Say M)Step 2: Expunge the longitude of the starting point of the constellation (Say N) from it. Thuswe have (M-N) the progress in the constellation.
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