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Cum Se Alege Un Generator

Cum Se Alege Un Generator

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Published by leinad71

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Published by: leinad71 on Aug 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/14/2013

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I<I?O~
Gi:Ni:ilATOAili:INTi:LIGi:NTi:
GENERATOARE
I
cumalegemungenerator
I
nstalareageneratorului
I
lntretlnere§irevizii
I
consumabile§iaccesorii
 
I<I?O~
Gi:Ni:ilATOAili:INTi:LIGi:NTi:
Cum
sa
alegemcorectungeneratordecurent
Vapropunem
0
metodaslrnplapentrudeterminareaputeriiunuigeneratorin5pasl:1.Facetl
0
llstacuconsumatoriicarevorfi
conectaf
lagenerator.2.NotatlputereainWatt,tipuldeconsumator(rezistiv
I
inductiv)§iapoicosPhi(factoruldeputere).3.CalculatlputereainVApentrufiecareconsumator.candcosPhi=1,VA=WcandcosPhi
<
1,VA=
WI
cosPhiPentrumotoareleelectriceseiainconsiderareputereatransformatainCPrnultlpllcatacu2
(1kW=1,3S962CP).
Atentie!Acestacalculesteempiricsiestevalabilinaprox.90%dincazuri,darnuintotdeauna.4.AdunatitoatevalorileobtinuteinVA.5.Adaugati
0
marjadesigurantade20%lavaloareaobtinuta.Observatle:Estepreferabilcaungeneratorsanufienevoitsalucrezelaputereasamaximainmodpermanent.Oriceaparatsolicitatlaputereamaximaseuzeazamairapid.Uzura,pentruungeneratorestemultmairedusala75-80%dinputere.
Exemple
1-Avemnevoiedeungeneratordecurentpentruaalimentacuenergieelectricaconsumatorimonofazatidupacumurmeaza:unresoude500W,51ampitipneona50Wattfiecaresiaunuicompresordeaercumotorde1,5kW(2CP).
Atentie:
motorulasincronabsoarbelapornirede2-3oriputerea
nornlnalal
CONSUMATORWATTTIPCOSPHIVACOEFICIENTKVADESIGURANTAGENERATOR
RE$OUSOOWREZISTIV1SOOVANEONSXSOWINDUCTIVO,SSOOVACOMPRESOR1SOOW/2CPINDUCTIV
O,B
4000VATOTALSOOOVAX1,26000VA/6kVA
2-Avemnevoiedeungeneratordecurentpentruaalimentacuenergieelectrica:2motoareelectricetrifazatede3kWcupornireinsarcinasi31ampitipneona100Wattfiecare.a)Motoarelepornescinacelasltimp
CONSUMATORWATTTIPCOSPHIVACOEFICIENTKVADESIGURANTAGENERATORMOTOR13.000W/4CPINDUCTIV
O,B
B.OOOVAMOTOR23.000W/4CPINDUCTIV
O,B
B.OOOVANEON3X100WINDUCTIVO,S600VATOTAL16.600VAX1,2
20.000VA/20kVA
b)Motoarelenupornescinacelasltimp
CONSUMATORWATTTIPCOSPHIVACOEFICIENTKVADESIGURANTAGENERATOR
.
MOTOR13.000W/4CPINDUCTIV
O,B
B.OOOVAMOTOR23.000W/4CPINDUCTIV
O,B
3.7S0VANEON3X100WINDUCTIVO,S600VATOTAL12.3S0VAX1,2
14.820VAl14,82kVA
 
I<I?O~
Gi:Ni:ilATOAili:INTi:LIGi:NTi:
3-Avemnevoiedeunungeneratordecurentpentruaalimentacuenergieelectrica:consumatorirncnofazatl:unfrigiderde500W,unbeccufilamentde50W,
0
larnpatipneonde50W§iunresoude1000W.consumatori
trlfazatl:
unmotortrifaziccuputereade1,8kWcupornireinsarcina.consumatorimonofazici
CONSUMATORWATT/CPTIPCOSPHIVASTARTVACONT(yA=W/cosphi)(VA=W/cosphi)
FRIGIDER500
W/
0,68CPINDUCTIV
-
1.360VA500VABEC
SOW
REZISTIV150VA50VANEON
SOW
INDUCTIV0,5100VA100VARE$OU1.000
W
REZISTIV11.000VA1.000VATOTAL2,51kVA1,65kVA
consumatoritrifazici
CONSUMATORWATTTIPCOSPHIVASTARTVACONT(yA=W/cosphi)(VA=W/cosphi)
MOTOR1.800W/2,5CPINDUCTIV0,85.000VA2.300VATOTAL5kVA2,3kVA
Concluzie:-Dacatotlconsumatoriisuntallrnenta]simultan,putereanecesaralastartvafide5kVA+2,5kVA=7,5kVA;-Dacaestepornltrnaltntalmotorul,putereanecesaravafimaimica:5kVA+2,3kVA=7,3kVA.Sevaalegeungeneratordecurenttrifazatcuputeremaimaredecatcearezultatadincalcul;Consumatoriimonofazicisevorlegain
asa
fel
lncat
saseechilibrezefazele(se
accepta
0
tolerantademax.20%).CosPhiFactoruldeputere-deflnestecatanumedinputereaaparentaabsorbita(kVA)deunconsumatorinductivesteputereactlvautllizataefectiv(KW)decatreacestconsumator.Cucatestemaiapropiatde1cuatatpondereaputeriiactiveinceaaparentaestemaimare.Sltuatlaldealaesteaceeaincarecosphi=1,sltuatleincarePaparenta=PactlvaiarputereareactivePreactive=O.Existadinacestpunctdevederedouatipurideconsumatori:a)rezistivi:careaucosphi=1.Astfeldeconsumatorisuntbecurileculncandescenta,resourile,filtreledecafea,ciocanedelipit.b)inductivi:careaucosphi<1.Astfeldeconsumatorisuntsculeleelectrice(cosphi=0,97),motoareelectrice(cosphi=0,7-0,8),becuricuneon,transformatoaredesudura(0,5).

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