languages. Some trial has been given to this plan, but the results have not been very encouraging in any of the higher branches of knowledge."My conviction is that the Hindoo mind must work out its own problem,and that all we can do is to
set it to work
that is, to promote independentspeculation on all subjects."That sound judgment which gives men well to know what is best for them,as well as that faculty of invention which leads to the development of resources and to the increase of wealth and comfort, are both materiallyadvanced by, perhaps cannot rapidly be advanced without, a great taste for pure speculation among the general mass of the people, down to the lowestof those who can read and write."He also quotes from Sir John Herschel's historical article "Mathematics" in
, the work of Brahmagupta, an Indian astronomer of the seventh century, contains a general method for the resolution of indeterminate problems of the second degree; an investigation whichactually baffled the skill of every modern  analyst till the time of Lagrange's solution, not excepting the all-inventive Euler himself."The destruction of natural faculty which De Morgan deprecated seems to have beengoing on in other departments besides that of mathematics. A friend of mine who employshimself in founding in Europe little colonies of peasant artists, and who for that purpose hasstudied good specimens of real old Eastern art, was invited to inspect some weaving done inIndia in an institution controlled by Englishmen. "Art?" he said to me, "call that Art? TrueArt always expresses some real feeling, personal or national; that stuff is neither English nor Hindu nor anything else. Some boy from Cambridge or Oxford goes out there and thinks hecan tell the Hindus what they ought to do!"And indeed I fear that the "boy from Cambridge or Oxford," or some other cramming- place here, is the
fons et origo
of all the mischief. "We must keep a hold on India," say our governing classes, "or else what should we do for careers for our sons?" May the words prove prophetic, though spoken in stupid and cruel ignorance! May England long keep a hold onIndia as a school where "our sons" may learn the secret of true culture! But how can weexpect to retain the loyalty of Hindus, if we trample out their normal development and their self-respect? Someone wrote to me lately that Sister Nivedita cares for India, but not for thiscountry. I replied that Nivedita seems to me to be doing more than any other woman whom Iknow of for the peace and stability of the British Empire. I have gone through all this battle before, on a small scale, and seen the issue. Seventy years ago my father, a parish clergyman,started the (then novel) doctrine that the parish pastor is not a priest, either in religion or inart, but a state-"minister" (i.e., servant), appointed to organise the culture of the parish
inaccordance with the desires of the most serious and wise inhabitants
. The neighbouringclergy were alarmed and angry; they said that my father was encouraging disloyalty to thehierarchy of social rank and to the proper authority of the state clergy. But, notwithstandingtheir disapproval of the methods, they envied the results. There was no parish in the countryround where the inhabitants, even the Nonconformists, were so fond of the parish church; noclergyman who had such power as my father to sway the hearts of the people when any feudneeded to be healed or any wrong to be righted. Therefore I have no fear of normallydeveloped people; but I do dread human beings who have been mechanicalised and distorted.