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IRRI Annual Report 2010

IRRI Annual Report 2010

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Published by CPS_IRRI
Convenient Convergences in 2010: An update from the Director General
Convenient Convergences in 2010: An update from the Director General

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Published by: CPS_IRRI on Aug 10, 2011
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Cover photos
: IRRI Sta 
Cover design:
Juan Lazaro IV
Managing editor
: Gene Heel
: Alaric Francis Sanaguel
Gene Heel, Alaric Francis Sanaguel, Paula Bianca Ferrer, Lizbeth Severa Baroña
Maria Rowena Baltazar, Sophie Clayton, Maria Aileen Garcia, Gregory Howell, Krishna Jagadish,Ruben Lampayan, Trina Leah Mendoza, Andrew Nelson, Lanie Reyes, Joseph Rickman,Rona Niña Mae Rojas, Endang Sepningsih, Serge Savary
Copy editors
: Bill Hardy, Tess Rola
Design and layout
: Emmanuel Panisales
Various IRRI sta members
Videography (for DVD and Web versions):
Joe Ibabao, Jessieca Narciso, Angelica Ritual, Sophie Clayton
Producon assistants
: Antonee Abigail Caballero, Cynthia Quintos
: Lourdes Columbres
The Internaonal Rice Research Instute (IRRI) was established in 1960 by the Fordand Rockefeller Foundaons with the help and approval of the Government of thePhilippines. Today, IRRI is one of the 15 nonprot internaonal research centerssupported by the Consultave Group on Internaonal Agricultural Research (www.cgiar.org).IRRI receives support from the following CGIAR members: Asian Development Bank,Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, China, European Commission, Food and AgricultureOrganizaon, France, Germany, India, Internaonal Fund for Agricultural Development,Iran, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Rockefeller Foundaon,Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States of America, and theWorld Bank.In 2010, IRRI also received support from Africa Rice Center, Bayer CropScience AG,Bill & Melinda Gates Foundaon, Bioversity Internaonal, CGIAR/System-wide GenecResources Program/Special Program for Impact Assessment, Challenge Programs(Generaon, HarvestPlus, and Water&Food), Cornell University, Global Crop DiversityTrust, Grand Challenges in Global Health, Internaonal Atomic Energy Associaon,Internaonal Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Internaonal CropResearch Instute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Internaonal Ferlizer Industry Associaon,Internaonal Food Policy Research Instute, Internaonal Plant Nutrion Instute,Internaonal Potash Instute, Kellogg Foundaon, Nunhems BV, Pioneer Hi-BredInternaonal, Plan Internaonal Cambodia, Syngenta Asia Pacic Pte. Ltd., Vietnam, andWorld Vision, Inc., among others.The responsibility for this publicaon rests solely with the Internaonal Rice ResearchInstute.
Internaonal Rice Research Instute 2011This Annual Report is copyrighted by IRRI and is licensed for use under a CreaveCommons Aribuon-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License (Unported). Unlessotherwise noted, users are free to copy, duplicate, or reproduce, and distribute, display,or transmit any of the arcles or porons of the arcles, and to make translaons,adaptaons, or other derivave works under the following condions. To view the fulltext of this license, visit hp://creavecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.
Mailing address:
DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines
+63 (2) 580-5600
+63 (2) 580-5699
Web site:
Rice Knowledge Bank:
Courier address:
6776 Ayala Ave., Security Bank Centre,Suite 1009, Maka City, Metro Manila, 1226 Philippines
+63 (2) 856-6133
+63 (2) 891-1236
Suggested citaon:
IRRI (Internaonal Rice Research Instute). 2011. Annual report 2010. Los Baños(Philippines): Internaonal Rice Research Instute.
On the cover:
A montage of images depicng some of IRRI’s key research acvies in2010 and the faces of our major stakeholders—the rice farmers and consumers of theworld.
Annual Report 2010
Snapshots fromspace
Squeezing themost out of 
ood-proof rice
Cracking themystery of chalky rice
Resizing rice’scarbon footprint
   C   O
Financial supportfrom donors
Arming the footsoldiers of rice scienceBridging the “GAP”makes farmerswealthier
Turbocharging the
evoluon of rice
Rice with a vision
ManagingBangladeshi farmers’liquid assets
Selected acronyms
Convenient Convergences in2010: An update from theDirector General
A spark of lifewithout oxygen
“Cooler rice” for awarming planet
Women of war,women of peace
Ferlizerrecommendaonsat farmers’ ngerps
A team approachto rice health
br undr hat strss, (2)
xporin tchnooisthat wi potna cut down on th rnhous asmissions from ric producon, and (3) r-ninrinphotosnthsis in our
Ric Projct, which, w hop,wi nab th crop to produc 50% mor rains whiusin ss nitron and watr at th sam m.
Th dtais of ths and som othr thriinrsarch thrusts ar hihihtd in both th foowin pas of this aracv printd vrsion of th annuarport and th award-winnin DVD and Wb formatsthat hav bcom accaimd diita standards ovr thast thr ars.Athouh a of our major vnts and acvis in2010 ar covrd in dtai in th “Mistons” sconof th DVD and Wb vrsions, I woud ik to ca spciaanon to svra hr bcaus, as I think about it,a invov convnint convrncs to on dr oranothr.First, rar had w vr bun a ar with thpromis and potna that w saw for 2010. It had bndcads sinc thr was such broad and stron intrstin (and concrn about) aricutur and ric produconas w ar confrontd b a sobrin st of probms andchans toachiv obafood scuritand hp rduchunr andpovrt in thfac of thoomin cimatchan that Ihav aradaudd to. Thisconvrd nic with IRRI turnin 50 ars od in 2010.This sinicant miston av us an unprcdntdopportunit to paus and rct on th ssons of th past, whi ookin forward to th incrdibbrakthrouhs that scinc is st to brin th word inth futur.Our spcia birthda vnts, parcuar in Apriwith our aumni homcomin at hadquartrs and inNovmbr durin th 3rd Intrnaona Ric Conrssin Hanoi, av us rand stas upon which to showcasour important work to not on our cints and donorsbut aso to a nra pubic who ma hav—up tothn—known i or nothin about us. Durin th RicConrss, as th photo abov riht shows, I mad vrort to tak to oca mdia about what IRRI is doin.Our birthda part aso av us a “odn”opportunit to sponsor our 50th annivrsar 5-arfund-raisin campain (www.irrifund.or) to nd thrsourcs and buid th infrastructur IRRI wi nd torow and accrat its work in th dcads to com. Tonhanc this ort, w aunchd th IRRI FoundaonHon Kon (IFHK)
durin a spcia vnt thr inNovmbr. Support in Hon Kon for IRRI’s work aradcoms from som anonmous donors, but, with thstabishmnt of th IFHK, I xpct th support wi bothincras and bcom mor pubic. I’m vr xcitd bth support w ar arad n for th campain—from prsona donaons of US$1,000 to arr is frombi companis—and IRRI ooks forward to workin withth pop of Hon Kon to hp poor ric farmrs inAsia.Durin a pan discussion at th 29 Novmbraunch, I (at cntr in photo bow) tod th audinc inandanc that, as a major businss cntr in Asia andivn th cutura vau and importanc of ric thr,and China’s ro in th oba ric industr, Hon Konis ida pacd to hp rais awarnss about howric rsarch can hp achiv food scurit and rducpovrt in Asia. I pointd out that w ar mn manmovatd pop in Hon Kon and th rion whorconiz this and want to support th campain.Th aunch of th IFHK foows th Novmbr 2009aunch of th IRRI Fund Sinapor (IFS) in Sinapor.
Ths two nw IRRI charis wi b important
   g   e   N   e   H   e   T   T   e   l   A   S   I   A   S   O   C   I   e   T   y
 bfor formr U.S. Vic Prsidnt Agor coind th trm
 An Inconvenient Truth
for his 2006 documntar mof th sam nam to ducat ciznsabout oba warmin, I takd about a
Convenient Convergence
of th nxus of food scurit and cimatchan.What I man b this is that, rardss of th impactof futur cimat chan, most of th work that w dohr at IRRI is intndd to hav—and in man pacsis arad havin—an impact on improvin th ivs of th vr poor who iv in aras that ar actd b thsam xact strsss in aricutur that ar xpctd tobcom mor widsprad with cimat chan. Ourrsarch is aso improvin producvit and rducin thnvironmnta footprint of aricutur.Th souons for man farmrs’ most prssinprobms—drouht, oods, sainit du to sawatr
, tc., for rowin ric and othr crops—arconvrin with souons to probms posd b futur
Convenient Convergencesin 2010: An update rom theDirector General 
cimat chan. I strssd this point durin a pandiscussion on
Partnering with smallholders:
Strategies for food security 
, in which I parcipatd durin th 2010Borau Diaou of th Word Food Priz vnts in DsMoins, Iowa, ast Octobr. I addd that, b appinoursvs and thn ookin at th chans from thprspcvs of farmrs’ nds toda, th nds of thnvironmnt tomorrow, and th chans that farmrswi b facin b 2050, w hav an opportunit todvop mup-win scnarios.Thr is xcin rsarch prorss to rport onfor 2010, som of which iustrats m point aboutconvnint convrncs and mup-win scnarios.For xamp, our scinsts ar conducn cropmanamnt rsarch to squz vn mor id outof our ood-torant ric varis, such as Swarna-Sub1 (photo). In anothr projct, w ar ookin tonhanc our Sub1 varis b incorporan sainittoranc into thm as w. And, in work that is dirctratd to dain with th hor das and nihts of tomorrow, w ar (1) dvopin varis that can cop
   A   D   A   M    B   A   R   C   l   A   y   I   S   A   g   A   N   I   S   e   R   R   A   N   O

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