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IRRI Annual Report 2010

IRRI Annual Report 2010

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Published by CPS_IRRI
Convenient Convergences in 2010: An update from the Director General
Convenient Convergences in 2010: An update from the Director General

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Published by: CPS_IRRI on Aug 10, 2011
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LEGAL
 
Cover photos
: IRRI Sta 
Cover design:
Juan Lazaro IV
Managing editor
: Gene Heel
Editor
: Alaric Francis Sanaguel
Writers:
Gene Heel, Alaric Francis Sanaguel, Paula Bianca Ferrer, Lizbeth Severa Baroña
, 
Maria Rowena Baltazar, Sophie Clayton, Maria Aileen Garcia, Gregory Howell, Krishna Jagadish,Ruben Lampayan, Trina Leah Mendoza, Andrew Nelson, Lanie Reyes, Joseph Rickman,Rona Niña Mae Rojas, Endang Sepningsih, Serge Savary
Copy editors
: Bill Hardy, Tess Rola
Design and layout
: Emmanuel Panisales
Photography:
Various IRRI sta members
Videography (for DVD and Web versions):
Joe Ibabao, Jessieca Narciso, Angelica Ritual, Sophie Clayton
Producon assistants
: Antonee Abigail Caballero, Cynthia Quintos
Distribuon
: Lourdes Columbres
The Internaonal Rice Research Instute (IRRI) was established in 1960 by the Fordand Rockefeller Foundaons with the help and approval of the Government of thePhilippines. Today, IRRI is one of the 15 nonprot internaonal research centerssupported by the Consultave Group on Internaonal Agricultural Research (www.cgiar.org).IRRI receives support from the following CGIAR members: Asian Development Bank,Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, China, European Commission, Food and AgricultureOrganizaon, France, Germany, India, Internaonal Fund for Agricultural Development,Iran, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Rockefeller Foundaon,Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States of America, and theWorld Bank.In 2010, IRRI also received support from Africa Rice Center, Bayer CropScience AG,Bill & Melinda Gates Foundaon, Bioversity Internaonal, CGIAR/System-wide GenecResources Program/Special Program for Impact Assessment, Challenge Programs(Generaon, HarvestPlus, and Water&Food), Cornell University, Global Crop DiversityTrust, Grand Challenges in Global Health, Internaonal Atomic Energy Associaon,Internaonal Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Internaonal CropResearch Instute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Internaonal Ferlizer Industry Associaon,Internaonal Food Policy Research Instute, Internaonal Plant Nutrion Instute,Internaonal Potash Instute, Kellogg Foundaon, Nunhems BV, Pioneer Hi-BredInternaonal, Plan Internaonal Cambodia, Syngenta Asia Pacic Pte. Ltd., Vietnam, andWorld Vision, Inc., among others.The responsibility for this publicaon rests solely with the Internaonal Rice ResearchInstute.
 
Internaonal Rice Research Instute 2011This Annual Report is copyrighted by IRRI and is licensed for use under a CreaveCommons Aribuon-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License (Unported). Unlessotherwise noted, users are free to copy, duplicate, or reproduce, and distribute, display,or transmit any of the arcles or porons of the arcles, and to make translaons,adaptaons, or other derivave works under the following condions. To view the fulltext of this license, visit hp://creavecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.
Mailing address:
DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines
Phone:
+63 (2) 580-5600
Fax:
+63 (2) 580-5699
Email:
irri@cgiar.org
Web site:
www.irri.org
Rice Knowledge Bank:
www.knowledgebank.irri.org
Courier address:
6776 Ayala Ave., Security Bank Centre,Suite 1009, Maka City, Metro Manila, 1226 Philippines
Phone:
+63 (2) 856-6133
Fax:
+63 (2) 891-1236
Suggested citaon:
IRRI (Internaonal Rice Research Instute). 2011. Annual report 2010. Los Baños(Philippines): Internaonal Rice Research Instute.
On the cover:
A montage of images depicng some of IRRI’s key research acvies in2010 and the faces of our major stakeholders—the rice farmers and consumers of theworld.
cc
Contents
Annual Report 2010
Snapshots fromspace
8
Double-troublerice
14
Squeezing themost out of 
ood-proof rice
22
Cracking themystery of chalky rice
28
 
Resizing rice’scarbon footprint
   C   O
2
34
Financial supportfrom donors
4010
Arming the footsoldiers of rice scienceBridging the “GAP”makes farmerswealthier
16
Turbocharging the
evoluon of rice
24
 
Rice with a vision
30
ManagingBangladeshi farmers’liquid assets
36
Selected acronyms
42
Convenient Convergences in2010: An update from theDirector General
4
A spark of lifewithout oxygen
12
“Cooler rice” for awarming planet
18
Women of war,women of peace
26
Ferlizerrecommendaonsat farmers’ ngerps
32
A team approachto rice health
38
 
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5
br undr hat strss, (2)
xporin tchnooisthat wi potna cut down on th rnhous asmissions from ric producon, and (3) r-ninrinphotosnthsis in our
C
4
Ric Projct, which, w hop,wi nab th crop to produc 50% mor rains whiusin ss nitron and watr at th sam m.
Th dtais of ths and som othr thriinrsarch thrusts ar hihihtd in both th foowin pas of this aracv printd vrsion of th annuarport and th award-winnin DVD and Wb formatsthat hav bcom accaimd diita standards ovr thast thr ars.Athouh a of our major vnts and acvis in2010 ar covrd in dtai in th “Mistons” sconof th DVD and Wb vrsions, I woud ik to ca spciaanon to svra hr bcaus, as I think about it,a invov convnint convrncs to on dr oranothr.First, rar had w vr bun a ar with thpromis and potna that w saw for 2010. It had bndcads sinc thr was such broad and stron intrstin (and concrn about) aricutur and ric produconas w ar confrontd b a sobrin st of probms andchans toachiv obafood scuritand hp rduchunr andpovrt in thfac of thoomin cimatchan that Ihav aradaudd to. Thisconvrd nic with IRRI turnin 50 ars od in 2010.This sinicant miston av us an unprcdntdopportunit to paus and rct on th ssons of th past, whi ookin forward to th incrdibbrakthrouhs that scinc is st to brin th word inth futur.Our spcia birthda vnts, parcuar in Apriwith our aumni homcomin at hadquartrs and inNovmbr durin th 3rd Intrnaona Ric Conrssin Hanoi, av us rand stas upon which to showcasour important work to not on our cints and donorsbut aso to a nra pubic who ma hav—up tothn—known i or nothin about us. Durin th RicConrss, as th photo abov riht shows, I mad vrort to tak to oca mdia about what IRRI is doin.Our birthda part aso av us a “odn”opportunit to sponsor our 50th annivrsar 5-arfund-raisin campain (www.irrifund.or) to nd thrsourcs and buid th infrastructur IRRI wi nd torow and accrat its work in th dcads to com. Tonhanc this ort, w aunchd th IRRI FoundaonHon Kon (IFHK)
 
durin a spcia vnt thr inNovmbr. Support in Hon Kon for IRRI’s work aradcoms from som anonmous donors, but, with thstabishmnt of th IFHK, I xpct th support wi bothincras and bcom mor pubic. I’m vr xcitd bth support w ar arad n for th campain—from prsona donaons of US$1,000 to arr is frombi companis—and IRRI ooks forward to workin withth pop of Hon Kon to hp poor ric farmrs inAsia.Durin a pan discussion at th 29 Novmbraunch, I (at cntr in photo bow) tod th audinc inandanc that, as a major businss cntr in Asia andivn th cutura vau and importanc of ric thr,and China’s ro in th oba ric industr, Hon Konis ida pacd to hp rais awarnss about howric rsarch can hp achiv food scurit and rducpovrt in Asia. I pointd out that w ar mn manmovatd pop in Hon Kon and th rion whorconiz this and want to support th campain.Th aunch of th IFHK foows th Novmbr 2009aunch of th IRRI Fund Sinapor (IFS) in Sinapor.
 
Ths two nw IRRI charis wi b important
   g   e   N   e   H   e   T   T   e   l   A   S   I   A   S   O   C   I   e   T   y
 
W
 bfor formr U.S. Vic Prsidnt Agor coind th trm
 An Inconvenient Truth
for his 2006 documntar mof th sam nam to ducat ciznsabout oba warmin, I takd about a
Convenient Convergence
of th nxus of food scurit and cimatchan.What I man b this is that, rardss of th impactof futur cimat chan, most of th work that w dohr at IRRI is intndd to hav—and in man pacsis arad havin—an impact on improvin th ivs of th vr poor who iv in aras that ar actd b thsam xact strsss in aricutur that ar xpctd tobcom mor widsprad with cimat chan. Ourrsarch is aso improvin producvit and rducin thnvironmnta footprint of aricutur.Th souons for man farmrs’ most prssinprobms—drouht, oods, sainit du to sawatr
intrusion
, tc., for rowin ric and othr crops—arconvrin with souons to probms posd b futur
Convenient Convergencesin 2010: An update rom theDirector General 
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cimat chan. I strssd this point durin a pandiscussion on
Partnering with smallholders:
 
Strategies for food security 
, in which I parcipatd durin th 2010Borau Diaou of th Word Food Priz vnts in DsMoins, Iowa, ast Octobr. I addd that, b appinoursvs and thn ookin at th chans from thprspcvs of farmrs’ nds toda, th nds of thnvironmnt tomorrow, and th chans that farmrswi b facin b 2050, w hav an opportunit todvop mup-win scnarios.Thr is xcin rsarch prorss to rport onfor 2010, som of which iustrats m point aboutconvnint convrncs and mup-win scnarios.For xamp, our scinsts ar conducn cropmanamnt rsarch to squz vn mor id outof our ood-torant ric varis, such as Swarna-Sub1 (photo). In anothr projct, w ar ookin tonhanc our Sub1 varis b incorporan sainittoranc into thm as w. And, in work that is dirctratd to dain with th hor das and nihts of tomorrow, w ar (1) dvopin varis that can cop
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