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NASA Facts International Space Station Assembly Rev E June 1999

NASA Facts International Space Station Assembly Rev E June 1999

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Aug 10, 2011
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National Aeronautics andSpace Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center IS-1999-06-ISS012JSC
Houston, Texas 77058
International Space Station June 1999
Date Flight LaunchVehicleConfiguration Element(s) RationaleNov19981A/R RussianProtonRocket
Zarya controlmodule(Functional CargoBlock-FGB)
Launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome,Kazakstan, on Nov. 20, 1998.
It provides propulsive control capability andpower through the early assembly stages.It provides fuel storage capability.It provides a rendezvous and docking capabilityto the Service Module.Dec19982AUSSpaceShuttle(STS-88)
Unity connectingmodule (Node 1)2 PressurizedMating Adaptersattached to Unity
Unity was launched aboard the ShuttleEndeavour on Dec. 4, 1998, and attached onDec. 6, 1998 to the orbiting Zarya module.
PMA-1 connects Unity and Zarya. PMA-2provides a Shuttle docking location.Eventually, Unity’s six ports will provideconnecting points for the Z1 truss exteriorframework; U.S. lab; airlock; cupola; Node 3;and the MPLM as well as Zarya.May19992A.1USSpaceShuttle(STS-96)
Spacehab DoubleCargo Module
Shuttle mission STS-96, assembly flight 2A.1,was flown aboard Discovery May 27-June 6,1999, carrying almost two tons of supplies tothe station.
Carries external Russian cargo crane to bemounted to exterior of Russian station segmentand used to perform spacewalking maintenanceactivities.Nov19991RRussianProtonRocketZvezda ServiceModuleThe Zvezda Module (technically called theService Module) is the primary Russian stationcontribution and an early station living quarters.It provides life support system functions to allearly elements.Primary docking port for Progress-type cargoresupply vehicles.Provides propulsive attitude control and reboostcapability for early station.Dec19992A.2USSpaceShuttle(STS-101)
Spacehab DoubleCargo ModuleCarries logistics and supply cargo for stationoutfitting.Carries Russian Strela crane telescopic boom tobe attached to station's exterior.Performs orbital checkout and setup of Zvezdamodule.Feb20003AUSSpaceShuttle(STS-92)
Integrated TrussStructure (ITS)Z1PMA-3Ku-bandcommunicationssystemControl MomentGyros (CMGs)ITS Z1 is an early exterior framework to allowfirst U.S. solar arrays on flight 4A to betemporarily installed on Unity for early power.Ku-band communication system supports earlyscience capability and U.S. television on 5A.1.CMGs provide non-propulsive (electricallypowered) attitude control when activated on 5A.PMA-3 provides Shuttle docking port for solararray installation on 4A, Lab installation on 5A.
Date Flight LaunchVehicleConfiguration Element(s) RationaleMar20002R RussianSoyuzRocketFirst CrewLaunch:Expedition1 crew up
SoyuzEstablishes first station manning with three-person resident crew (designated Expedition 1crew): Commnader Bill Shepherd; SoyuzCommander Yuri Gidzenko; Flight EngineerSergei Krikalev.Provides Russian assured crew return capabilitywithout the Space Shuttle present.Station begins permanent human presence.Mar20004AUSSpaceShuttle(STS-97)
Integrated TrussStructure P6• PhotovoltaicModule• RadiatorsProvides first US solar power with solar arraysand batteries, called photovoltaic (PV) module.First PV module installed temporarily on Z1 trussuntil after flight 13A when it can be moved to theP5 truss segment.Two radiators provide early cooling, calledphotovoltaic (PV) Thermal Control System(TCS) radiators. Also, S-band communicationssystem is activated for voice and telemetry.Apr20005AUSSpaceShuttle(STS-98)
U.S. DestinyLaboratoryModuleDestiny Laboratory provides initial U.S. usercapability.Destiny is launched with 5 system racks alreadyinstalled inside of the module.Control Moment Gyroscopes are activated withdelivery of electronics in lab, providingelectrically powered attitude control.Jun20005A.1USSpaceShuttle(STS-102)
CrewExchange:Ex-2 upEx-1 down• DestinyLaboratoryOutfittingLeonardo Multi-PurposeLogistics Module(MPLM) carriesequipment racksLaunches second resident crew (designatedExpedition 2 crew) to the station: CommanderYuri Usachev, James S. Voss and Susan Helms;Returns first crew to Earth: Shepherd, Gidzenkoand Krikalev.Provides logistics and resupply.Carries equipment racks to outfit the U.S. DestinyLaboratory Module in first flight of the Italian-built Leonardo logistics module.July20006AUSSpaceShuttle(STS-100)
Raffaello MPLM(Lab outfitting)Ultra HighFrequency(UHF) antennaSpace StationRemoteManipulatorSystemFirst flight of Italian-built Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) carries 6system racks and 2 storage racks for U.S. Lab.UHF antenna provides space-to-spacecommunications capability for US-basedspacewalks.Delivers Canadian SSRMS (station mechanicalarm) needed to perform assembly operations onlater flights.Aug20007AUSSpaceShuttle(STS-104)
Joint AirlocHigh PressureGas AssemblyAirlock provides station-based ExtravehicularActivity (EVA) spacewalking capability for bothUS and Russian spacesuits.High pressure gas assembly supports spacewalk operations and augments the Zvezda ServiceModule gas resupply system.

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