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Longest Words

Longest Words

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Published by Jenny A. James

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Published by: Jenny A. James on Aug 10, 2011
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Longest Words
If you think that
ANTIDISESTABLISHMENTARIANISM
and
SUPERCALIFRAGI-LISTICEXPIALIDOCIOUS
are the longest words in the English dictionary, you are wrong.There are longer ones but some are listed only in a few dictionaries while others are debatablynot words. For instance, the
ANTIDISESTABLISHMENTARIANISM
is generally consideredthe longest word today but it must have never been used at all. Others also suggest adding
NON-
to the latter word to make it longer yet it is still debatable.In science, newly-discovered or newly-formed chemicals can actually be named using millionsof letters through the current systematic naming system. For this system is intended tomethodically describe structures of molecules. But then, it would seem very inconvenient for achemist to use a really long name.There are nevertheless, very long,
REAL WORDS
listed in English dictionaries. Some of themare chemical terms. A few of them are used in literature by known authors while others arenames of places or people. To know them all, read more.
A.
 
Listed in Dictionaries
(45 letters)
 
PNEUMONOULTRAMICROSCOPICSILICOVOLCANOCONIOSIS
(alsospelled
PNEUMONOULTRAMICROSCOPICSILICOVOLCANOKONIOSIS
) =
a lungdisease caused by breathing in particles of siliceous volcanic dust.
 This is the longest word in any English dictionary. However, it was coined by Everett Smith, thePresident of 
The National Puzzlers' League
, in 1935 purely for the purpose of inventing a new"longest word".
The Oxford English Dictionary
described the word as
factitious
. Nevertheless italso appears in the
Webster's
,
 Random House
, and
Chambers
dictionaries.
(37 letters)
 
HEPATICOCHOLANGIOCHOLECYSTENTEROSTOMIES
=
a surgicalcreation of a connection between the gall bladder and a hepatic duct and between the intestineand the gall bladder.
 This is the longest word in
Gould's Medical Dictionary
.
(34 letters)
 
SUPERCALIFRAGILISTICEXPIALIDOCIOUS
=
song title from the Walt  Disney movie Mary Poppins.
 It is in the
Oxford English Dictionary
."But then one day I learned a wordThat saved me achin' nose,The biggest word you ever 'eard,And this is 'ow it goes:Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious!"
 
(30)
 
HIPPOPOTOMONSTROSESQUIPEDALIAN
=
 pertaining to a very long word.
 From
 Mrs. Byrne's Dictionary of Unusual, Obscure and Preposterous Words
.
(29 letters)
 
FLOCCINAUCINIHILIPILIFICATION
=
an estimation of something asworthless.
 This is the longest word in the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. Interestingly themost common letter in English,
E
, does not appear in this word at all, whilst
I
occurs a total of nine times. The word dates back to 1741. The
1992 Guinness Book of World Records
calls
floccinaucinihilipilification
the longest real word in the
Oxford English Dictionary
, and refersto
pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanokoniosis
as the longest made-up one.
(28 letters)
 
ANTIDISESTABLISHMENTARIANISM
=
the belief which opposes removingthe tie between church and state.
 Probably the most popular of the "longest words" in recent decades.
(27 letters)
 
HONORIFICABILITUDINITATIBUS
=
honorableness.
 The word first appeared in English in 1599, and in 1721 was listed by
 Bailey's Dictionary
as thelongest word in English. It was used by Shakespeare in
 Love's Labor's Lost 
(Costard; Act V,Scene I):"O, they have lived long on the alms-basket of words.I marvel thy master hath not eaten thee for a word;for thou art not so long by the head ashonorificabilitudinitatibus: thou art easierswallowed than a flap-dragon."Shakespeare does not use any other words over 17 letters in length.
(27 letters)
 
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHICALLY
 The longest unhyphenated word in
 Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (10th Ed.)
, jointwith
ethylenediaminetetraacetate
(see below).
(27 letters)
 
ANTITRANSUBSTANTIATIONALIST
=
one who doubts that consecrated bread and wine actually change into the body and blood of Christ.
 
(21 letters)
 
DISPROPORTIONABLENESS
and
(21)
 
INCOMPREHENSIBILITIES
 These are described by the
1992 Guinness Book of World Records
as the longest words incommon usage.Some say
SMILES
is the longest word because there is a
MILE
between the first and lastletters! But of course, this is just a joke.
 
B.
 
Chemical Terms
Two chemical terms (3,641 and 1,913 letters long) have appeared in the
Guinness Book of World  Records
. They were withdrawn because they have never been used by chemists, and there is notheoretical limit to the length of possible legitimate chemical terms. A DNA molecule could havea name of over 1,000,000,000 letters if it was written out in full.
(1,185)
 
ACETYLSERYLTYROSYLSERYLISOLEUCYLTHREONYLSERYLPROLYL-SERYLGLUTAMINYLPHENYLALANYLVALYLPHENYLALANYLLEUCYLSERYL-SERYLVALYLTRYPTOPHYLALANYLASPARTYLPROLYLISOLEUCYL-GLUTAMYLLEUCYLLEUCYLASPARAGINYLVALYLCYSTEINYLTHREONYL-SERYLSERYLLEUCYLGLYCYLASPARAGINYLGLUTAMINYLPHENYLALANYL-GLUTAMINYLTHREONYLGLUTAMINYLGLUTAMINYLALANYLARGINYL-THREONYLTHREONYLGLUTAMINYLVALYLGLUTAMINYLGLUTAMINYL-PHENYLALANYLSERYLGLUTAMINYLVALYLTRYPTOPHYLLYSYLPROLYL-PHENYLALANYLPROLYLGLUTAMINYLSERYLTHREONYLVALYLARGINYL-PHENYLALANYLPROLYLGLYCYLASPARTYLVALYLTYROSYLLYSYLVALYL-TYROSYLARGINYLTYROSYLASPARAGINYLALANYLVALYLLEUCYL-ASPARTYLPROLYLLEUCYLISOLEUCYLTHREONYLALANYLLEUCYLLEUCYL-GLYCYLTHREONYLPHENYLALANYLASPARTYLTHREONYLARGINYL-ASPARAGINYLARGINYLISOLEUCYLISOLEUCYLGLUTAMYLVALYL-GLUTAMYLASPARAGINYLGLUTAMINYLGLUTAMINYLSERYLPROLYL-THREONYLTHREONYLALANYLGLUTAMYLTHREONYLLEUCYLASPARTYL-ALANYLTHREONYLARGINYLARGINYLVALYLASPARTYLASPARTYLALANYL-THREONYLVALYLALANYLISOLEUCYLARGINYLSERYLALANYL-ASPARAGINYLISOLEUCYLASPARAGINYLLEUCYLVALYLASPARAGINYL-GLUTAMYLLEUCYLVALYLARGINYLGLYCYLTHREONYLGLYCYLLEUCYL-TYROSYLASPARAGINYLGLUTAMINYLASPARAGINYLTHREONYLPHENYL-ALANYLGLUTAMYLSERYLMETHIONYLSERYLGLYCYLLEUCYLVALYL-TRYPTOPHYLTHREONYLSERYLALANYLPROLYLALANYLSERINE
=
Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Dahlemense Strain.
 This word has appeared in the
 American Chemical Society's Chemical Abstracts
and is thusconsidered by some to be the longest real word.
(39)
 
TETRAMETHYLDIAMINOBENZHYDRYLPHOSPHINOUS
=
a type of acid.
 This is the longest chemical term in the
Oxford English Dictionary (2nd Ed.)
. It does not have itsown entry but appears under a citation for another word.
(37)
 
FORMALDEHYDETETRAMETHYLAMIDOFLUORIMUM
 Chemical term in the
Oxford English Dictionary (2nd Ed.)
.
(37)
 
DIMETHYLAMIDOPHENYLDIMETHYLPYRAZOLONE
 Chemical term in the
Oxford English Dictionary (2nd Ed.)
.

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