CONSTITUENTS.—Volatile oil (
per cent.), containing borneol,aristolochine, C
(very bitter), tannin, resin, starch, etc.
Preparation of Aristolochine
.—Precipitate decoction with lead acetate; ex. haustprecipitate with hot alcohol; evaporate; dissolve out alkaloid with water. It is bitter,yellow, amorphous, or in needles; soluble in alcohol, water, precipitated by tannin.
ACTION AND USES.—Aromatic stimulant and tonic. Its only possibletherapeutic virtue is as a stimulant to the gastric mucosa—Wood.Dose: 5 to 30 gr. (0.3 to 2 Gm.).
Tinctura Cinchonæ Composita
(2 percent. of serpentaria) 1 to 4 fl. dr. (4 to 15mils).119.
Linné.—CANADA SNAKE-ROOT. Asarum, N.F.WILD GINGER. A long, creeping rhizome, more or less contorted. In commercebroken into pieces from 100 to 150 mm. (4 to 6 in.) long, from the thickness of a strawto that of a goose-quill; somewhat quadrangular or twoedged; externally grayish-biown, longitudinally wrinkled, beset with small fibers, easily broken off; internallynearly white, the small wood-bundles surrounding a large pith; odor peculiar,aromatic; taste aromatic and pungent. it contains a large percentage of volatile oilwhich is often used in perfumery. This contains asarol, probably identical withlinalool, its acetic and valerianic esters, methyl eugenol. Aromatic stimulant andtonic. Dose: 30 gr. (2 Gm.).
Herbs or woody plants with alternate, entire
, and with the stipules in the formof sheaths above the smaller joints of the stem.
an akene. The leaves and stemare very rich in crystals of calcium oxalate.
RHUBARBRHUBARBThe dried rhizome and roots of
Linné, and the var.
Maximowicz, and probably other species of Rheum,deprived of most of the cortex and carefully dried.
Sayre’s Materia Medica part II - Page 3