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Keperluan Laporan Eia Terperinci

Keperluan Laporan Eia Terperinci

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Published by: shahdan_n9 on Aug 11, 2011
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KEPERLUAN LAPORAN EIA TERPERINCIJabatan Alam Sekitar mengkehendaki supaya prosedur Laporan Kajian EIA Terperinci (DEIA)diikuti bagi aktiviti-aktivitidi bawah Perintah Kualiti Alam Sekeliling (Aktiviti yang Ditetapkan) (Penilaian Kesan KepadaAlam Sekeliling) 1987seperti berikut:-1. Industri besi dan besi waja2. Industri kertas dan pulpa3. Loji pembuatan simen4. Pembinaan sistem janakuasa arang batu5. Pembinaan empangan-empangan bekalan air dan skim empangan dan kuasa hidroelektrik6. Tebusguna tanah7. Loji penunuan (buangan terjadual dan buangan pepejal perbandaran)8. Pembinaan kemudahan-kemudahan penimbusan tanah buangan pepejal (termasuk stesenpemindahan buanganpepejal)9. Projek melibatkan pembersihan tanah 50% kawasan adalah berkecerunan melebehi 25(kecuali kuari)10. Pembalakan meliputi kawasan seluas 500 hektar atau lebih11. Pemaju kemudahan-kemudahan pelancongan atau rekreasi di pulau-pulau dalamperairan sekeliling yang diwartakan sebagai taman-taman laut negara12. Pembinaan loji pulihguna (luar tapak) bagi buangan bateri asid-plumbum13. Pulih guna buangan terjadual (luar tapak) yang menghasilkan effluent yang signifikan danterletak di hulu takatpengambilan air minumanNota:Kehendaki ini berkuatkuasa serta merta. Penggerak projek bagi cadangan projek-projek diatas dikehendaki melaluiprosedur EIA Terperinci (DEIA) (Bidang Rujukan dan Pameran Awam) dan garispanduanyang berkaitan di dalammengemukakan Laporan DEIA kepada Jabatan Alam Sekitar.
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Environmental Impact Assessment
- Kali terakhir diubahsuai (Friday, 17 August 2007)
What is Environmental Impact Assessment?The aim of the environmental impact assessmentis to assess the overallimpact on the environment of development projects proposed by the public and privatesectors. The objectives of environmental impact assessment are:- To examine and select the best from the project options available;- To identify and incorporate into the project plan appropriate abatement and mitigatingmeasures;- To predict significant residual environmental impacts;- To determine the significant residual environmental impacts predicted; and- To identify the environmental costs and benefits of the project to the community.Why do we need EIA? EIA isessentially a planning tool for preventing environmental problems due to an action. It seeks toavoid costly mistakes inproject implementation, either because of the environmental damages that are likely to ariseduring projectimplementation, or because of modifications that may be required subsequently in order tomake the actionenvironmentally acceptable. In Malaysia, EIA is required under section 34A, EnvironmentalQuality Act, 1974.How to conduct EIA?To assist you in the preparation of environmental impact assessment reports, you may refer to"AHandbook of Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines" and EIA guidelines for specificactivities published by theDepartment of Environment. What are the EIA procedures? The EIA procedure adopted inMalaysia consists of threemajor steps.The steps in the EIA procedure are as follows:- Preliminary assessment of all prescribed activities;- Detailed assessment of those prescribed activities for which significant residualenvironmental impacts have beenpredicted in the preliminary assessment;-Review of assessment reports;
 
What are the steps of the EIA?Preliminary AssessmentThe objectives of Preliminary Assessment for prescribed activities are:- to examine and select the best from the project options available.- to identify and incorporate into the project plan appropriate abatement and mitigatingmeasures.- to identify significant residual environmental impacts.A Preliminary Assessment should normally be initiated during the early stages of projectplanning. Standard ProceduralSteps are provided and the assessment might be conducted "in house", or by a consultant.Some form of publicparticipation is mandatory. Environmental data collection may be necessary and close liaisonbetween the assessor andrelevant environment related agencies is encouraged. The results of Preliminary Assessmentare reported formally for examination and approval by the project approving authority and the Director General of Environmental Quality.Preliminary Assessment requires resources that are a small proportion of the man-hours,money, skills and equipmentcommitted to a pre-feasibility study and the assessment should be completed within the timeframe of that study.Detailed AssessmentThe objectives of Detailed Assessment for prescribed activities with potentially significantresidualenvironmental impact include :- to describe the significant residual environmental impacts predicted from the final projectplan;- to specify mitigating and abatement measures in the final project plan; and- to identify the environmental costs and benefits of the project to the community.Detailed Assessment should continue during project planning until the project plan is finalised.Standard procedural stepsare provided and specific terms of reference based on the results of Preliminary Assessmentare issued for each project.The Assessment might be conducted "in house" or by a consultant. The assessment methodis selected according to thenature of the project; some form of public participation is required. Environmental datacollection is almost certainlynecessary. The results of Detailed Assessment is reported formally.

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