train, flight control, and avionics systems. SUAV can fly in three flight modes ; helicopter,conversion, and airplane modes. After vertical takeoff in helicopter mode, the rotor is tilted bypreprogrammed conversion flight envelope. Various smart technologies have been applied to SUAV,fully autonomous flight including take off and landing, real time health monitoring, see and avoidcollision avoidance, automatic mission reconfiguration. The composition of SUAV system can beseen from Figure 1. The smart technologies are mainly incorporated in the platform and payloadsystems. Figure 2 shows civil application examples of SUAV. Many other applications beyond theseare possible such as surveillance, monitoring, exploration, telecommunication, etc.
Figure 1. Smart Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (SUAV) Figure 2. Civil Applications of SUAV
Design and Integration
In the initial stage of SUAV development, tilt rotor was selected as a baseline platform configurationfrom intensive trade study. From the study, tilt rotor showed more efficient performance for SUAVrequirements than the other candidate configurations of stopped rotor, compound gyrocopter.Especially, tilt rotor showed much higher endurance in the mission of surveillance because it couldbe operated by airplane mode during the most of mission profile except take off and landing.
Figure 3. CFD Analysis for SUAV Figure 2. WT test for SUAV powered test model
Various methodologies of design, analysis, and evaluation methods were applied to SUAV design.Figure 3 shows CFD analysis results for the full configuration of SUAV. Three configurations of isolated rotor, unpowered, and powered configurations were analyzed by computational method withdynamic overlapping grid scheme. Wind tunnel tests were performed for evaluating the aerodynamicdata of SUAV. Three types of unpowered static, powered static and dynamic wind tunnel test modelswere designed and fabricated. Most of wind tunnel tests, except forced vibration test, were performedin KARI subsonic wind tunnel of 3m by 4m test section. From the extensive tests, it can be obtainedvaluable data such as proprotor efficiency, control surface effectiveness, and dynamic stability data,and so on.Airframe structure of SUAV was designed for minimizing weight and fabrication process under thegiven design requirements of vibration, dynamic stability, load, strength and environments.Composite materials were applied in most of structures to save the weight, and the number of