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Table Of Contents

2.1.1 Introduction
2.1.2 Technical & Economic Feasibility
2.1.2.1 Plant Capacity
2.1.3 Social & Environmental Feasibility
2.1.4 Plant Components
2.2 Process Selection
1. Conventional processes
2.2.1 Conventional Processes
2.2.1.1 Once through Process
2.2.1.2 Conventional Recycle Process
2.2.2 Stamicarbon CO2 – stripping process
2.2.3 Snamprogetti Ammonia and self stripping processes
2.2.4 Isobaric double recycle process
2.2.5 ACES process
2.2.6 Process comparison
2.2.6.1 Advantages of ACES Process
3.0 Process Description and flow sheet
3.1 Process Description – ACES Process
3.1.1ACES Urea plants available in the world
3.2 Main component of the process
3.2.1 Reactor
3.2.2 Stripper
3.2.3 Carbamate Condenser
3.2.4 Scrubber
3.2.5 Medium Pressure Decomposer
3.2.6 Low Pressure Decomposer
3.2.7 Medium Pressure Absorber
3.2.8 Low Pressure Absorber
3.2.9 Flash Separator
3.2.10 Lower Separator
3.2.11 Upper Separator
3.2.12 Granulation Plant
3.3 Typical product quality
4.0 Site Selection & Plant Layout
4.1 Site Selection
Availability of raw material
4.1.1 Availability of raw materials
4.1.2 Infrastructure facilities
4.1.3 Legal obligations enforced by relevant authority or the government
4.1.4 Environment and Climate Conditions
4.1.5 Labour Force availability
4.1.6 Social considerations
4.1.7 Waste Management
4.2 Plant Layout
4.2.1 Importance
4.3 Environmental Impact Assessment
4.3.1 Objectives of EIA Assessment
4.3.2 Impact of the Urea Plant on the environment
Typical consumption figures for a granulation plant
4.3.3 Emissions to Air
4.3.4 Emissions to Water
4.3.5 Emissions to Land
4.3.6 Elimination Methods
4.4 Safety Of the Urea Plant
4.4.1 Safety factors relevant to urea
4.4.2 Safety Factors Relevant to Ammonia
4.4.3 Safety Factors Relevant to Ammonium Carbamate
4.4.4 Safety Factors Relevant to Biurete (byproduct)
5.0 Mass Balance Calculation
5.1 Material Balance
5.1.1 Reactor
5.1.2 Stripper
5.1.3 Carbamate Condenser
5.1.4 Scrubber
5.1.5 High Pressure Decomposer
5.1.6 Low Pressure Decomposer
5.1.7 Low Pressure Absorber
5.1.10 Lower Separator
5.1.11 Upper Separator
5.1.12 Waste Water Treatment Unit
5.1.13 Granulator
5.1.14 Screen
5.1.15 Product Cooler
5.1.16 Bag Filter
Material Flow Sheet
7.0 Heat Balance Calculation
7.1 Main Process Energy Balance
7.1.1 Reactor
7.1.2 Stripper
7.1.3 Scrubber
7.1.4 Carbamate Condenser
7.1.5 High pressure decomposer
7.1.6 Low pressure decomposer
7.1.7 Low pressure absorber
7.1.8 High pressure absorber
7.1.9 Flash separator
7.1.10 Lower separator
7.1.11 Upper separator
7.1.12 Process wastewater treatment unit
7.2 Granulation Plant
7.2.1 Granulator
7.2.2 Product cooler
8.0 Tabulated heat balance
8.1 Tabulated Heat Balance
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Urea Final Report

Urea Final Report

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Published by Haseeb Jatoi

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Published by: Haseeb Jatoi on Aug 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/03/2013

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