considerations with respect to the relation of space to time, and in the later books it was portrayed as a semi-empirical conclusion. Now, after muchadditional consideration, it has become evident that this reciprocal relationcan be derived deductively from the most general kind of premises.
All existing physical theory is based on the assumption that the universe inwhich we live is a universe of matter, one in which the fundamental entitiesare “elementary units” of matter existing in a framework provided by spaceand time. As brought out in the text, this concept is no longer tenable, because many ways are now known in which matter can be transformed intonon-matter, and obviously that which can be changed into something else isnot basic. There clearly must be some common denominator underlying bothof these interconvertible entities. This is not the kind of an issue on whichthere can be a legitimate difference of opinion. If matter is the basicconstituent of the universe, as current theory assumes, then it cannot bechanged into anything but some other form of matter. Conversely, if matter can be transformed into non-matter, as we now know that it can, then it isnot the basic constituent of the universe, and conventional physical theory isfounded on a false assumption. There is no escape from these cold, hardfacts.
The “matter” concept must therefore be replaced, and the only alternative insight is the concept of a universe in which the fundamental entities are unitsof motion rather than units of matter. A change to the concept of a universeof motion cannot be avoided; at the most, it can only be delayed. Thesignificance of this point, in the present connection, lies in the fact that thereciprocal relation between space and time, on which my new system of theory is based, is a necessary consequence of the “motion” concept. Oncethis concept of the nature of the universe is accepted, the reciprocal relationfollows automatically.
The argument in favor of the Reciprocal System that was presented in my previous publications can be summarized in this manner:1.
Existing theory, in the words of a prominent physicist quoted in thisvolume, is a “multitude of different parts and pieces that do not fittogether very well,” and it gives the wrong answers, or no answers atall, to many of the important questions that arise.2.
The Reciprocal System is a fully integrated theoretical structurederived in its entirety from a single set of basic premises, and it is a