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Hoover Institution Newsletter - Spring 2006

Hoover Institution Newsletter - Spring 2006

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Published by Hoover Institution
-Edward P. Lazear sworn in as Chairman of President's Council of Economic Advisers
-Hoover Fellow Shelby Steele awarded 2006 Bradley Prize
-Photocopies of Chiang Kai-shek diaries now open for researchers
-President George Bush meets with board of overseers in Washington
-President George W. Bush, Hoover fellows meet
-Edward P. Lazear sworn in as Chairman of President's Council of Economic Advisers
-Hoover Fellow Shelby Steele awarded 2006 Bradley Prize
-Photocopies of Chiang Kai-shek diaries now open for researchers
-President George Bush meets with board of overseers in Washington
-President George W. Bush, Hoover fellows meet

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Published by: Hoover Institution on Aug 11, 2011
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04/06/2014

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H
oover Institution senior fellowEdwardP.Lazear was sworninas chairman of the President’sCouncil of Economic Advisers onMarch 6 in Washington, D.C.In attendance at the ceremony inthe Eisenhower Executive OfficeBuilding were President George W.Bush; Carlos Gutierrez, secretary of commerce; Joshua Bolten, then-direc-tor of the Office of Management andBudget; members of Lazearsfamily;and other government officials.In comments delivered during theceremony, President Bush noted thatLazear “is an award-winning econo-mist from Stanford University. He’sbeen a partof the Hoover [Institu-tion]. He’s taught and lectured inAsia and the Middle East andEurope. He’s advised governments inthe former Soviet Union and EasternEurope on economic reform. He’sconducted path-breaking research in
E
DWARD
P. L
 AZEAR SWORN IN AS CHAIRMAN OF
P
RESIDENT
S
C
OUNCIL OF
E
CONOMIC
DVISERS
Spring 2006
Newsletter 
HOOVER INSTITUTION
The very
latest
HOOVER 
news:
updated daily news,features,people,and eventsat the Hoover Institution at— 
www.hoover.org
President George W. Bush meets with Hoover Institution fellows, overseers, andStanford University officials on Friday,April 21. See page 8 for details, additionalphotos on the meeting.
Steve Gladfelter/Visual Art Services
INSIDE
Q&A:A
BBAS
M
ILANION
I
RAN AND ANTI
-S
EMITISM
. . . . 4P
RESIDENT
B
USH MEETSWITH
H
OOVER OVERSEERSIN
W
ASHINGTON
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
ISTORY OF 
S
TALIN 
’ 
S
ULAG 
WINS
USSIAN HUMANRIGHTS AWARD
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
continued on page 2
T
he Lynde and Harry BradleyFoundation has awarded one of four 2006 Bradley Prizes for out-standing achievement to Hoover In-stitution research fellow ShelbySteele.Steele specializes in race relations,U.S. social culture, and identity poli-tics. Having written extensively formajor publications, he has had a pro-found influence on mainstream atti-tudes about the roles of education,families, and character in overcomingthe legacy of slaveryand segregation.“Shelby Steele is a deeply reflectivescholar, with incredible insight onissues related to culture, values, andgovernment affirmative action poli-cies,” said Hoover Institution direc-tor John Raisian.“His amazing elo-quence and use of the English
H
OOVER FELLOW 
S
HELBY 
S
TEELE AWARDED
2006B
RADLEY 
P
RIZE
continued on page 2
 
language makes for de-lightful listening andreading, leading to person-al reflection relating to theissues he pursues.Hiswinning the BradleyAward is certainly war-ranted, and we all feel asense of pride at Hoover inhis wonderful accomplish-ments.”Steele received the Na-tional Book Critic’s CircleAward for his book
TheContent of Our Character: A NewVision of Race in America
.His mostrecent books are
ADream Deferred:The Second Betrayal of BlackFreedom in America
and
White Guilt:How Blacks and Whites Together De-stroyed the Promise of theCivil Rights Era
.In 1991,Steele earned an EmmyAward, a Writer’s GuildAward, and the San Fran-cisco Film Festival Awardfor his work on the PBSdocumentary
Seven Daysin Bensonhurst 
.In 1994,he was awarded the Na-tional Humanities Medal.Michael Grebe, thepresident and chief execu-tive officer of the BradleyFoundation said: “TheBradley Foundation is honoring Dr.Steele for his contributions to thestudy of race in America and hisundying devotion to equality for all.He has a distinguished body of workthat has led to understanding of racialequality in America.”Steele will be presented with theaward during a ceremony on May 25at the John F.Kennedy Center for thePerforming Arts in Washington, D.C.Also honored with the award thisyear wereMiddle East scholar FouadAjami, school choice advocate ClintBolick, and internationally recognizedeconomist Hernando de Soto.Founded in 1985, the Lynde andHarry Bradley Foundation in Milwau-kee, Wisconsin, is devoted tostrengthening American democraticcapitalism and the institutions, princi-ples, and values that sustain andnurture it.
2
the field of labor economics. He’sapplied his theories to real-worldproblems like education and immigra-tion and compensation and productiv-ity. He’s well-rounded, and he’s plentysmart.“He also understands how to get hismessage across. After all, he wasvoted teacher of the year at Stanford’sGraduate School of Business. That’snot an easy accomplishment. He’s afounding editor of the
 Journal of Labor Economics
.He’s a good man,who has served with distinctionbeforein government. He served onmy advisorypanel on federal taxreform. And he’s going to be an out-standing chairman of my Council of Economic Advisers.”Lazear commented: “Therearechallenges ahead, but we have a solidfoundation on which to build. Mr.President, I look forwardto assistingyou in keeping the American economystrong. Tothat end, I will devote all of my energy to ensuring that theCouncil of Economic Advisers pro-vides you with the best economicanalysis possible.”Lazear,who was the Morris ArnoldCox Senior Fellow while at Hoover,was nominated to the chairmanship of the Council of Economic Advisers inlate 2005 and was confirmed in Feb-ruary. He is now on leave fromHoover and Stanford University.
E
DWARD
P. L
 AZEAR 
continued from page 1
Shelby SteeleHoover's Edward P.Lazear is sworn in as chairman of the President's Council ofEconomic Advisers. From left is then–presidential chief of staff Andrew Card; Lazear'sdaughter, Julie; Lazear's wife, Victoria; Lazear; and President Bush.
Kimberlee Hewitt/The White House
S
HELBY 
S
TEELE
continued from page 1
 
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A
spart of its Modern China Re-search Project, the Hoover Insti-tution is making available for re-search significant materials recentlyadded to the Hoover Library andArchives East Asian collections.The additions and opening of thefiles were announced on March 24.Photocopies of the early diaries(covering the period 1917 to 1931) of Chiang Kai-shek, the Republic of China’s first constitutional president,weremade available to researchersbeginning March 31. The Hoover In-stitution has the diaries on loan.In addition, the first of the micro-filmed Kuomintang (KMT) recordsare now also available for research,including those of the CentralReform Committee, covering theperiod 1950–1952. The KMT is theNationalist Party of the Republic of China. Attending and speaking at theopening was Ying-jeou Ma, chairmanof the KMT Party.Hoover Institution director JohnRaisian said: “The Hoover Institu-tion has long been dedicated to thegathering of unique archival informa-tion related to the 20th centurywithrespect to economic, political, andsocial history in the world. Today,with the opening of portions of Chiang Kai-shek’s diaries, we areproviding firsthand access to an im-portant period of the generalissimo’slife to interested scholars. Further, theopening of KMT records will enableresearchers to conduct in-depth studyof the evolution of political gover-nance in the Republic of China.”At a special presentation on March24, in announcing the opening of thediaries for research, Hoover seniorfellow Ramon Myers commented onthe historical significance of theChiang diaries and of the CentralReform Committee, which was estab-lished by Chiang in Taiwan.Myers said that the early Chiangdiaries were copied and circulatedwithin a small group of scholars inChina. After 1950 the KMT contin-ued to select, edit, and publish manyof Chiang’s diary entries. “As none of these published materials accuratelyrepresented the original diaries, now,for the first time, researchers can readthe authentic diaries,” Myers said.Chiang family members depositedthe handwritten diaries of ChiangKai-shek and his son Chiang Ching-kuo, third constitutional president, atthe Hoover Institution in 2005,pending the creation of a suitablerepository on the territory of China.Microfilm preservation copies of thecomplete diaries arebeing madewhile they are on loan to Hoover.As Chiang’sdiaries aretoo fragilefor researchers to examine, theHoover Archives is making photo-copies of the originals. The diariesopened on March 31 cover only asmall period of Chiang’scareer; theremainder will be opened over thenext few years. Because of the unin-hibited nature of many personal com-ments in the diaries, family membershave chosen to keep some passagesprivate and have redacted these fromuser copies. Recognizing the histori-cal significance of the diaries in theirentirety, however, family membershave authorized that the redactedpassages be released in 2035.The Hoover Institution has cooper-ated with the KMT since 2003 to pre-serve the official historical records of the party’s archives in Taipei. As theoldest political party in Asia, theKMT acted as China’s leading revolu-tionary party until it was defeated in1949 by Chinese Communist Partyforces and forced to relocate inTaiwan. On August 5, 1950, theKMT formally established theCentral Reform Committee to createanew political organization. InOctober 1952, the Seventh NationalCongress of the Kuomintang adoptedthe Central Reform Committee’s finalreports, affirming the formation of anew Kuomintang. These records weremicrofilmed in Taipei. One copy wasgiven to the Kuomintang Archives,another use copy was deposited at theHoover Institution, and a positive mi-crofilm master copy has been storedat the Hoover Institution.
Additional information is available atwww.hoover.org/hila/kmt.htm.
P
HOTOCOPIES OF
C
HIANG
 AI
-
SHEK DIARIESNOW OPEN FOR RESEARCHERS
 Ying-jeou Ma, chairman of the Kuomintang Party on Taiwan, attended the March 24ceremony announcing the opening of the Chiang Kai-shek diaries.

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