The lifelong interest in and assistance to Poland by HerbertHoover, the founder of the Hoover Institution and the UnitedStates’ 31st president, was commemorated with the openingof a special exhibit, “American Friendship: Herbert Hooverand Poland” on November 12 in Warsaw.Cosponsored by the Hoover Institution and the RoyalCastle in Warsaw, the exhibit was opened in the Library of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski, housed in the seven-teenth-eighteenth century Tin-Roofed Palace wing of theRoyal Castle complex. The exhibition, with a bilingual storyline and a printed guide, was at the Royal Castle until January 16.During 2005, it will be exhibited in Lodz, February 15 toMarch 13; Poznan, May 1 to 31; Krakow, July 4 to August28; and Wroclaw,September 2 to October 15.Two important anniversaries in 2004—the 130th year of HerbertHoover’sbirth and the 40th year of his death—wereabackdrop to the exhibition.The exhibition is chronologically divided into parts and in-cludes photographs and documents, as well as historical arti-facts illustrating Herbert Hoover’s commitment—throughouthis life as a private citizen, statesman, president, and human-itarian—to the survival and well-being of Poland. The exhibititems aremostly from Hoover Institutionholdings, with ad-ditional docu-ments drawn fromthe Polish StateArchives.The afternoonceremonies beganwith the laying of awreath at thememorial stone inHoover Square onKrakowskie Przed-miescie. The open-ing was held in the Great Assembly Hall of the Royal Castlewith the participation of representatives of the Polish gov-ernment, the United States Embassy,as well as Warsaw’sin-tellectual and cultural elite. The celebration included aconcert by Cantores Minores, the internationally renownedmen and boy’s choir of the Basilica Cathedral of St. John theBaptist in Warsaw.The Hoover Institution delegation to Warsaw, which in-cluded some 20 overseers, fellows, staffmembers, andspouses, was led by Director John Raisian and HerbertHoover III.The exhibition and the publication of the catalog weremade possible by a gift from the Taube Family Foundation.Agift from Henrietta Fankhauser enables the exhibition totravel to the various cities in Poland.
OLAND CELEBRATED WITH EXHIBITIN
Recent developments regarding Iran’s intent and ability todevelop a nuclear weapons program, covered widely by themedia, highlight the importance of a conference hosted by theHoover Institution on November 11. The conference, “Iran’sNuclear Program: International Implications and U.S. ForeignPolicy Options,” examined Iran’s capabilities and domestic pol-itics and the international political implications of Iran’s be-coming a nuclear power.The question of whether Iran could develop nuclear weaponswas addressed in the first session, “Assessing the IranianNuclear Program: Technical Capabilities and Intent.” Thespeakers, David Albright, president, Institute for Science and In-ternational Security, and Henry Sokolski, executive director,Nonproliferation Policy Education Center, acknowledged thatIran may already be nuclear-ready. In their presentations theydiscussed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of NuclearWeapons, which allows for the development of nuclear powerby countries for peaceful purposes. Referring to the treaty,Sokolski pointed out that “they have a right to enrich and if they do, they are within weeks of having a bomb.”Hoover senior fellow Sidney Drell, one of the commentatorsat the session, said, “We are dealing with one of the most dan-gerous problems in the world at this point.” Expressing concernabout how to decide which countries get access to materials, herecommended that the problem be approached with consistentstandards. “Yes to Brazil, no to Iran—that’s not the way to doit,” he concluded. Other commentators at the session includedSharam Chubin, director of research, Geneva Centre for Secu-rity Policy, and Najmedin Meshkati, professor of engineering,University of Southern California. The session was chaired byAbbas Milani, research fellow, Hoover Institution.In “Domestic Politics of Iran’s Nuclear Program,” Milanispoke of the mullahs, Iran’s religious leaders, as being cleverstrategists. He believes that they are most afraid of interventionby the United States, as it is the only countrythat hasn’t “cut adeal” with them. “They want North Korean treatment,” Milanisaid, “not Saddam Hussein treatment.” He criticized theIranian opposition for not articulating a position, the Euro-peans for not paying due attention to human rights breaches,and the United States for not having a policy on Iran.
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Hoover director John Raisian (center) joinsWarsaw mayor Lech Kaczynski (right) and themayor's wife during the exhibit opening.