he family ofone ofthe most influen-tial figures in modern Chinesehistory has decided to open fully,forthe first time,its historical papers forresearch in the Hoover InstitutionArchives.T.V.Soong,foreign minister ofChinaduring World War II,worked closely withUnited States president Franklin D.Roo-sevelt to defeat Japan,negotiated withMoscow to reestablish Chinese sovereignty over Manchuria,and represented China atthe founding ofthe United Nations.Hispapers consist ofthree parts.The first part,39 boxes,has been avail-able for research in the Hoover Archivessince its acquisition as a gift from the family in the 1970s.That landmark collection hasbeen used extensively.According to Stan-ford professor ofChinese politics JohnLewis,“For the research on my coauthoredbook
,I was privilegedto draw on the files ofthe Soong-Stalinmeetings from June to August 1945 for ourbest understanding ofStalin’s postwarplans for Asia.”The second part,19 boxes,was restrictedduring the lifetime ofSoong’s sisterMadame Chiang Kai-shek out ofrespectfor her privacy.But when Madame died onOctober 23,2003,at age 105,the heirsdecided,in the interest offostering a moreaccurate understanding oftheir homeland,to open the closed 19 boxes.There is a general lack ofdocumentationon Chinese history.Jonathan Spence,whoteaches modern Chinese history at Yale,wrote recently in the
New York Times BookReview
(February 29,2004) that this gap inthe archival record has left much history “inthe hands ofChinese composers ofthekind ofunofficial histories that the Chinesecall
(literally wild or undocumentedhistories).”To counter such unofficial histories,,thefamily has since augmented the existingofficial files at Hoover with a third part:more than 2,000 documents from theirprivate family archives.Michael Feng,grandsonofT.V.Soong,hand-carried these newly available materials fromNew York to the HooverInstitution at Stanfordon March 12,2004.In these papers T.V.Soong,as an eyewitness to history,describes such turning points as the abduc-tion ofChiang Kai-shek in 1936 (called theSian incident),the dismissal ofGeneralJoseph Stilwell,and the framing oftheSino-Soviet Treaty of1945.The newly available papers include rarepersonal correspondence among the Soongfamily,including the famed sisters,Madame Chiang Kai-shek,Madame SunYat-sen,and Madame H.H.K’ung.In aneffort to correct pervasive
-stylerumors about the family’s personalfinances,the decision was made to openprivate financial papers as well.Althoughprivate individuals rarely include personalfinancial data in archival donations,T.V.Soong’s heirs chose transparency tocounter unwarranted speculation.“All future historians ofChina will minethese marvelous additions to the archivesand in their citations will recall the greatcontributions ofT.V.Soong to the modernhistory ofChina,”commented ProfessorLewis.Hoover Institution senior fellowRamon Myers explained that these paperscover the “debates with Winston Churchill,John Davis and many others”and that thefiles “show Soong to be a loyal and brilliantofficial representing his country whileadvancing its national interests and strate-gic thinking.”Once they have been cataloged,thesepreviously unknown documents will bemade available,on April 26,2004,forresearch in the reading room ofthe HooverInstitution Archives,which is open to thepublic free ofcharge.Information can befound on the web site:www.hoover.org/hilaor by contacting the head ofreference,Carol Leadenham at firstname.lastname@example.org.
T. V. S
OONGTO BE OPENED FOR FIRST TIME
Michael Feng (left),grandson ofT.V.Soong,was joined byElliot Feng (center),great-grandson ofT.V.Soong,and LeoSoong (right),nephew ofT.V.Soong,who screened theclosed collection for the family in preparation for openingthe documents April 26,2004.
he Center for Research on EducationOutcomes (CREDO) hosted anEvaluation Boot Camp for theUnited States Department ofEducation toteach a select number ofstaffaboutprogram evaluation February 25–27 inWashington,D.C.The program offered participants an effi-cient way to become better advocates,plan-ners,and consumers ofprogram evalua-tions.The workshop emphasized both skillbuilding and the strategic use ofevaluationevidence in policy decisions.CREDO director Margaret Raymond,aHoover research fellow,noted that theworkshop combined practical knowledgeand big-picture perspectives.CREDO,whose mission is to improveresearch and evaluation practice in the areaofeducational policy,was established at theHoover Institution to improve the body of empirical evidence about education reformand student performance at the primary and secondary levels.For more informationon CREDO,see http://credo.stanford.edu/.